GCRF Gender, Justice and Security Hub

Lead Research Organisation: London School of Economics & Pol Sci
Department Name: Centre for Women, Peace and Security

Abstract

The GCRF Gender, Justice and Security Hub will deliver innovative interdisciplinary research on the challenge of achieving gender justice and inclusive security in conflict-affected societies. The Hub addresses the overlapping of three major policy areas: Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5 on gender equality; SDG 16 on peace, inclusivity and justice; and the implementation of the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda. The UK is a global leader on these issues, particularly gender equality, which is at the heart of UK Aid Strategy as well as a national security priority. Yet in each of these areas, progress has been frustratingly slow, and in some cases has stalled altogether. The Hub will develop an evidence base on the intersections of gender, justice and security; expand research capacity in collaboration with international partners; and make use of unrivalled links with leading ambassadors for gender justice (Hub Champions) to translate research into impact for the achievement of sustainable peace.

Promoting the conditions for gender justice and inclusive security requires a broad vision, ability to unite disparate specialisms, develop capacity across the sites where the development challenge is most intense, and provide independent scrutiny of policy initiatives. A diverse team of PI and co-investigators, widely regarded as experts in gender studies, development, justice and/or WPS, will lead the research. The Hub will pursue its key questions through four projects - on Transformation & Empowerment; Land, Livelihoods & Rights; Migration & Displacement; and Masculinities & Sexualities, as well as two cross-cutting work streams on Law & Policy Frameworks and Methodological Innovation. The challenge the Hub confronts is global, but appears in different ways across contexts. To generate detailed knowledge from which to draw scalable conclusions and recommendations, the Hub will focus on eight core cases: Afghanistan, Colombia, Iraq, Lebanon, Myanmar, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka and Uganda. While each is distinctive in its experiences and timelines of conflict, the cases are broadly geographically representative and are all significantly conflict-affected.

The Hub structure is designed to build deep and lasting links between researchers, project partners, policy makers, civil society actors and vulnerable groups. In addition to a range of academic outputs (monographs; journal articles; visual materials; working papers; policy reports) specific to each project, the Hub will yield several other outputs of significance for the wider research community: new datasets on transitional justice, women's empowerment and subsequent backlash, and post-conflict reconciliation; a major 'Global Gender, Justice and Security' report, with researchers from across the Hub contributing data and chapters; and an innovative web portal providing wide access to Hub research. The portal will be the Hub's main site of public engagement, featuring videos, podcasts and case studies of the development challenge and effective responses to it, as well as serving as a resource beyond the end of the award.

While the Hub will be housed administratively at the LSE Centre for WPS, its activities will be most evident in the eight core countries. Hub workshops will be held in each one throughout the grant, to include knowledge exchange, research presentation and development, leadership team meetings to identify project synergies and forward plan, visits from Hub Champions, policy meetings, networking and collaboration opportunities and expert-led training. Hub institutions have committed to providing access to research methods courses for researchers from the core countries.

The Hub's activities will be geared towards achieving five forms of impact (including policy and institutional reform and capacity building), in partnership with global south researchers and civil society, to the benefit of those currently facing gender insecurity and injustice.

Planned Impact

The ultimate aim of the Hub is to transform situations of gender insecurity and injustice for the groups they render vulnerable. The Hub will deliver five forms of impact to achieve this aim:

Impact 1 is the creation of new knowledge and advocacy networks that amplify the voices of women and marginalised groups to catalyse change. This type of impact aims to bolster affected communities' abilities to challenge and debate policy, and to bring new voices into public debate, thus supporting the WPS pillar on equal participation and SDG targets 5:5 to ensure women's full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership and 16:7 to ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels. It also maps on to the UNSG's Prevention Agenda priority to support national capacities for facilitation and dialogue. The achievement of Impact 1 will extend the legacy of the Hub well beyond five years. Civil society project partners in DAC-list countries will be major beneficiaries of both research collaboration and policy engagement. The research proposal has been co-developed with 17 civil society groups with expertise on local development needs. Further beneficiaries include identified local women's and civil society groups in core states; youth activists; student societies; LGBTQ groups and refugee communities in Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan, and from Myanmar.

Impact 2 will be local and global policy change on SDGs 5, 16 & the WPS agenda instigated by evidence on policy impacts generated by the Hub. This impact supports the WPS pillar on promotion of women's rights post conflict and SDG targets 5:1 to end all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere; 5A to undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property; 5C to adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls; 16:3 to promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all; and 16B to promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development. Hub research will inform policy advocacy and policy design and provide independent policy scrutiny. Opportunities have been identified for impact on major policy processes through government agencies, international organisations and transnational civil society groups, including core country governments, UN Women; DFID; Global Fund for Women, UN Special Procedures mandates & OHCHR; UNDP; IOM; MenEngage alliance; UNDPKO; & the CEDAW Committee, to offer increased protection to groups who are currently under-served.

Impact 3 is institutional reform in core countries and more broadly, to underwrite inclusive security and just peace, for the benefit of conflict-affected societies. It aligns with SDG targets 16:6 to develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels and 16.7 (above), and with the UNSG's Prevention Agenda priority to advance a preventive approach to human rights. Hub projects anticipate impact on the knowledge, capacity and practice of institutions in each research site, including transitional justice institutions wherever they are present, along with national agencies on land restitution and territorial renewal (Colombia); the Ministry of Higher Education (Iraq); the Consultation Task Force and Parliamentary Gender Caucus (Sri Lanka); & district government & the Ker Kwaro Acholi group of chiefs (Uganda). The Hub will also benefit the International Criminal Court through the provision of research to facilitate its in-country operations.

Impacts 4 (capacity-building to benefit hub participants) and 5 (creation of new knowledge; development of research methods & sector good practice to benefit the wider academic community) are detailed elsewhere in the application.

People

ORCID iD

Christine Mary Chinkin (Principal Investigator)
Brad Kagan Blitz (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4765-8806
Eleonore Kofman (Co-Investigator)
Fionnuala Ni Aolain (Co-Investigator)
Muslih Irwani (Co-Investigator)
Marsha Giselle Henry (Co-Investigator)
Kirsten Abigail Ainley (Co-Investigator)
Socorro Reyes (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3144-390X
Rory O'Connell (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5655-055X
Chandra Lekha Sriram (Co-Investigator)
Rebekka Clara Friedman (Co-Investigator)
Holly Elizabeth Porter (Co-Investigator)
Angelika Rettberg (Co-Investigator)
Khin Ma Myo (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5753-0972
Kopalapillai Amirthalingam (Co-Investigator)
Marie Elizabeth Berry (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0504-2723
Dinesha Samararatne (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8017-8009
Janroj Yilmaz Keles (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3525-9760
Nelson Camilo Sanchez Leon (Co-Investigator)
Neelam Raina (Co-Investigator)
Robert Jenkins (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6356-2428
Loraine Bacchus (Co-Investigator)
Choman Hardi (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6628-4371
Ligia Kiss (Co-Investigator)
Henri Mikael Myrttinen (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8566-867X
Laura Josephine Shepherd (Co-Investigator)
Ezgi Tuncer Gurkas (Co-Investigator)
Charbel Maydaa (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4088-857X
Geoff Dancy (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4397-7204
Mazeda Hossain (Co-Investigator)
JOSEPHINE AHIKIRE (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9166-7737
Grace Akello Ayebare (Co-Investigator)
Neloufer De Mel (Co-Investigator)
Anne-Marie Goetz (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8895-3118
Eric Wiebelhaus-Brahm (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7710-8501
Mario Gomez (Co-Investigator)
Milli Lake (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5915-7374
Alan Keenan (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2156-8941
Paul Kirby (Co-Investigator)
Fatima Hussain (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0333-5837
Ana Maria Ibáñez (Co-Investigator)
William Rolston (Researcher)
Mohamed Sesay (Researcher Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5691-1004
 
Title Recurrence: A conversation among six artists, Colombo, Sri Lanka 
Description Six artists explore ideas of recurrence and resilience in contemporary Sri Lanka. Lionel Wendt Gallery, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Two women and four men, from different generations, of different ethnicities, from different geographies, and representing a broad canvas of socio-political backgrounds, reflect on the paradox of a country that has changed rapidly in some ways, yet remains unchanged in others. Their work is rooted in their childhood memories and politics of their circumstances. They resonate deeply with collective sentiments shared by many who live on the island. Through a variety of mediums, these artists reflect, contest and explore achievement, loss, missed opportunities, grief and human resilience, and events that have had an uncanny capacity to recur. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact This exhibition was curated by Hub partner the International Centre for Ethnic Studies as part of the Gender, Justice and Security Hub Convention, Lionel Wendt Gallery, Colombo, Sri Lanka. The exhibition was an important artistic element of the Convention. Gender, Justice and Security Hub members from around the world took the opportunity to interact with the art and artists, prompting conversation not just about the experience of conflict and post conflict societies and individuals in Sri Lanka, but in conflict affected contexts worldwide. The exhibition was open to the public for 3 days - Jan 6-9 2020 
URL https://www.facebook.com/events/457974911538660/
 
Description Dejusticia, one of the Hub's Research Partner Organisations, participated in the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights forum on States' obligations under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and governance of land tenure. The meeting agenda is here: https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/CESCR/Discussions/2019/Draft_agenda.pdf. Further details on the meeting is available on the UN website here: https://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/CESCR/Pages/GeneralDiscussionLand.aspx
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Methods training delivered by Drs Milli Lake and Marie Berry to the Amani Institute, Uganda, as part of capability building for the Women's Rights After War project.
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The impact on practice is still to be fully realised, as the training was only recently delivered. The impact will extend beyond the immediate scope of the research collaboration, as the skills will inform Amani's other research collaborations across the Gender, Justice and Security Hub and more broadly in their research and policy advocacy work in Uganda.
 
Description Public hearing on land restitution convened by the Colombian Constitutional Court to extend the Law of Victims and Land Restitution. Additional information relating to this hearing is available here (note the URL was blocked when pasted into the field on this form): https://www.dejusticia.org/litigation/el-congreso-debe-fortalecer-la-ley-de-victimas-y-restitucion-de-tierras-antes-de-que-expire-en-2021/; https://www.dejusticia.org/litigation/le-solicitamos-a-la-corte-constitucional-la-extension-de-la-vigencia-de-la-ley-de-victimas/ . The Court Communique is available here: https://www.corteconstitucional.gov.co/comunicados/No.%2049%20comunicado%2005%20de%20diciembre%20de%202019.pdf
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL https://www.dejusticia.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/20191010-Intervenci%C3%B3n-Ley-de-V%C3%ADctima...
 
Description Training for students and faculty at Gulu University by Dr Grace Akello, Co-Investigator on the Cross-border wars, sexuality and citizenship project. capacity building and training Master of Medical Anthropology Students at Gulu University. Additionally and in collaboration with the British Academy, Dr Akello conducted a one-day writers' workshop for junior researchers in northern Uganda.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Training workshop on masculinities by Dr. Henri Myrttinen at the American University of Iraq Sulaimani (AUIS). Participating organisations include the Centre for Gender and Development Studies, AUIS; QANDIL (Sweden); Women's Legal Assistance (Iraq); and People's Development Organisation (Iraq).
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Performing Violence, Engendering Change: Developing Arts-Based Approaches to Peacebuilding
Amount £150,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/T023864/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2020 
End 03/2021
 
Description Women's Rights After War
Amount $328,000 (USD)
Funding ID 1921305 
Organisation National Science Foundation (NSF) 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 08/2019 
End 08/2022
 
Title Monitoring human rights backlashes using social media 
Description Using Twitter to understand online discourse is not a new methodology. However, the way that Twitter governs what data is available to researchers is changing. This project uses DiscoverText, a scraping service that relies on Twitter's Search API, to generate insights from social media sources. Twitter data is being used by academics to inquire into a wide variety of questions. The project;s literature review indicated that data tended to fall into one of the following 5 categories: content/thematic analysis; sentiment analysis; network analysis; impact analysis; events detection and monitoring. The research team has produced a research summary and toolkit, available to all hub members. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact It is too early to determine impact. However, the research team will be providing training to Hub members on the research method. 
 
Title Return, Reintegration and Political Restructuring research method 
Description Issues such as conflict, displacement, identity, belonging and community can often be difficult to verbalize or articulate. Drs Keles and Irwani have concluded that visual research methodology can be very useful to study notions of displacement, migration, return mobilities, identity, community and belonging among returned Internally Displaced Persons, refugees and migrants. The researchers are employing photo-elicitation research methodology to study a wide variety of topics such as identity, culture, community, power, class, gender and spatial relationships. Incorporating the visual research methodology within a traditional interview or focus group as well as survey approach will be an exciting research approach for those seeking to move beyond data as verbal text. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact It is too early in the study to identify impact. 
 
Title Women's Economic and Political Empowerment: Evidence from Colombia. 
Description The researchers have collected data on women political candidates, women elected in local councils and state assemblies and on women who have benefited from land titles. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact It is too soon in the research project to demonstrate impact. However, the data has been brought together in a way that has not been done before and should produce original research findings. 
 
Description Beyond War Compensation: Gender, justice, livelihood and rights in Northern Uganda 
Organisation Advocates for Research in Development
Country Uganda 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The project is a collaboration between members of the Hub's research collaboration: Makerere University and the Amani Institute, Gulu, Uganda. During the reporting period ARiD became a collaborating partner on the research. Makerere University and the Amani Institute remain the lead investigators on the project.
Collaborator Contribution Advocates for Research in Development (ARiD), founded in 2010 is a leading community focused policy research advocacy NGO with its headquarters in Pader district, Northern Uganda. The development oriented organization aims at transforming the lives of the community emerging from the legacy of the civil war, especially of the vulnerable communities. ARiD is fully registered as an NGO with the national level, Pader District Local Governments, and Pader District NGO Forum. Since its inception, ARiD had been operating in Agago, Kitgum, Abim and Pader districts. Its Program covers; Strengthening Participatory governance and Accountability, Livelihoods, Social Justice, Environment and Land governance with funding cooperation with ActionAid Uganda, UWEZO, War Child UK, DFID and Institute for Social Transformation (IST). ARiD has a close working Partnership with Amani Institute . ARiD and Amani have joint Research fellowship programs, information sharing and capacity building. During joint data collection (Makerere and Amani) in December 2019 in Northern Uganda , ARiD helped the research team to mobilize community dialogues and focus group discussions in Pader District.
Impact To date, the collaboration has resulted in the community engagement activities outlined above. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary, comprising field-based ethnographic research and policy development.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Constructions of Peace in Colombia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Academic presentation: JEP y construcción de paz", en "La JEP como constructora de paz", Facultad de Derecho, Universidad de los Andes, 18 de septiembre, 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Construir paz en Colombia: Retos y opportunidades. Meeting with LSE Alumni, Universidad de Los Andes, Colombia. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Meeting with LSE alumni to discuss the progress of research into peace building in Colombia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Construir paz en Colombia: Retos y opportunidades. Presentation to Talentum-Universidad (Mexico) at the Universidad de Los Andes, Colombia. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation to an international audience regarding the challenges and opportunities to peace building in Colombia. The impact is not known.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Construir paz en Colombia: Retos y opportunidades. Presentation to the International Symposium of Military Studies, Colombian Air Force. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation to an international symposium at the Colombian Air Force. Impacts and outcomes are not known.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Gender, Justice and Security Hub Convention - Sri Lanka, January 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The first Convention of the Gender, Justice and Security Hub - 'Achieving Sustainable Development Goals 5 and 16 through the Women, Peace and Security Agenda: Progress and Challenges' - took place in Sri Lanka 5-13 January 2020. Conventions will be a flagship activity of the Hub and contain varied programmes of activity, promoting and facilitating knowledge exchange, research development and co-authorship amongst Hub members. A large group of the Hub Co-Investigators and Project Partners were present, providing a unique opportunity to present new and emerging research as well as engage in policy-focused discussions with local experts. The academic components of the Hub took place at the University of Colombo from 5-7January, included keynote sessions from Hub researchers and local experts as well as faculty-specific presentations from Hub researchers and practitioners to students and staff in the faculties of Law, Arts, Education and Medicine. from 9-10 January Hub members engaged in workshops with local activists working within the women, peace and security agenda to discuss areas of mutual interest in the international peace building agenda.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Gender, Justice and Security Hub Convention - public training programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Gender, Justice and Security Hub presented two days of training workshops to researchers, public policy makers, practitioners, students and civil society representatives on 12-13 January in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Topics included the WPS agenda; feminist research methods; communication research and stakeholder management; generating policy impact from research; quantitative methods; social media research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Kampala cluster on land reforms 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The event was a workshop and networking opportunity when respectively Directors in the Gender, Justice and Security Hub met in Kampala and the project cluster on Land reforms in northern Uganda launched its project activities in Gulu municipality.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Legal clinic in Sri Lanka 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Pro bono legal aid clinic for the community of research participants at Yaka Wewa in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Migration and Displacement partners meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Meeting in Dubai with all researchers and South Asian partner organisations of the Migration and Displacement stream of the Hub.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation on the Gender, Justice and Security Hub, University of Queensland, Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Presentation on the Gender, Justice and Security Hub, with emphasis on the methodological innovations that will emerge from the Hub's activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation on the Gender, Justice and Security Hub, University of Sydney, Australia. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A presentation on the Gender, Justice and Security Hub, with an emphasis on the methodological innovations elements.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation on the Gender, Justice and Security Hub, Yale University, USA. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Presentation on the Gender, Justice and Security Hub, with an emphasis on the methodological innovations that will emerge from the Hub's activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description The Colombian Peace Process - presentation to postgraduate students 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact "The Colombian Peace Process: Achievements and Challenges", MA in Studies of Conflict and Terrorism, University of Auckland (Nueva Zelanda) students, Universidad de los Andes, 5 November 2019. The presentation led to further discussion and interest in international case studies of peace processes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Video production and film making training in Gulu, Uganda 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Video Production and Film Making Training held in Gulu by Amani Institute, Uganda.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019