Transfer effects in English-Welsh bilinguals learning French as a third language.

Lead Research Organisation: Swansea University
Department Name: School of Arts and Humanities


This study examines third language (L3) transfer effects by exploring the role of the first language (L1), language dominance & proficiency, working memory capacity (WM) and language learning aptitude on morpho-syntax. It will investigate whether L3 transfer effects occur in Welsh-English/English-Welsh bilinguals learning French and if so, from which language and/or for which structures, whether language dominance/proficiency in English/Welsh affect transfer into L3 French?, and whether L3 transfer effects influenced by WM or language learning aptitude.


10 25 50

Studentship Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Student Name
ES/P00069X/1 01/10/2017 30/09/2027
2103882 Studentship ES/P00069X/1 01/01/2019 31/10/2022 Tesni Galvin
Description So far we have collected data for experiment 1 (divided into two experiments because of COVID). We administered a battery of tasks to 40 Welsh-English bilingual speakers, online using the software Gorilla. Initial results indicate that they have good productive and receptive command of grammatical gender, and can accurately produce mutations. Language dominance and linguistic proficiency appear to play a role in the productive and receptive command of grammatical gender.
Exploitation Route We are due to administer a second experiment this fall, exploring the representation, processing and predictive processing of grammatical gender. These results from experiment 1 will serve as a basis for experiment 2.

We hope that our results will be used to inform policy and practice, in terms of the practicalities of teaching the gender and mutation systems in the education system.
Sectors Education

Description Findings are yet to be used as the project is ongoing. But, once I have analysed all of my results, these will be used going forward in designing experiment 2 this fall.
Sector Education
Impact Types Policy & public services