Embedded Integrated Intelligent Systems for Manufacturing

Lead Research Organisation: Loughborough University
Department Name: Wolfson Sch of Mech, Elec & Manufac Eng

Abstract

This proposal seeks to provide a platform for strategic research and impact activities within the embedded integrated intelligent systems (EIIS) domain. This research area covers all aspects of designing and developing products and processes that can demonstrate adaptation and learning (i.e. in terms of self - organising, adapting, configuring, optimising, protecting and healing), at the system or service level based upon intelligent sensing and actuation at the granularity of the individual components. The multidisciplinary nature of the domain is challenging since successful deployment and adoption within the harsh industrial environment requires advancements in several areas (e.g. (1) materials, antennae design, embedded power sources, energy harvesting, real-time software architectures, embedded processing and robust wireless communications protocols at the device level and (2) optimisation, visualisation, analytics, machine learning and digital manufacturing at the systems science and services level).

The EIIS group at Loughborough University was founded in 2007 and currently comprises 35 staff (academics (A), post doctoral research associates (PDRA) and postgraduate research students (PhD)). This proposal will enable the team to develop the EIIS strategic research agenda in line with industrial collaborators' (e.g. automotive, electronics, aerospace, sport, healthcare and end of life processing), EPSRC and Government strategies via "ideas factory" colloquia, short-term feasibility studies into "hot topics" and multi-disciplinary responsive-mode submissions to funding bodies (e.g. EPSRC, innovateUK, EU, APC/BIS, Wellcome).

The funding will also support the development of a pipeline of expertise in EIIS for UK industry and academia. Undergraduates will be supported via internships in industry or academia to expose the next generation of talent to the EIIS opportunities and challenges and also provide research resource for junior members of the EIIS group. Current EIIS members will also be funded to attend technical, business and innovation courses provided by academia and / or industry and encouraged to take long term (i.e. 3 month) sabbaticals within industry and alternative world leading academic or technology transfer institutions to enable the group to identify best global practices and determine relevant benchmarks for success of the research.

Planned Impact

UK Plc, in particular the automotive, aerospace, electronics, energy and ICT sectors (i.e. current collaborator domains) will benefit from reductions in cost & time and improvements in quality afforded by the deployment of products and processes comprising embedded intelligent components and services. Healthcare providers will benefit from the transfer of relevant performance monitoring components & services to chronic (e.g. renal, cardiovascular, diabetes) and rehabilitation from injury domains. Transport authorities and local government will also benefit from the deployment of next generation personalised transport components and services that are integrated with in-vehicle and Digital Cities information systems. (Note: the deployment of next generation electric bicycles is the focus of current EIIS embedded intelligence research sponsored by Ford).
The Engagement with Catapults (e.g. Digital, High Value Manufacturing, Energy Systems), High Speed Sustainable Manufacturing Institute (HSSMI) (the Chief Technology Officer Dr. Axel Bindel was a member of EIIS from 2008-2012) and the Manufacturing Technology Centre (MTC) (the Informatics leader Dr. Lina Huertas as a member of EIIS from 2007-2011) will ensure that outcomes of EIIS research can be integrated with and evaluated at higher TRL/MRL levels projects / demonstrators. Prof. West (as a member of the Strategy Board) and Dr. Mason are responsible for LU engagement with the Advanced Propulsion Centre funded Digital Engineering and Test Centre located within Loughborough University in London which will ensure that EIIS strategy is aligned with opportunities within next generation propulsion systems design and manufacture and development is autonomous vehicles. Note: DE&Tc Board comprises Directors of Ford, Maclaren, Cosworth, Ford New Holland, Ricardo, AVL, Autodesk and the gaming industries.
The general public will benefit from more cost efficient, reliable products and the improved health benefits (via improved services from healthcare providers and the adoption of healthier lifestyles promoted by, for example, electric bicycles at the home, hospital or rented within city centres) that exploitation of intelligent performance monitoring components and services can provide. Deployment of intelligent embedded components within energy / materials usage applications with the manufacturing supply chain and throughout product / process lifecycles will result in optimised resource utilisation and subsequent reductions in greenhouse gas emissions improved end of life services and processes. Loughborough University enterprise will benefit from increased consultancy, marketing and exploitation of the components and services via commercial activities.
Dissemination of the results via networking (LU, LUiL, HSSMI and the MTC) at and outreach events (including popular science conferences, fairs, National Science Week) open to industry, academia and the public and the development of interactive website linked to various social media will ensure awareness is maximised. This will be supported via international, national and local TV and radio via the University's public relations office. All EIIS Group members will be involved in impact activities with collaborative partners in industry, catapults and academia. Dissemination will be via national and international academic and trade conferences, journals, REF case studies and standards organisations (e.g. ISO, IEEE, ASME, PAS, ADHESA). Targeted journals include IJPR, IJCIM, I.Mech. E. Part B and Part O, ISR, RESS, IEEE Trans and IEEE sponsored ECTC, ESTC, IEMTS, EPTC, ECIS, ESREL and EMAP conferences. Newsletters and brochures will be published and distributed to attendees and visitors. An IP register will log all IP, patents, registered designs and processes and licensed / exploited via current (e.g. EIIS, SmartWeights, Trakk-IT) or additional spin out companies as appropriate.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Consultancy project about RFID tags
Amount £3,000 (GBP)
Organisation Centre for Process Innovation (CPI) 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2018 
End 05/2018
 
Description Biochemical studies on devices manufactured for the catalysis of a prodrug 
Organisation Cancer Research UK
Department Edinburgh Cancer Research UK Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We designed, manufactured and characterised the devices for the Edinburgh team to test their catalytic potency and test in invitro conditions in their labs.
Collaborator Contribution PDRA time (approx 20%fte for 1 years), access to reagents, equipment, tissue cultures and bioengineering labs.
Impact 1 international journal paper published in the RSC New Chemistry Journal, doi: 10.1039/C8NJ05704D
Start Year 2017
 
Title Decision Support Ontology for Remanufacturing 
Description An RDF/OWL ontology defining service inputs, outputs, requirements and relationships of each component of a remanufacturing environment, including the reasoning of value versus cost of remanufacture. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact An RDF representation of linked data can be stored on the web, validated, rapidly reasoned and accessed remotely through the use of the SPARQL query and update languages. 
 
Title Hololens Tracking Web Service 
Description Using node-red, node.js and mqtt to develop a service to visualise the location of a hololens and display this on a room map, offering the location as a clickable link for the user to select a location and beacon this back to the hololens wearer. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The web service offers the ability to monitor the hololens in use and send the wearer to a specific location in the room. 
 
Description "FLEXINET: standardisation development leading to ISO 20534 -'Formal Semantic Models for the configuration of global production networks' " Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Contributed to Standardisation workshop at Interop-VLab meeting in Brussels on June 27th 2018. Presentation entitled "FLEXINET: standardisation development leading to ISO 20534 -'Formal Semantic Models for the configuration of global production networks' ".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Enhanced condition monitoring of the machining process using wavelet packet transform - Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Attended the European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL) 2018, Trondheim, Norway, 17-21 June 2018 and presented a paper titled 'Enhanced condition monitoring of the machining process using wavelet packet transform'. Attendees were a mix of academic and industry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ford visit to Loughborough University 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Ford's strategic management visited Loughborough University to discuss collaboration research in autonomous vehicles. Members of the EIIS research group presented work and attended follow on meetings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description GLOBAL MANUFACTURING INNOVATION: MANUFACTURING INNOVATION SHOWCASE (Jaguar Land Rover) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact 36 organisations were invited by Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) to the British Motor Museum to showcase their vision of future manufacturing and demonstrate technology collaboration. This gave the opportunity to showcase our research and network with JLR staff and other organisations in attendance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description IOF Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Academics from around the world attending a workshop on a newly formed group titled Industrial Ontologies Foundary (IOF) at NIST in the USA. Research from Loughborough University was presented with regards to the use and need of ontologies within systems being developed for the End Of Life domain. LU will be represented again at the IOF in 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://sites.google.com/view/industrialontologies/
 
Description IOF Workshop 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Academics from around the world attending a workshop to meet as part of the group titled Industrial Ontologies Foundary (IOF) in Washington DC in the USA. Research from Loughborough University was presented with regards to the use and need of ontologies within systems being developed for the End Of Life domain.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://sites.google.com/view/industrialontologies/
 
Description Industrial Ontology Foundry (IOF) workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Industrial Ontology Foundry (IOF) workshop was a two-day event held in Gaithersburg, USA, to present, discuss with and update members of the IOF with current research activities and discuss future work direction.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Industry 4.0 in electronics manufacture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Professor Andy West presented a Keynote address entitled "Industry 4.0 in electronics manufacture" to the Institute of Circuit Technology Annual Symposium, National Motor Museum, Beaulieu.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Manufacturing Enterprise Interoperability Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Organised workshop on "Manufacturing Enterprise Interoperability" at Interop-VLab meeting in Brussels on June 26th 2018 - no publications
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Organised an industrial workshop at I-ESA 2018 on March 20th in Berlin. The title being "From Embedded Intelligence to Directed Manufacturing Decision Support". 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Organised an industrial workshop at I-ESA 2018 on March 20th in Berlin. The title being "From Embedded Intelligence to Directed Manufacturing Decision Support". The workshop involved 22 participants in knowledge cafe style discussion and included 4 presentations, with one from Andy. The paper supporting the presentation and the workshop results were published in "Enterprise Interoperability: Smart services and business impact of enterprise interoperability" as part of the Systems and Industrial Engineering Series. Edited by Martin Zelm, Frank-Walter Jaekel, Guy Doumeingts and Martin Wollschlaeger. Published by Wiley, 2018. ISBN 978-1-78630-373-8. The specific papers were:
P Goodall, H Lugo, R Sharpe, K Van-Lopik, S Pease, A West and B Young "Exploiting Embedded intelligence in Manufacturing Decision Support" pp 9-16 B Young, P Goodall, R Sharpe, K Van-Lopik. S Pease and G Bhullar "Summary: Embedded Intelligence Discussion" pp 3-8
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://iesa2018.ipk.fraunhofer.de/4956/
 
Description Presentation and leading discussion on ontologies at I-ESA 2018 Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Led discussions to clarify the manufacturing business requirements for ICT solutions to offer a directed trans-disciplinary information and knowledge sharing capability, identify the core issues that must be resolved to meet these requirements and propose potential solution paths that should be explored to resolve these issues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://iesa2018.ipk.fraunhofer.de/4941/
 
Description Presentation of my research interests to the College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact October 15th 2018: Presentation of my research interests to the College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation to Nanjing University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Bob Young gave a presentations on his areas of research including ontologies to the College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Program Committee for 9th International Workshop on Formal Ontologies meet Industry (FOMI) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Reviewing conference papers submitted to FOMI, engaging with researchers and industrial practitioners with a wide range of ontology expertise and implementation experiences using formal ontologies for knowledge modelling and sharing and reliable information exchange
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://carv2018.ec-nantes.fr/fomi-general-information-234063.kjsp
 
Description SMR University Research Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Workshop to discuss potential academic collaboration with Rolls Royce in their small modular reactor programme, including networking with other academic collaborators and providing initial response to challenges posed by Rolls Royce.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Towards an ontological infrastructure for manufacturing interoperability 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Contributed to an Ontology workshop at Interop-VLab meeting in Brussels on June 26th 2018. Presentation entitled "Towards an ontological infrastructure for manufacturing interoperability" - no publications
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description international Ontology Foundry (IOF) Workshop at DNV GL. Oslo 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Feb 4-7, 2019: Contribution to "the international ontology foundry (IOF)" workshop at DNV GL, Oslo
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018