Whole systems understanding of unavoidable food supply chain wastes for re-nutrition

Lead Research Organisation: University of York
Department Name: Chemistry

Abstract

Planet Earth is under severe stress due to imbalances in production, consumption, abuse and misuse of natural and man-made resources and, poor climate control. Our resources will be further stretched as global population increases from 7 billion today to over 9 billion by 2050. Industrialised nations are resource intensive societies heavily reliant of crude oil (petroleum) and gas for their energy, chemical and material needs based on traditional manufacturing processes. However, crude oil is a finite resource and its continued use represents a major environmental burden. Thus, development of new manufacturing processes and technologies based on alternative feedstocks, i.e., biobased and ideally produced as a waste or currently under-utilised, within the confines of a sustainable circular economy is of paramount importance nationally and globally.

Food and drink is the largest manufacturing sector in the UK, employing approximately 400,000 people with a turnover of £76 billion. Food manufacturing is a complex process that is in the main linear- rather than circular-thinking. A staggering 9.9 million tonnes of food waste and food by-products are generated per year in the food industry alone, of which 56% is considered unavoidable. Unavoidable food supply chain wastes (UFSCW) lost after harvest and along the distribution and consumption chain have a dual negative environmental impact: undue pressure on natural resources and ecosystem services and pollution through food discards. However, current strategies for dealing with UFSCW are rudimentary and of low value: these include waste to energy (including incineration and anaerobic digestion), where possible; animal feed and bedding; compositing; ploughing back in to soil; and, least preferable, landfill. UFSCW is unique as a bioresource: this readily available biomass contains a treasure trove of unexploited, bio-based materials and chemicals, with a range of potential commercial applications.

Our aim is to develp a whole 'systems' understanding of upgrading and re-utilisation of unavoidable food supply chain wastes, [namely: brewers' spent grain; pea vine waste; out of specification citrus fruits; and out of specification potatoes], as a source of functional food ingredients. These four feedstocks are representative examples such that our methodologies and findings will be applicable to a wider range of feedstocks. Furthermore, key performance indicators such as amount of waste, pattern of generation, possible contamination with other food waste, seasonality, etc. will be used to develop an appropriate whole system thinking around food waste collection, reprocessing, and production of new food products.

The ultimate objective of our proposed research is to achieve a whole systems thinking "closed-loop" manufacturing of food products, with all input materials fully utilised. The ramifications and any unintended consequences associated with the proposed alternatives will be assessed, at an industry level, working with previously identified partners, and within a broader scope, determining the consequences of these changes in the entire UK food manufacturing sector, linking into the work of the highly networked EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacturing in Food.

Planned Impact

The impact of our research will be beneficial to UK Plc across various stakeholders and sectors (industry, academia, governmental, non-governmental organisations) and at a global level. It will enable accelerated change in sustainable future manufacturing.

The work will impact directly into outreach and dissemination activities of FoodWasteNet, EU COST Action of food waste valorisation (Clark, Lead) and will be linked to the 'National Centre' activities of the CIM, which has a broad outreach span to companies through its membership list, good collaborative contact with Campden BRI and the new Food Innovation Network (DEFRA). Scale up opportunities will be explored with good connections with the new National Formulation Centre (CPI), BEACON, BIOVALE and IFR. We will build relationships with WRAP and look to promote our findings with them. Further networking and dissemination is expected via commercial partners with open innovation or business development interests. Also relationships are being established with overseas partners for science and innovation capacity building, through bids to the Newton Fund. Our work will impact the Food Valley (The Netherlands), the World Food System Centre at ETH (Switzerland), Food-Processing Initiative (Germany) and The Riddet Institute (New Zealand) as we plan to have site visits and share and disseminate best practice in food processing and manufacturing.

We will interact with Innovate UK Knowledge Transfer Networks, seek to stimulate Knowledge Transfer Partnerships with industry. Our international visits and secondments will ensure UK academics are well placed to establish a 'global leadership' in food waste management. One of the key aspiration of UKTi is to develop many knowledge centres in the UK that leads to exporting high value manufacturing technologies.

The proposed research will deliver national and global impact as it is timely and aligns with the 2015 HM Government report 'Building a high value bioeconomy - opportunities from waste' which highlights the potential to convert underutilised wastes, for example UFSCW, into high value products. The Chemistry Growth Partnership's, "Chemistry at Work" strategy sector reports utilising biomass or waste as a raw material provides/delivers benefits of £8 billion and potential to grow the gross value added (GVA) of the sector from £195 bn to £300 bn by 2030. The 2013 Foresight Project looking at the long-term picture for the UK manufacturing sector between now and 2050 highlights four key areas commensurate with our proposal: i. more responsive processes, 'closer' to customers; ii. exposed to new markets; iii. more sustainable, and iv. more dependent on skilled workers. The Teagasc Technology Foresight 2035 final report, "Technology Transforming Irish Agrifood and Bioeconomy" specifically highlights a positive vision for Irish farming based on greater added value in the food processing sector coupled with new economic opportunities associated with the efficient use of waste and the extraction of biological raw materials in a circular bioeconomy. In 2013, the Knowledge Transfer Network and the Food and Drink Federation published ten pre-competitive research priority areas for Food and Drink, including 'Waste Minimisation' and 'New and Smarter Ingredients'. Our research aligns with the UN Sustainable Development Goals, in particular Goal 12, which serves to minimise environmental impact of wastes, better utilisation and management within the context of circular economy principles.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description This has been an EPSRC funded project (Ref EP/P008771/1) for two years as a collaboration between University of York (Lead Partner), University of Nottingham and Loughborough University. Other stakeholders have included 4 industrial partners to advise on and supply the 4 food waste streams identified in the project proposal: Brewery Waste, Citrus Fruit, Pea Vine and Potato Waste, namely Molson Coors, Chingford Fruits, the Green Pea Company and Branstons respectively. Nestle have also been a partner, but only in an advisory capacity and have not supplied any feedstock. Other, non-food manufacturing partners on the advisory board have been Anthesis, Anglia Science Writing Ltd, Link2Energy, New Food Innovation and WRAP.
The overall aim of the collaboration was one of Whole Systems Change in the food and drink manufacturing sector with respect to dealing with the generation of Unavoidable Food Supply Chain Waste (UFSCW). The current practice to avoid landfill are generally energy generation, anaerobic digestion, compost and animal feed; the aim being to generate materials and products instead - ideally for re-introduction to the food supply chain.
The project involved the development and modelling of new products and supporting hnologies and processes, as well as the barriers and logistic involved in substituting existing practices and the overall environmental impact of these changes.
Subsequently, this work has been organised into 4 separate, but not independent, tasks. Task 1 began by generating a high resolution understanding of UFSCW generation in terms of what is generated, where it is generated and when as opposed to the more 'homogenous' figures more generally available. This is in order to provide a more accurate baseline to work with. Task 2 proceeded to focus on the development of new processes to generate high value materials from UFSCW, the assessment of the effectiveness of these processes and the physico-chemical properties of the materials generated. Task 3 involved using the data from the new processes generated in Task 2 to evaluate their environmental performance compared to conventional industrial practices using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Finally, the aim of WP 4 was to consider how the learnings from previous work packages could be successfully applied at a supply chain level, taking into account the readiness of the technologies required for valorisation, the fit of the valorisation process with company strategy, broader unintended consequences (for example, impacts of the valorised products on patterns of farming and food security implications) as well as wider societal and technological barriers to uptake.

Overall, 8 key outcomes and evidence-based deliverables associated with the project were achieved:
1. A thorough understanding of the amount of food being under-utilised in the industry through bespoke waste flow modelling.
2. Reduction of waste in the food industry sector, associated with decreased environmental, economic and social impact of food waste.
3. An increase in the efficiency of the production of food (i.e. doing more with less).
4. Physico-chemical properties and in-product performance of a range of new, natural, food/feed ingredients derived from feedstock materials selected for this study.
5. Development of flexible/multipurpose working lab-scale prototype systems that can take a manufacturing food waste and convert it into useful upcycled materials that lead towards and beyond TRL 3.
6. An understanding of the milestones the food industry must overcome to implement the proposed changes.
7. High level reports and policy documents with insight from WRAP, Anthesis Consulting Group, that serve as future drivers for change within the context of responsible innovation and ensure appropriate dissemination, and
8. Alignment with HvM Catapults e.g. CPI, for scalable solutions from the research outputs leading towards and beyond TRL3.

A Sustainable Waste Valorisation Identifier (SWaVI) tool has been developed by Loughborough University which enables companies to map out their supply chain and internal processes to identify where and how waste is occurring, what valorisation opportunities exist for that waste and what TRL, Brand Fit, Social, Economic and Environmental indicators should be used to assess each valorisation opportunity.

Two Case Studies have been produced.
Exploitation Route Two professionally produced case studies have been developed that provide a rapid overview of valorisation of unavoidable food supply chain wastes, namely citrus and pea vine wastes. The case studies are produced comprising infographics and key data fit for purposee for a wide range of practititioners. Theese documents will serve as potential policy-drivers, investment oppotrtunities and stimulate further (global) research.
A Sustainable Waste Valorisation Identifier (SWaVI) tool has developed by Loughborough Universitywhich enables companies to map out their supply chain and internal processes to identify where and how waste is occurring, what valorisation opportunities exist for that waste and what TRL, Brand Fit, Social, Economic and Environmental indicators should be used to assess each valorisation opportunity. The tool can be used be industry, both large and small.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Energy,Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Government, Democracy and Justice,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Retail

URL https://www.york.ac.uk/chemistry/research/green/research/projects/re-sauce/
 
Description Two Case Studies (citrus and pea vine wastes) have been developed which are enabling practitioners to make informed decision about their waste arisings. The Sustainable Waste Valorisation Identifier (SWaVI) developed by Loughborough University has enabled companies within the prject consortium to map out their supply chain and internal processes to identify where and how waste is occurring, what valorisation opportunities exist for that waste and what TRL, Brand Fit, Social, Economic and Environmental indicators should be used to assess each valorisation opportunity. We have engaged with influential policy advisors such as WRAP. We held a workshop of Responsible Innovation and Metrics mid year which was folloowed by by a specialist talk at end of year dissemination meeting. We have actively encouraged Postgarduate MSc projects (x6) to be enabled as a result of this work and dissseminated research in to MSc teaching.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Retail
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description British council Newton Fund Researcher Links Workshop Grant: 2018-RLWK10-10480
Amount £29,100 (GBP)
Funding ID 2018-RLWK10-10480 
Organisation University of York 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 12/2019
 
Description External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) Members 
Organisation Anthesis Consulting Group PLC
PI Contribution The research team are providing collaborative research expertise to deliver new solutions to their current practices and processes. The team meets with collaborators on a formal quaterly basis and on an 'as you need' basis in between.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have provided access to high level company information needed to propose a whole systems change. Access to materials and data. High level intelligence on industry and sector needs. The partners are part of our External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) where Pathways to Inpact and exploitation strategies are discussed. The collaborators have given us an inroad to WRAP who are now members of the EAPPG. The collaborators have shared best practice models and also alerted us to potential pitfalls for the betterment of the project.
Impact Annual Meeting - End of year 1 dissemination event
Start Year 2017
 
Description External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) Members 
Organisation Branston Limited
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The research team are providing collaborative research expertise to deliver new solutions to their current practices and processes. The team meets with collaborators on a formal quaterly basis and on an 'as you need' basis in between.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have provided access to high level company information needed to propose a whole systems change. Access to materials and data. High level intelligence on industry and sector needs. The partners are part of our External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) where Pathways to Inpact and exploitation strategies are discussed. The collaborators have given us an inroad to WRAP who are now members of the EAPPG. The collaborators have shared best practice models and also alerted us to potential pitfalls for the betterment of the project.
Impact Annual Meeting - End of year 1 dissemination event
Start Year 2017
 
Description External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) Members 
Organisation Chingford Fruit Limited
PI Contribution The research team are providing collaborative research expertise to deliver new solutions to their current practices and processes. The team meets with collaborators on a formal quaterly basis and on an 'as you need' basis in between.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have provided access to high level company information needed to propose a whole systems change. Access to materials and data. High level intelligence on industry and sector needs. The partners are part of our External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) where Pathways to Inpact and exploitation strategies are discussed. The collaborators have given us an inroad to WRAP who are now members of the EAPPG. The collaborators have shared best practice models and also alerted us to potential pitfalls for the betterment of the project.
Impact Annual Meeting - End of year 1 dissemination event
Start Year 2017
 
Description External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) Members 
Organisation Link2Energy Limited
PI Contribution The research team are providing collaborative research expertise to deliver new solutions to their current practices and processes. The team meets with collaborators on a formal quaterly basis and on an 'as you need' basis in between.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have provided access to high level company information needed to propose a whole systems change. Access to materials and data. High level intelligence on industry and sector needs. The partners are part of our External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) where Pathways to Inpact and exploitation strategies are discussed. The collaborators have given us an inroad to WRAP who are now members of the EAPPG. The collaborators have shared best practice models and also alerted us to potential pitfalls for the betterment of the project.
Impact Annual Meeting - End of year 1 dissemination event
Start Year 2017
 
Description External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) Members 
Organisation Molson Coors
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The research team are providing collaborative research expertise to deliver new solutions to their current practices and processes. The team meets with collaborators on a formal quaterly basis and on an 'as you need' basis in between.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have provided access to high level company information needed to propose a whole systems change. Access to materials and data. High level intelligence on industry and sector needs. The partners are part of our External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) where Pathways to Inpact and exploitation strategies are discussed. The collaborators have given us an inroad to WRAP who are now members of the EAPPG. The collaborators have shared best practice models and also alerted us to potential pitfalls for the betterment of the project.
Impact Annual Meeting - End of year 1 dissemination event
Start Year 2017
 
Description External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) Members 
Organisation Nestlé UK
PI Contribution The research team are providing collaborative research expertise to deliver new solutions to their current practices and processes. The team meets with collaborators on a formal quaterly basis and on an 'as you need' basis in between.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have provided access to high level company information needed to propose a whole systems change. Access to materials and data. High level intelligence on industry and sector needs. The partners are part of our External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) where Pathways to Inpact and exploitation strategies are discussed. The collaborators have given us an inroad to WRAP who are now members of the EAPPG. The collaborators have shared best practice models and also alerted us to potential pitfalls for the betterment of the project.
Impact Annual Meeting - End of year 1 dissemination event
Start Year 2017
 
Description External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) Members 
Organisation New Food Innovation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The research team are providing collaborative research expertise to deliver new solutions to their current practices and processes. The team meets with collaborators on a formal quaterly basis and on an 'as you need' basis in between.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have provided access to high level company information needed to propose a whole systems change. Access to materials and data. High level intelligence on industry and sector needs. The partners are part of our External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) where Pathways to Inpact and exploitation strategies are discussed. The collaborators have given us an inroad to WRAP who are now members of the EAPPG. The collaborators have shared best practice models and also alerted us to potential pitfalls for the betterment of the project.
Impact Annual Meeting - End of year 1 dissemination event
Start Year 2017
 
Description External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) Members 
Organisation The Green Pea Company
PI Contribution The research team are providing collaborative research expertise to deliver new solutions to their current practices and processes. The team meets with collaborators on a formal quaterly basis and on an 'as you need' basis in between.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have provided access to high level company information needed to propose a whole systems change. Access to materials and data. High level intelligence on industry and sector needs. The partners are part of our External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) where Pathways to Inpact and exploitation strategies are discussed. The collaborators have given us an inroad to WRAP who are now members of the EAPPG. The collaborators have shared best practice models and also alerted us to potential pitfalls for the betterment of the project.
Impact Annual Meeting - End of year 1 dissemination event
Start Year 2017
 
Description External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) Members 
Organisation Waste and Resources Action Programme
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The research team are providing collaborative research expertise to deliver new solutions to their current practices and processes. The team meets with collaborators on a formal quaterly basis and on an 'as you need' basis in between.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have provided access to high level company information needed to propose a whole systems change. Access to materials and data. High level intelligence on industry and sector needs. The partners are part of our External Advisory Project Partner Group (EAPPG) where Pathways to Inpact and exploitation strategies are discussed. The collaborators have given us an inroad to WRAP who are now members of the EAPPG. The collaborators have shared best practice models and also alerted us to potential pitfalls for the betterment of the project.
Impact Annual Meeting - End of year 1 dissemination event
Start Year 2017
 
Description 3rd UK Hydrocolloids symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Three of the project team researchers attended this symposium at the University of Nottingham. The theme of the symposium was "Hydrocolloid structures determining functionality" and aims were to promote the exchange of ideas between disciplines for hydrocolloid applications. This symposium was an opportunity for interaction with academics and industrial colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/conference/fac-sci/biosciences/3rdukhydrocolloidsymposium/index.aspx
 
Description Annual Dissemination Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Systems Change Thinking - Creating Value from Unavoidable Food Supply Chain Wastes, Tuesday 16th January 2018
Gateway Building (B01,02), Sutton Bonington Campus, University of Nottingham
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.eventbrite.com/e/systems-change-thinking-creating-value-from-unavoidable-food-supply-cha...
 
Description Beyond the Lab: Developing your Industrial Biotechnology Career - Guillermo Garcia-Garcia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Attended the conference 'Beyond the Lab: Developing your Industrial Biotechnology Career', organised by Cogent Skills. The objective of the event was to show possible careers outside of the university laboratory
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://biocatnet.com/wp-content/uploads/2nd-NiBB-Conference-2018-Beyond-the-Lab-Programme.pdf
 
Description Chemistry Growth Partnerships: Chemistry Sector Deal: By invitation only 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact We have been in discussion with the Chemistry Growth Partnership (now known as the Chemistry Council) to develop a sector deal for chemistry. A series of meetings have taken palce to develop and agenda and policy which features four key areas: sustaianble materials, green chemistry, digistisation and energy, all within a framework of circular economy. Waste as resource features prominently and our work on systems change will be influential both in terms of technologies developed but also, life-cycle thinking.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL https://ukchemistrygrowth.com/
 
Description EcoBalance 2018 conference - Guillermo Garcia-Garcia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact One ofthe project researchers gave a 20-minute presentation at EcoBalance 2018. Presentation title: Analysis of the environmental impact of industrial food waste management by Life-Cycle Assessment - A case study.

Flash presentation given at the Young Reseachers Meeting at EcoBalance 2018. Presentation title: Framework for valorisation of food waste materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.ecobalance2018.org/
 
Description Engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As part of 'ONE PLANET WEEK' 85 delegates from the local region attended an evening presentation on "From Brown to Green Chemsitry: sustainability, waste and the circular economy'. Several questions were fielded around life cycle assessment, economics and practicalities. Follow up dicussions with local teachers and businesses have resulted.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/news-and-events/events/public-lectures/spring-18/brown-to-green/
 
Description Exploring new methods and technologies to unlock the full value of food waste - Academic insight 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An online magazine article for the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (Academic Insight - April 2017) was published with Professor Shahin Rahimifard as author. Contributors to this article were Guillermo Garcia-Garcia and Jamie Stone. The article was titled 'Exploring new methods and technologies to unlock the full value of food waste'. The purpose was to stimulate interest in the reuse of food waste and circular economy in food production. This article would be read by members of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and others accessing their website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.imeche.org/news/news-article/academic-insight-april-2017
 
Description Food waste utilization SME halfday workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The university's ERDF funded enabling innovation team organised a workshop for local SMEs on the topic of food waste utilisation. I was invited to present a talk on the Applications of Food Waste which included promoting the ReSAUCE project and our Systems Change Thinking conference. Interesting conversations in the breaks about possible uses for some of the delegates waste streams and tracking systems across the whole food chain.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/biosciences/documents/business/food-innovation-centre/food-waste-utilis...
 
Description FoodWasteNet: Opportunities for food by-product valorisation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact One of the project team researchers attended an all-encompassing one-day event for bio-based professionals from industry, and established academic researchers, interested in innovations in the valorisation of food waste and use of anaerobic digestion. Discussion covered challenges in this area and the experiences of industry and academia at providing solutions.
Event-exclusive project funding, up to £10k, was announced for joint industry/academia projects that look to provide innovative solutions to problems (terms and conditions apply).
The event was hosted by Scottish Enterprise in collaboration with IBioIC, FoodWasteNet and AD Network (BBSRC)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.foodwastenet.org/events/opps-for-food-by-product-valorisation/
 
Description Invited International Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Innaugural invited lecture at the 4th International Congress on Green Chemistry and Engineering, University of Neuvo Leon, Monterey, Mexico. A talk on 'Green Chemistry: Future Perspectives' was delivered to an audience of 2300 participants. Discusions were held with senior staff, students (in fact, an additional 1 hour question and answer session was held with 300 students the following day) and businesses. A meeting with 'StarJuice Ltd' was arranged as a result of talk. Starjuice generate large volumes of unavoidable citrus wastes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://eventos.uanl.mx/congreso_verde/conferencistas_invitados.html
 
Description Loughborough University Research Conference - Guillermo Garcia-Garcia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference. Presentation given by one of the project researchers, entitled "Food waste to food - challenges and opportunities". Poster presented: "Analysis of waste streams and their life cycle impact in food manufacturing industries".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.lboro.ac.uk/services/doctoral-college/training-events/research-conference/
 
Description Manufacturing Food Futures Conference 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Shahin Rahimifard chaired at the Manufacturing Food Futures Conference in Birmingham (30-31 March 2017) as the annual conference of the EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacturing in Food. The purpose was to present research ideas to a professional audience and engage with industry. Interest was stimulated in 'Systems Change'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/biosciences/news/third-annual-manufacturing-food-futures-conference.asp...
 
Description Manufacturing Food Futures Conference 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Project team members attended and some gave talks at the Manufacturing Food Futures 2017 Conference at the University of Birmingham. The two-day Conference had 134 delegates and brought together representatives from the food and drink industry, government and academia. The conference provided a platform to disseminate early project research findings on pea vine waste, systematic methodologies for sustainable management of food waste and also provided an opportunity to contribute to discussions on future opportunities for the UK's food manufacturing sector.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.manufacturingfoodfutures.com/documents/programme-manufacuring-food-futures-2017.pdf
 
Description N8 AgriFood Annual Conference - Tom Dugmore 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Tom Dugmore attended the N8AgriFood annual conference 13-14 June 2018 at the Hilton hotel in Liverpool brought researchers, industry and external stakeholders together to review innovative approaches in food systems and sustainability.

Themes running through the conference include:
Post - Brexit food systems and the environment
Changing consumer behaviour
Social innovation in food poverty
Urban and vertical farming
Food safety and nutrition in African urban settings
Food waste & bioeconomies
New technologies in food manufacturing and processing
Food systems in the Global South
Food safety and resilience in supply chains
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://n8agrifoodconference2018.com/
 
Description New industrial engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Minor, Weir and Willis Limited, Birmingham, is an SME fruiyt and vegetable distributor serving some of UK's largest supermarkets. They significant waste volumes during sorting and bagging. The engagement with the company was at CEO and Senior Management level to share our project findings in order to help their business reduce and valorise its waste arisings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description Nottingham SciBar Pub Talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Shahin Rahimifard gave a pub talk for a Nottingham SciBar event titled 'How to Feed 9 Billion People in 2050?' on 25 October 2017. The purpose was to stimulate interest and discussion in research on sustainability in food. For a write-up by one of the attendees see https://www.leftlion.co.uk/read/2017/october/nottingham-scibar-october-vat-and-fiddle-british-science-association-shahin-rahimifard-food
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.meetup.com/Nottingham-SciBar/events/244007956/
 
Description Resauce Project Final Dissemination Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Final dissemination event held at Iniversity of York. Case studies on citrus, pea vines and LCA were presented. Talks from industry were received. A talk on Responsible Ino=novation was given by an External Speaker.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description SuperPro Designer Training 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Three project team researchers attended training in process design software to aid communication with industry and develop process metrics to demonstrate process improvements through the project work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.foodwastenet.org/events/3-4-july-2017/
 
Description Sustainability Metrics: Tracking, Measuring and Reporting Responsible Innovation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 'Sustainability Metrics: Tracking, Measuring and Reporting Responsible Innovation' was a one-day workshop on responsible innovation and was organised by the project team. This workshop was planned in the project proposal in the project's pathways to impact strategy for training and education. One of the project researchers gave an invited 30-minute presentationon 'Waste is a Resource - Significance of LCA in the Circular Economy.'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/chemistry/research/green/events/sustainabilitymetrics/
 
Description Sustainable Management or Food Waste: Challenges and Opportunities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Conference to explore the sustainable management of food waste in the healthcare, retail, and hospitality sectors. I gave one of the talks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.northampton.ac.uk/news/uks-massive-food-waste-problem-to-be-tackled/
 
Description The Global Food Security (GFS) Programme Policy Lab - Jamie Stone 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The purpose of this policy lab was to explore the the determinants of food choice and the combinations of interventions across these which would have the most impact in encouraging healthier and more sustainable diets in the UK. It was a competitive application process which in the end saw 20 post graduate researchers from a variety of disciplines come together. After presentations from each of the researchers, in which Jamie presented on "linking diet and better ways of valorising food waste", workshop members formed groups to prepare briefing reports for policy makers detailing recommendations for key areas of intervention at a national scale. Work from JS and his team focused on school based interventions for sustainable and healthy diets. The novelty of the reports produced int his workshop were that they synthesized input from Jamie's food waste perspective, as well as from the agricultural and health and nutrition and social sciences backgrounds of other attendees to produce truly multidisciplinary recommendations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://bbsrc.ukri.org/funding/filter/2018-ecr-policy-lab-on-the-determinants-of-food-choice-for-hea...
 
Description Total Food 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation of research results (title: "Valorisation of Pea Harvest Residues for use as Functional Food Ingredients: Post-Harvest Treatment of Pea Haulm for the Preservation of Nutrients") led to discussions with other delegates and enabled promotion of the ReSAUCE organised Systems Change Thinking conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://totalfood2017.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Session-5.03-Rhianna-Briars.pdf
 
Description Training course 'Life Cycle Assessment modelling of solid waste systems' - Guillermo Garcia-Garcia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Guillermo attended a training session organised by DTU Environment, Technical University of Denmark. The main benefit was learning different aspects of using LCA to model waste management systems. Attendees were PhD students and post-doctoral researchers. There were also a number of networking opportunities throughout the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.easetech.dk/
 
Description Valorising field wastes - the next steps? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This was an event organised by FoodWasteNet at which one of the project's researchers presented a poster on valorising field wastes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/valorising-field-wastes-the-next-steps-registration-48560716410#
 
Description Waste and Resource Management Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Conference for researchers, academics and industry professionals. Its aim was to give researchers a valuable platform to share their work and network with fellow researchers helping to foster new collaborations and inspire new research themes. It included include oral and poster presentations on a wide range of topics related to waste and resource management.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://stem.open.ac.uk/research/conferences-and-events/waste-and-resource-management-conference-2017