University of Nottingham - Equipment Account

Lead Research Organisation: University of Nottingham
Department Name: Research and Graduate Services

Abstract

Summary
We will offer to UK academic and industrial scientists and engineers expert facilitated access to a new high performance liquids dedicated XPS spectrometer, the first of its kind in the UK. This type of instrument is an important tool used across many science and engineering disciplines, including for example nanotechnology, chemistry, surface science, functional materials, pharmaceuticals, catalysis, metallurgy, sensors, the environment and energy. LiPPS will provide unique atomistic measurements of both bulk liquids and solutes there-in. Other new features make this instrument easier to operate, able to deal with a wider range of sample types and to acquire data autonomously.

This unique facility will provide UK universities and industry with the opportunity to carry out world-leading research. By providing open access at the Nottingham Nanotechnology and Nanoscience Centre (NNNC) at the University of Nottingham we aim to maximise the impact of this instrument on UK science and industry. To help achieve this Nottingham will collaborate with other leading centres of Photoelectron Electron Spectroscopy particularly the new national facility (NEXUS) hosted by Newcastle.

The NNNC operates as a sustainable cross-faculty multidisciplinary centre supporting open-access to state-of the art-instrumentation. The provision of such facilities is a priority of the University of Nottingham. The new LiPPS instrument will become a key service within the NNNC which is committed to the long term maintenance and updating of this resource for the benefit of research in the UK.

Planned Impact

Impact Summary
Who will benefit?
The proposal will help support and generate research projects that drive new areas of activity across UK HEIs. These are expected to be primarily within the areas of (or at the interface of) catalysis, nanotechnology, chemistry, surface science, functional materials, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, food technology, the environment and energy. Resulting outputs will potentially benefit the wider scientific community and UK industry, increasing international competiveness.

The project will benefit the Universities in this proposal through increased integration of facilitated open access to liquid based XPS. This initial collaboration on offering complementary EPSRC National Facility (NEXUS) services hosted by the University of Newcastle. The University of Nottingham will benefit through experience gained in the sustainable operation of an open access analytical facility working in partnership, as opposed to competitively, with other HEIs. The NNNC will also benefit through the increased number of users within the Centre that may also access other complementary tools.

New fundamental insights and applications delivered through the analysis supplied will benefit academics through generating new avenues for research. The LiPPS instrument will provide proof of principle data and detailed study data that users can obtain to leverage higher quality research outputs and financial support. We foresee that benefits will also accrue to the applicants and associated research groups in Physics, Pharmacy and Chemistry in terms of collaborations spinning out from the activities of the Centre. Such collaborations may also occur between users of the Centre, either through direct linking through the Centre itself or at user meetings. Industrial users will benefit from access to state of the art analyses and expertise which can much more rapidly address problems than current systems. As well as increased sample throughput the system will provide a range of quantitative data that can help inform business critical decisions.

How will benefit from the research be supported?
As specified in our proposal, time on instrumentation or training will be allocated based upon a hierarchical question system. This will lead to the selection of Users with interests in line with EPSRC remit and work with maximum benefit to the user and the UK. Academic and industrial researchers will be trained as required in new analytical and data interpretation skills. Hence the LiPPS will contribute to delivering a source of highly trained researchers with significant added skills.

As appropriate we will facilitate technology transfer through engagement with regional and national networks (eg. KTNs) through the BDE within the NNNC, the Universities Research and Business Development Office and its wholly owned TSB funded technology transfer company, eminate Ltd. Whilst XPS is an established technique in certain high-value industrial sectors (eg. semiconductors, aerospace, pharmaceuticals), this completely new approach of liquid XPS measurements will lead to a step-change in the application of XPS to analytical measurements.

Training benefits (eg. improved career prospects) and the impact of industrial problem solving are expected to accrue from 6 months. Research outputs such as publications, talks at conferences and funding are expected to begin from around 12-18 months of project commencement. A contribution to new substantive collaborations that yield significant areas of activity and identifiable industrial outputs such as products/IP will be from years 2 to 3.

Publications

10 25 50

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Arjmand E (2016) Predicting Lifetime of Thick Al Wire Bonds Using Signals Obtained From Ultrasonic Generator in IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology

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Arjmand E (2016) A thermal cycling reliability study of ultrasonically bonded copper wires in Microelectronics Reliability

 
Description Axis Ultra DLD LiPPS:
Development of new depth/layering models for ionic solutions in their solid, liquid and a glass states.

Tof SIMS gas cluster ion beam: This system has allowed studies of polymer multi-layer systems in collaboration with NPL. Results will be used to guide users in the optimisation of their instrument use. Research relating to the depth profiling of organic materials, such as demonstrating variations in polymer structures used in animal surgeries, are now also possible.
Exploitation Route Axis Ultra DLD LiPPS:
In the near future the XPS is expected the be used to characterize subtle fluorine chemistry changes
Sectors Chemicals,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology

URL http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/nnnc/index.aspx
 
Description AWE Research Funding
Amount £616,848 (GBP)
Funding ID PO 30351471/26 
Organisation Atomic Weapons Establishment 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2015 
End 12/2018
 
Description An integrated assessment of UK Shale resource distribution based on fundamental analyses of shale mechanical & fluid properties.
Amount £254,307 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/R018030/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 08/2022
 
Description BBSRC Training Grant
Amount £95,042 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/N503617/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2016 
End 06/2020
 
Description EMPIR
Amount € 2,000,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 15HLT01 
Organisation European Commission 
Department Horizon 2020
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 03/2016 
End 03/2020
 
Description EMPIR
Amount € 1,798,279 (EUR)
Funding ID 17IND08 (AdvanCT) 
Organisation European Commission 
Department Horizon 2020
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 06/2018 
End 05/2021
 
Description EPSRC Programme Grant
Amount £6,331,952 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N035437/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2016 
End 07/2021
 
Description EPSRC Research Grant
Amount £736,411 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N03404X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 08/2019
 
Description EPSRC Research Grant
Amount £910,916 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P019080/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2017 
End 01/2020
 
Description EPSRC Research Grant
Amount £481,397 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/L013908/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2014 
End 05/2017
 
Description EPSRC Standard Research
Amount £783,422 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N033906/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2019
 
Description EPSRC Strategic Equipment
Amount £2,019,330 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P029868/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2017 
End 07/2022
 
Description EPSRC award
Amount £3,531,769 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N024818/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2020
 
Description KTP Partnership
Amount £150,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 510929 
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2016 
End 04/2019
 
Description Leverhulme Trust Research Grant RPG-2014-129 "Molecular Beam Epitaxy for Graphene/Boron Nitride electronics"
Amount £132,073 (GBP)
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2015 
End 02/2018
 
Description Lewerhulme Trust Research Grant
Amount £132,073 (GBP)
Funding ID RPG-2014-129 
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2015 
End 03/2018
 
Description Maximising existing equipment
Amount £202,437 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2020
 
Description Programme Grant
Amount £5,365,958 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N006615/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2015 
End 11/2020
 
Description Programme Grant
Amount £6,486,390 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P013341/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2017 
End 02/2022
 
Description Programme Grants
Amount £5,365,958 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N006615/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2015 
End 11/2020
 
Description Seed Award
Amount £250,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 201457/Z/16/Z 
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2017 
End 03/2021
 
Description Strain-engineered graphene: growth, modification and electronic properties
Amount £910,916 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P019080/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2017 
End 01/2021
 
Title Cryogenic FIB lift-out 
Description The preparation of thinned lamellae from bulk samples for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis has been possible in the focussed ion beam scanning electron microscope (FIB-SEM) for over 20 years via the in situ lift-out method. Lift-out offers a fast and site specific preparation method for TEM analysis, typically in the field of materials science. More recently it has been applied to a low-water content biological sample (Rubino 2012). This work presents the successful lift-out of high-water content lamellae, under cryogenic conditions (cryo-FIB lift-out) and using a nanomanipulator retaining its full range of motion, which are advances on the work previously done by Rubino (2012). Strategies are explored for maintaining cryogenic conditions, grid attachment using cryo-condensation of water and protection of the lamella when transferring to the TEM 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Two citations Crygenic FIBSEM workshop 2017 to be held at the nmRC. These skills will be demonstrated to a group of industrial and academic experts in this research field. 
URL https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84975725988&doi=10.1002%2fjemt.22630&origin=inw...
 
Title DNP assisted ssNMR 
Description Enhancement of solid state NMR using the polarization arising from unpaired electrons. The polarization is transferred by means of a strong microwave field under cryogenic conditions. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Provision of this research tool fills a gap in the UK NMR instrumentation landscape, identified in a survey carried out 2013 and listed as priority in the UK NMR roadmap 2014. 
URL http://www.notttingham.ac.uk/dnpnmr
 
Description CTSTARR (CTSurface Texture for Additive Round Robin) 
Organisation National Physical Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Conducted round robin comparative measurement of a Ti6Al4V ELI sample
Collaborator Contribution Conducted round robin comparative measurement of a Ti6Al4V ELI sample
Impact The comparative study validates the parameter extraction process, provides useful repeatability and reproducibility data and provides baseline information for an expanded, Stage 2, round robin.
Start Year 2016
 
Description CTSTARR (CTSurface Texture for Additive Round Robin) 
Organisation University of Huddersfield
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Conducted round robin comparative measurement of a Ti6Al4V ELI sample
Collaborator Contribution Conducted round robin comparative measurement of a Ti6Al4V ELI sample
Impact The comparative study validates the parameter extraction process, provides useful repeatability and reproducibility data and provides baseline information for an expanded, Stage 2, round robin.
Start Year 2016
 
Description CTSTARR (CTSurface Texture for Additive Round Robin) 
Organisation X-Tek Systems Ltd (Nikon Metrology UK Ltd)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Conducted round robin comparative measurement of a Ti6Al4V ELI sample
Collaborator Contribution Conducted round robin comparative measurement of a Ti6Al4V ELI sample
Impact The comparative study validates the parameter extraction process, provides useful repeatability and reproducibility data and provides baseline information for an expanded, Stage 2, round robin.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Identification of carbenium ions in zeolite and their interaction with the surface probed by DNP enhanced solid-state NMR 
Organisation University of Liverpool
Department Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The research team helped in setting up the experiments and aided in sample preparation. The research team also provided scientific inputs as and when applicable.
Collaborator Contribution The contribution helped in investigation of zeolitic materials using dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) assisted magic-angle spinning(MAS) assisted solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (ssNMR). The collaborating partners primarily carried out the experiments in our facility. They brought the samples to be investigated.
Impact We have initially performed 13C and 29Si DNP MAS NMR at 14.09 T on a range of zeolites with various physical properties, including a range of particle size and pore structures. The results obtained will be used further in the investigation of zeolites using DNP. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. It involves the discipline of physics and chemistry.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Investigation of dangling bonds assisted polarization enhancement for pure silicon nanoparticles 
Organisation Dartmouth College
Department Department of Physics and Astronomy
PI Contribution The research team from University of Nottingham provided scientific inputs, ideas and expertise to help exploring this first of its kind study of utilizing intrinsic biradicals for DNP in MAS NMR. The research team also helped in setting up of experiments and preparation of samples.
Collaborator Contribution The partner contributed in exchange of expertise and scientific ideas. PhD students from the collaborators group came to Nottingham to carry out experiments. They also carried out low temperature EPR studies in their lab which helped us in understanding the nature of these biradicals.
Impact Initially we used the dangling bonds on the surface of these materials to enhance the NMR signals. It was seen for the first time that such methods can be exploited in MAS DNP studies. Further studies were carried out using exogenous radicals which proved to be more efficient in this case, but also showed us that if the dangling bonds concentration can be increased, then exogenous radical scenario can be emulated. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. It involves the discipline of physics, chemistry, and nanoscience.
Start Year 2016
 
Description CMG annual meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Cryo Microscopy Group annual meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.cryomicroscopygroup.org.uk/CMG2018.php
 
Description CMG meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The nmRC hosted the 2016 CryoMicroscopy Group meeting with 60+ delegates. This event included presentations by invited speakers, posters, exhibitor stands and also a workshop (for those interested in cryogenic transfer techniques).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.cryomicroscopygroup.org.uk/CMG2016.php
 
Description DNP Converence 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The intended purpose was to make the studies done in our facility known to a broader audience, and entice more researchers/industry personnel towards this relatively new scientific technique.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description DNP Launch Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The intended purpose was to make the studies done in our facility known to a broader audience, and entice more researchers/industry personnel towards this relatively new scientific technique.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description FutForm training workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Graham Rance, Michael Fay, Chris Parmenter, Emily Smith FutForm Annual Meeting and Training Workshop, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK, 6th June 2017, oral presentations. FutForm is a H2020 RISE project on 'Future Formulations: Developing Future Pharmaceuticals Through Advanced Analysis and Intersectoral Exchange' with participants from Portugal, Netherlands and Italy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/199941_en.html
 
Description NUAST 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Graham Rance, Michael Fay, Christine Grainger-Boultby Nottingham University Academy of Science and Technology (NUAST), 14th July 2016 and 13th July 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Prof Novikov's video press release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Prof Novikov's video press release, prepared by Nottingham press office for the Opening Day of the graphene MBE facilities on the 08.01.2015 (https://mediaspace.nottingham.ac.uk/media/Growing+graphene+%E2%80%93+blue+sky+research+attempts+to+replicate+nature/1_rwzc7u6k/ or
on YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A6obEfjWj3Y
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A6obEfjWj3Y
 
Description Queen's birthday 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The nmRC used a FIBSEM to etch a birthday message to the Queen for her 90th birthday (which coincided with the opening of the centre). The FIBSEM etching and imaging was recorded and shown on the BBC news; described on a BBC world service radio interview and was picked up by other news outlets and social media. The etched corgi hair is now kept at Windsor Castle in a glass corgi for posterity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-nottinghamshire-36099200
 
Description Saharan dust 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr Beth Steer collected dust particles (from Saharan red sky in October) from her car windscreen to take a look at them under a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Story tweeted by the Nanoscale and Microscale Research Centre (nmRC) and was picked up by BBC national news.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/nmrc/news/nmrc-sem-images-of-saharan-dust-on-bbc-news.aspx
 
Description School involvement/widening participation (Nottingham) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Year 12 STEM students from NUAST were given an introduction to SEM and TEM techniques.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Soot Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Graham Rance, Michael Fay, Chris Parmenter EPSRC Soot: Nanoparticle Characterisation and Morphology Workshop, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK, 29th March 2017, oral and poster presentations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/nmrc/news/soot-in-oil-diagnostics.aspx
 
Description XEN Workshop, Natural History Museum, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Xradia European Network (XEN) meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description nmRC School Visit (NUAST) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact students from a local high school (NUAST) visited the nmRC facility. Students were given a tour of the centre and were shown how to operate and image using SEM and TEM.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description nmRC Twitter Feed 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Nanoscale and Microscale Research Centre (nmRC) started a twitter feed in September 2017. There are now approximately 100 followers including a BBC News Reader and also Professor Sir Fraser Stoddart (winner of 2016 Nobel Prize in chemistry). We have had success with the BBC picking up two news stories through this feed. We also use the feed to advertise PhD studentships and other noteworthy related items.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://twitter.com/uonnmrc