Engineering Quantum Technology Systems on a Silicon Platform

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: School of Engineering

Abstract

The vision of this project is to develop practical quantum technology for the accurate measurement of electrical currents and to develop high sensitivity detectors for gases such as carbon dioxide, methane (the gas used to heat homes) and carbon dioxide. Single electron transistors allow only one electron to travel through the device when switched on to form the electrical current. If the control gate is switched at a high frequency then the current through the device is simply the frequency times the charge on an electron and by counting the number of electrons, the current can be accurately measured. All such devices to date only work at low temperatures due to the small energy difference between the quantum states required for the transistor. I am proposing to make a single electron transistor which is far smaller than any previous reported device that will have large energies between the quantum states and operate at room temperature.

Gas molecules absorb light at very specific wavelengths which in the mid-infrared part of the electromagnetic spectrum correspond to vibrational energy of the bonds which hold the atoms together to form the gas molecule. This provides a molecular fingerprint as each molecule only absorbs specific wavelengths which can therefore be used to identify the gas. Gas detectors already exist for carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and methane gas by measuring the absorption of light at the molecular fingerprint wavelength but the sensitivity for small battery powered detectors in the home is at the level of parts per million. For many scientific, healthcare, industrial and security applications sensitivities require to be at least a thousand times better. To date systems for measuring at this accuracy are large, bulky and require large lasers. This proposal will use quantum technology to build a far smaller and cheaper chip scale gas detector with parts per billion sensitivity that could be integrated into mobile phones or used for battery power sensors.

I am proposing to use the quantum nature of light to produce 2 individual packets of light called photons which will be at the same wavelength and at the same phase where the peaks and troughs of the waves are at the same points in space as the light travels through a waveguide. Heisenburg's uncertainty principle only allows us to measure the amplitude or the phase of the photons with a specific accuracy and the product is a constant. If we squeeze the phase of the light so that the accuracy in measuring the phase is reduced then we can measure the amplitude more accurately since it is only the product of the two that we cannot measure at a higher accuracy. This quantum approach of squeezing light allows far more sensitive measurements that are forbidden in classical measurement systems.

The project brings together a range of UK companies, government agencies, standards laboratories and universities to deliver the portable current standard and the high sensitivity gas detector. I will be supplying demonstrators to a range of collaborators who will evaluate the performance with successful devices being transferred to UK companies to help develop next generation products. The project will also train 2 research associates and 2 PhD students in quantum technology.

Planned Impact

The quantum technologies being developed in this proposal will deliver both economic and social benefits in the areas of environmental monitoring, safety, standards, security and healthcare. The first beneficiaries are the UK companies who are partners to this proposal. They will gain new technologies and either new or improved products that can be taken to market for improve economic benefit.

The Ministry of Defence (MOD) has an annual procurement budget for technology of circa £18 Bn. DSTL has indicated an MOD requirement for the quantum technologies to be developed in this proposal which includes sub-shot noise portable chemical and biological weapons detectors and gravity imagers. I am engaged with Toshiba to investigate quantum communications systems which could potentially provide completely secure communications for internet commerce thereby reducing crime.

Market surveys undertaken by consultants for the Scottish Enterprise CENSIS project have indicated that the global market for gas detectors utilised for indoor air quality, safety, medical and industrial use was $1.9 bn in 2009, and is forecast to grow to $2.2 bn by 2015. The markets for mid infrared optical sensors are anticipated to reach $2.5 bn by 2015, growing in response to demand for remote devices that are network configurable and accessible. Further, the World Health Organisation estimates that more than two billion illnesses are caused by unsafe food every year, and in the developing world alone, each year 2 million children die from contaminated food and water. In the US, this claims an annual death toll of more than 3000 people, costing up to £35 bn in medical costs and lost productivity. Diarrheal illnesses are one of the leading causes of death worldwide.

Optical measurement techniques in the mid-infrared spectral range are highly specific to individual molecules, however the challenge today is that sources and detectors with the required specification are much too expensive for the realation of practical sensing systems. This project could have a major impact both economically but also socially by producing far cheaper mid-infrared detector technologies on a cheap and easy to manufacture silicon platform that could address the above markets and applications. In doing so there is enormous potential to improve the quality of life across the world through better healthcare provision, better environmental monitoring and security detection of chemical and biological weapons.

The OECD Health Data show that an average of 8.9 % of GDP in developed countries is spent on healthcare costs. The NHS in the UK is already in severe financial problems due to an aging population and increases in healthcare costs as new treatments are implemented for previously incurable illnesses. This proposal is one of many aiming to produce point of care detectors and sensors which can be integrated into portable devices such a mobile phone which would enable personalized medicine with the potential for significant reductions in healthcare costs and improvement in quality of life. Early diagnosis and treatment is key for many diseases for good outcomes and also to reduce the time spent in hospitals. Breath analysis of ammonia is one technique for early state detection of certain tumours in oncology.

Such personalized healthcare detector solutions are urgently needed taking into account the UK and Europe's aging population, the even more demanding constraints on resources and patient empowerment. 2012 estimates on cost savings from m-Health for chronic diseases in OECD countries are valued at 227 - 273 billion Euros worldwide. M-Health was around a 2 billion Euro market in 2012 according to CSMG, and it is expected to grow over the next five years at a 25 percent CAGR.
 
Description I have demonstrated 38% single photon detection efficiency at 1310 nm with a Ge on Si single photon avalanche detector at 125 K. This has been used to demonstrate lidar and range funding with applications for automotive navigation and autonomous vehicles. I have shown that GeSn layers when strained can provide light emission out beyond 4 microns wavelength. This is inside the important window for molecular gas spectroscopy and potentially has applications for methane and CO2 gas detection and identification. The technique opens up the possibility of new sensors with applications for gas detection, environmental monitoring, security monitoring and healthcare. We have also demonstrated 8 nm diameter Si nanowires with transistor performance better than Intel.
Exploitation Route A patent has been awarded and a £8.8M InnovateUK programme has been funded to aid translating the technology to UK industry.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Chemicals,Electronics,Environment,Healthcare,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology,Security and Diplomacy

URL http://userweb.eng.gla.ac.uk/douglas.paul/Publications.html
 
Description A number of the measurement techniques have been used to aid with UK national security and defence. The PI has also been involved as an independent reviewer for the UK Government for counter terrorism capability review and for reviewing the DSTL programme on "Imaging through Obscurants", "Non-lethal weapons" and "Position, Navigation and Timing". A key output with Ge on Si single photon avalanche detectors was patented and the results have resulted in a £8.8M InnovateUK programme being funding and the award of a £5.2M EPSRC programme grant. These awards are with a wide range of UK industry support including BT, Leonardo, DSTL, Kelvin Nanotechnology, Toshiba Cambridge, Bay Photonics and others.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Electronics,Security and Diplomacy
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description Cabinet Office: Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/scientific-advisory-group-for-emergencies-sage
 
Description DSTL Independent Reviewer
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact I am one of 3 independent advisory committee for the DSTL research programme "Seeing Through Obscurants". This is looking at methods to improve security and defence imaging solutions for specific defence and national security requirements.
 
Description DSTL Quantum Radar Meeting
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact This DSTL workshop worked out the benefits and risks of quantum radar and what research work the UK may undertake in this space.
 
Description European Quantum Technology Agenda
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL http://qurope.eu/manifesto
 
Description Home Office Chemical Biological Radiological and Nuclear Scientific Advisory Committee
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact I was involved in advising the Home Secretary on a wide range of counter terrorism and national security related activities. This was during the period of the 7/7 bombing, the shoot to kill policy, the Litvinenko event and many other affairs not in the public domain.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/home-office-science-advisory-council
 
Description MOD Defence Science Expert Committee
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact I have been advising on UK national security at a senior level (Chief Scientific Advisory) in MOD.
 
Description Prof Douglas Paul is a Member of the EPSRC Capital Infrastructure Strategic Advisory Team
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Most of the work has been setting EPSRC policy on capital and infrastructure but also providing input to the UKRI capital roadmap.
URL https://epsrc.ukri.org/research/ourportfolio/themes/researchinfrastructure/strategy/sat/
 
Description Prof Douglas Paul is a Member of the MOD Defence Science Expert Committee
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact As this work is related to UK national security it is not possible to state impacts in the public domain.
 
Description Prof Douglas Paul is a member of the panel undertaking the MOD rf Sensing Review
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact national security review
 
Description Prof Douglas Paul is chairing the MOD Deep Dive Review of Position, Navigation and Timing
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact National security work
 
Description Prof Douglas Paul represented MOD at the Future Position Navigation and Timing Technology Cooperation Programme meeting in the USA
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact national security programme on future position, navigation and timing with UK, USA, Canada, New Zealand and Australia
URL https://www.acq.osd.mil/ttcp/
 
Description Agile Quantum Safe Communications (AQuaSec)
Amount £5,802,830 (GBP)
Funding ID 104615 
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2018 
End 03/2021
 
Description Bid for new Electron-Beam Lithography Tool
Amount £2,000,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P030459/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 06/2019
 
Description DIFFRACT
Amount £1,106,361 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R001529/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2017 
End 02/2019
 
Description InnovateUK Quantum Technology Call
Amount £272,670 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R001774/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2017 
End 04/2018
 
Description micro-crystals Single Photon InfraREd detectors - microSPIRE
Amount € 3,106,381 (EUR)
Funding ID 766955 
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 11/2017 
End 10/2020
 
Title Experimental and simulation study of 1D silicon nanowire transistors using heavily doped channels 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title One dimensional transport in silicon nanowire junction-less field effect transistors 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Description DSTL1 
Organisation Defence Science & Technology Laboratory (DSTL)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Training of PhD student
Collaborator Contribution PhD student shared with University of Oxford to work on Fast, precise electric field sensing using quantum single-electron devices
Impact Preprints for publications
Start Year 2014
 
Description DSTL1 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Training of PhD student
Collaborator Contribution PhD student shared with University of Oxford to work on Fast, precise electric field sensing using quantum single-electron devices
Impact Preprints for publications
Start Year 2014
 
Description DSTL2 
Organisation Defence Science & Technology Laboratory (DSTL)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Training of PhD student to work on A Practical Single-Chip MEMS Microsystem Gravity Sensor
Collaborator Contribution FEC Funding of PhD student and background knowledge for gravity defence problems.
Impact Limited area Ge heterostructure growth for integrated photodetectors for interferometers
Start Year 2014
 
Description DSTL3 
Organisation Defence Science & Technology Laboratory (DSTL)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Training of PhD student on Germanium on Silicon Single Photon Avalanche Detectors
Collaborator Contribution Funding of PhD and use of single photon detection equipment
Impact Single photon detectors using commercial Ge on Si material
Start Year 2014
 
Description DSTL3 
Organisation Heriot-Watt University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Training of PhD student on Germanium on Silicon Single Photon Avalanche Detectors
Collaborator Contribution Funding of PhD and use of single photon detection equipment
Impact Single photon detectors using commercial Ge on Si material
Start Year 2014
 
Description Use of III-V laser diodes 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Use of DFB laser technology
Collaborator Contribution Development of DFB laser technology
Impact Use of DFB technology to aid technology translation of demonstrators
Start Year 2015
 
Title Measurement of acceleration 
Description An acceleration measuring device is disclosed, for use as a gravimeter or gradiometer for example. The device has a support and a proof mass, connected to each other by at flexures allowing displacement of the proof mass relative to the support. The support defines a space for displacement of the proof mass. The device is configured so that the modulus of the gradient of the force-displacement curve of the proof mass decreases with increasing displacement, for at least part of the force-displacement curve. This is the so-called anti-spring effect. The resonant frequency of oscillation of the proof mass is determined at least in part by the orientation of the device relative to the direction of the force due to gravity. The proof mass is capable of oscillating with a resonant frequency of 10 Hz or less. The proof mass has a mass of less than 1 gram. 
IP Reference WO2016030435 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted
Licensed No
Impact This work was reported by over 15 news outlets including BBC radio 4 and the BBC news webpages. There is a Nature publication associated with the results.
 
Title Single photon avalanche detector, method of use therefore and method for its manufacture 
Description The application describes methods of design and fabrication of planar Ge on Si single photon avalanche detectors that produce single photon detection efficiencies up to 38 % at 1310 nm and with after pulsing rates that are at least a factor of 5 below the best commercial InGaAs SPADs under nominally identical operation. 
IP Reference GB1814688.6 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2018
Licensed No
Impact A £8.8M InnovateUK ISCF grant was awarded part of which is to aid the translation of this technology to UK supply chain. The industrial partners include Toshiba Cambridge, BT, Bay Photonics, Dashboard, Keys Quantum Security, NPL, Senetas and Tethered Drone Systems. A further £5.2M EPSRC programme grant has been awarded to take this technology from single pixels to array cameras and to undertake imaging and lidar research.
 
Description Beaconhirst School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A school visit and tour of the James Watt Nanofabrication Centre including a talk on quantum technology, DFB lasers, stem cell hip joint replacements, anti-fouling windows and other nanotechnology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description DSTL PhD workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A one day workshop run by DSTL where all their funded quantum technology students presented their work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Glasgow Rotary Club talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact I gave a talk on nano electronics and nanotechnology to Glasgow Rotary Club. This included some quantum technology, DFB lasers for the internet and stem cell self-repairing hip joint replacements.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Meeting with BAE Systems Andy Wright 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This meeting with BAE Systems including discussions on different aspects of quantum technology including quantum imaging, DFB lasers for quantum technology, navigation and a range of other security and defence applications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Meeting with Bridgeporth (Gary Barnes) and Tullow Oil (Gareth O'Brien) to discuss MEMS gravimeters 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Both Bridgeporth and Tullow Oil came to provide gravimeter requirements for petrochemical gravity surveys and under an NDA to understand the MEMS gravimeter capability at Glasgow. Plans were discussed about sponsoring a PhD student and this was funded with a student starting in October 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Meeting with Chris Doran from ARM 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Meeting with ARM to discuss opportunities for quantum technology collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Meeting with GSK - George Tuckwell 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A meeting with George Tuckwell from GSK to understand their requirements for gravity imaging and detection with regard to quantum technology. Updates were given for the MEMS and other QT gravity work at Glasgow.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Meeting with Gary Barnes of Bridgeporth 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This was a meeting to discuss MEMS gravitational imaging with regard to petrochemical prospecting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Meeting with Gooch and Housego - Mark Farries 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussions on quantum technology with Gooch and Housego. These discussions included photonic packaging of DFB lasers and other quantum technology components.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Meeting with Kaiam - Henk Bulthuis 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussion with Kaiam about Si photonics with heterogeneously integrated DFB lasers for telecoms and similar approaches for quantum technology around 780 nm. An NDA and joint development agreement was signed after this meeting to develop silicon nitride waveguide platform technology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Meeting with Keysight 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Visit and meeting with Keysight to discuss quantum technology. Keysight presented their future roadmap for quantum technology and Douglas Paul presented the Quantic QT Hub and the UK National QT Hub on Sensors and Metrology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Meeting with M Squared Lasers, Kelvin Nanotechnology, Optocap and telephone call with University of Birmingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A meeting to develop an InnovateUK proposal to develop integrated locking interferometers for DFB lasers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Meeting with National Physical Laboratory CEO Pete Thompson 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a meeting with the CEO of the National Physical Laboratory, Pete Thompson to discuss collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Meeting with Optocap - Stephen Duffy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussions on a range of packaging solutions for MEMS and DFB laser quantum technology work
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Meeting with Optocap to discuss subcontract work 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This was a visit from Stephen Duffy of Optocap to discuss potential collaborations and subcontract work. There was also a discussion of partnership QT proposals and Innovate UK proposals.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Meeting with QinetiQ - Jeremy Ward and Gillian Marshall 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussions with QinetiQ on potential quantum technology collaborations on MEMS gravimeters, imaging and photonic techniques.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Meeting with US DoD representative on secondment to the MOD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This was a meeting with the US DoD representative to MOD who was interested to see the quantum technology work at Glasgow. This meeting was arranged by the Government Office of Science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Outreach talk on nanotechnology and quantum technology at Glasgow Rotary Club 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was an outreach talk to the Glasgow Rotary Club which in predominantly business people. The topic was nanotechnology, photonics, quantum technology and the impact on the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Portculis House Quantum Technology Roundtable 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I attended a workshop at Portculis House organised by GO Science to discuss the potential for quantum technology uses by Government and translational routes through UK companies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Quantum Technology Research at the University of Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact I presented at the InnovateUK and Technology Scotland event on the Compound Semiconductor Catapult on the 4th May 2016 at SVS200 in Glasgow. The talk was to over 50 Uk companies involved with compound semiconductors in the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description US Department of Energy and Whitehouse Science Policy Unit visit to Glasgow and tour of the James Watt Nanofabrication Centre. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact High level visit from the US Department of Energy including the Chief Information Officer, Chief Scientist, Head of Advanced Scientific Computing, Chief Information Officer, and UK MOD Liaison Officer. Also a policy advisor from the US White House Policy Unit also attended. Talks were given on the UK Quantum Technology Hub for Sensors and Metrology and the Quantic QT Hub.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Visit from Hitachi Cambridge Research Laboratory - Fernando Gonzalez-Zalba 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussions with Hitachi about potential collaborations on nanowires for current standards and qubits for quantum simulators, quantum computing and quantum information processing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Visit to Gooch and Housego - Mark Farries 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact I visited Gooch and Housego to determine their photonics packaging capability for DFB lasers for the UK Quantum Technology Hub in Sensors and Metrology and for packaged lasers for my EPSRC Quantum Technology Fellowship.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Visit to IBM Rushlikon, Switzerland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact I gave a talk on the Si nanowires for quantum technology at IBM Rushlikon in Switzerland. There were significant discussions about potential EC project collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Visit to Kaiam 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Visit to Kaiam production facility in Livingston, Scotland. Discussions on joint collaborative work was started.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Visit to UTC Silicon Sensors in Plymouth 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussions with UTC Silicon Sensing about MEMS gravimeters and potential opportunities for collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016