Understanding Inequalities

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: Sch of Law

Abstract

Governments across the world have become increasingly aware of the social and economic problems caused by inequality. It's not just income inequality that is cause for concern but how different aspects of inequality-in health, education, employment and crime-combine to impoverish particular groups, and deepen divisions in society. For certain types of inequality, Scotland fares worse than comparable countries, particularly with respect to suicide, homicide, overcrowding and children living in poverty. As a result, the Scottish Government has launched a national strategy to create a 'Fairer Scotland'. For this initiative to be successful, however, it needs to have solid evidence which is based on a well-informed understanding of how the different dimensions of inequality interact and change over time. Our goal in this project is to achieve a step change in the quality and usefulness of the evidence base in Scotland by developing world-leading advances in how the multi-dimensional nature of inequality is understood. Working closely with policy makers at local and national level, we aim to support, guide and inform government policies with a view to achieving a genuine reduction in social inequalities.

Our project is called AMMISS: Analysing Multi-Dimensional and Multi-Scale Inequalities in Scottish Society. It represents an ambitious and innovative research programme that will explore the causes and consequences of social inequalities in Scottish society in a much deeper and more joined-up way than has been achieved before. It is 'multi-dimensional' because we will explore multiple forms of inequality (e.g. poor health, low educational achievement, exposure to crime, failure to access the labour market, poor social mobility). Developing cutting-edge analysis we shall help policy makers understand how these different dimensions interact to affect life chances. It is 'multi-scale' because looking at inequality for a single level of geography or social unit can lead to a distorted understanding of inequality. So it is particularly important that we understand how inequalities impact at different levels both spatially (e.g. communities and cities) and socially (e.g. individuals and families). Our novel approach will allow us to analyse the causes and effects of multi-dimensional and multi-scale inequalities in a truly joined-up way, taking full advantage of Scotland's world-class administrative and survey data.

AMMISS has two main themes. First, we will explore the way in which the neighbourhoods impact on how people experience inequalities and how changing patterns of poverty in Scottish cities impact on those experiences; for example, by affecting access to the labour market and exposure to crime. We will also examine how changing ethnic mix affects educational achievement and experiences of victimisation. Second, we will investigate how inequality impacts individuals over the course of their lives; for example, how experiences in early childhood affect social inequalities experienced later in life. We will also explore why some 'high risk' people and neighbourhoods remain 'resilient' to social inequalities, achieving positive outcomes against the odds.

To make sense of such a broad range of issues we have brought together an impressive group of internationally recognised experts from various different areas of research. This will allow us to develop the innovative and insightful research needed to tackle inequality. Working closely with a range of organisations across Scotland, including central and local government and charities, will provide many opportunities for innovation and ensure that our work is relevant and useful for achieving a fairer society. Our ambition is to help those in positions of influence achieve real change. By making Scotland an exemplar for inequalities research, our work has the potential to influence and inspire policies to reduce social inequality around the world.

Planned Impact

Our research will make a broad contribution to policy making, practice and service delivery. We have letters of support to work collaboratively with us from several organisations: Scottish Government, Scottish Parliament, Glasgow City Council and the Poverty Leadership Panel, Inspiring Scotland and Link Up, the Improvement Service, Oxfam Scotland, the Equalities and Human Rights Commission Scotland, and South Yorkshire Police. This group of 'partner stakeholders' will steer the direction of the research, ensuring it speaks to current policy priorities and is of value in operational planning. We plan to expand this group as we develop our research.

Beneficiaries will include strategic policy makers (Chief Executives, MSPs and senior officials) who develop national policy (e.g. Scottish Government's Building Safer Communities Programme, Creating a Fairer Scotland Project and Scottish Parliament Equal Opportunities Committee). It will also include policy makers, practitioners and community groups that develop local policy or deal with operational matters and service delivery, such as: central and local government departments (e.g. education, justice, communities, housing, social justice & environment); public sector bodies and Executive Agencies (e.g. the Scottish Qualifications Agency, Police Scotland, NHS Health Scotland, Education Scotland); communities of practice (e.g. police, teachers, social workers, GPs); private sector organisations delivering public services (e.g. criminal justice, health, child care); and third sector/faith groups/NGOs (e.g. Church of Scotland, Victim Support Scotland, and Citizens Advice Scotland).

Our research will align with Scottish policy priorities at national (e.g. the Fairer Scotland agenda) and local (e.g. Local Outcomes Improvement Plans) level. Mindful of financial constraints, we aim to help stakeholders identify effective and sustainable interventions and preventive strategies to tackle social inequalities that can be developed through joined up public, private and third sector working. This will help Local Authorities to support strategic decision-making at regional, local and neighbourhood levels; and practitioner groups (e.g. policing, welfare, housing) and third sector organisations to develop more efficient and effective joined-up service delivery. The general public will benefit through improvements in more efficient and targeted service delivery, and the development of more innovative, person-centred solutions to the problems of inequality.

The research will benefit stakeholders beyond Scotland. We have negotiated access to crime data with South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and Greater Manchester police, and Manchester City Council has offered us new data and is keen to apply AMMISS research to local social/policy analysis. We will utilise our connections with UK government departments (e.g. Communities and Local Government & Work and Pensions) and Ireland (e.g. Education and Skills; Housing, Planning, CLG; and Justice and Equality. We will seek to expand our reach to other local authorities and explore further opportunities for data access and extend the comparative value of the research. We will translate the value of our research from the Scottish to the wider UK context by speaking to similar policy agendas.

We have several international networks, including the government of Hebei Province in China (73 million inhabitants) which is keen to apply our methods in the Chinese context and provide evidence-based policy advice to the Hebei government (see letter of support). We will work with the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights to disseminate our research across relevant European policy networks. We have a new partnership with six Latin American countries, led by the Government of Chile and UNICEF, through which we aim to contribute to informing international policy development aimed at increasing equality in social justice, security and welfare for children.
 
Description Understanding Inequalities Key Findings - March 2020

The Understanding Inequalities project aims to provide a better understanding of the multi-dimensional nature of inequality (i.e. how inequalities from a range of social processes interact and the extent to which they contribute to the causes and consequences of an unfair society); and how outcomes are affected by the intersection of different dimensions of inequality at multiple spatial scales. We have focused on a range of causes and consequences of inequality, especially in relation to poverty, educational achievement, employment status, social mobility, exposure to crime, health and wellbeing, housing patterns, access to amenities, and exposure to environmental risks; and the impact of demographic factors such as sex, age, race and ethnicity. We have identified a range of dynamic processes that appear to influence life choices and the ways in which specific drivers interact over time to shape long term outcomes.
We have identified inequities shaped by societal change and social policy development in relation to core public services, such as education, housing and policing. And we have revealed important findings about the multi-scale nature of inequalities - the extent to which they are created, reproduced and perpetuated at different spatial and temporal scales. In doing so we are contributing to theoretical debates about inequality across a range of disciplinary areas, to methodological innovation in the measurement and interpretation of inequalities, and policy considerations and changes in how inequality is addressed, prevented and reduced. In the round, our research provides compelling evidence that social inequalities research must address dynamic multi-dimensional effects and their impact on social processes at various spatial scales

Key findings on the multi-dimensional aspects of inequality:
A core premise of our work is that inequality is not just about income - it extends to a whole range of factors that are related to well-being and outcomes over a lifetime. A key objective, therefore, was to identify and explore a wide range of unequal outcomes that were a consequence of economic or some other form of inequality. Areas included in our programme of research are: access to opportunities, such as employment and good schools; access to amenities, such as transport links and local services; exposure to environmental risks, such as air pollution; exposure to crime and justice outcomes, such as offending, victimisation, criminal conviction and imprisonment; and aspects of life success, such as pro-social behaviour, cognitive & non-cognitive skills and educational attainment at primary, secondary and tertiary levels. We have successfully managed to combine measures of economic status (e.g. poor versus non-poor households) with one or more other types of social success or failure, thereby enabling us to work towards an overarching framework of how overlapping and intersecting aspects of inequality contribute towards persistent, continuous and engrained social problems within certain communities and groups.

Specific examples of multi-dimensional inequalities that we have identified through our research programme so far include:
Findings on behavioural outcomes
• Poverty, adverse personal experiences and youth justice interventions in childhood have an overlapping and cumulative impact on offending behaviour in adolescence and criminal conviction in early adulthood (McAra and McVie, forthcoming).
• Low income and precarious parental employment combine to have a negative effect on childhood conduct disorder (Murray and McVie, forthcoming).
• Children living with a lone mother are less at risk of severe socio-emotional problems if their mothers work, but the effect is greatest amongst lone mothers in intermediate or high status occupations who work more than 16 hours per week (Fiori, submitted 2019).
• Maternal employment is associated with slightly fewer children's behavioural problems in Scotland than in Germany, especially part-time employment of less educated mothers (Jacob and Kuhhirt, in preparation).
• Living in persistent poverty is a stronger driver of early involvement in offending behaviour than the 'number' of ACEs that children have accumulated. However, specific 'types' of ACEs - including parental abuse and family contact with criminal justice agencies - do predict offending behaviour, even in the presence of persistent poverty. (Jahanshahi, McVie and Murray, in preparation)

Findings on cognitive and educational outcomes
• Parental background characteristics (i.e. social class, maternal education and household income) have a strong effect on early cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes and on later outcomes (such as school attainment, HE qualifications and types of employment); and various institutional factors (e.g. formal and informal childcare and schools) play different roles in explaining existing social inequalities. (Smyth and Duta, in preparation)
• Parental endeavours to improve the attainment of their children ('concerted cultivation') are positively associated with children's cognitive outcomes, but this is strongly mediated by the child's social and economic background, especially in the US compared to Scotland (An and Fiori, in preparation).
• A large amount of the variation between siblings in the chance of attaining a university degree is explained by family characteristics (especially social class, education and housing tenure), but those from higher social class backgrounds have much more chance of going to university overall (Duta, Iannelli and Breen, submitted).
• Children from disadvantaged backgrounds who achieve better cognitive outcomes than their peers are more likely to live in a rented or owned house rather than social housing, be located in rural areas and smaller towns rather than large urban areas, and be exposed to stimulating activities and a calm home atmosphere. But school may play a crucial role in unlocking the potential of disadvantaged children. (Duta and Iannelli, in preparation).

Findings on employment outcomes and patterns
• A third of the variation in siblings occupational outcomes is caused by familial factors, and educational level explains most of the family effect which indicates that education is key for social mobility (Duta, Iannelli and Breen, submitted).
• Inequalities in access to employment and access to amenities have been exacerbated by the displacement of poor households from inner cities. Decentralisation of poverty has led to growing inequality between poor and non-poor households in access to employment and amenities, especially in larger cities. (Zhang and Pryce , 2019)
Key findings on multi-spatial aspects of inequality:

Our research set out to test the causes and consequences of inequality across multiple spatial scales in an effort to demonstrate whether 'one size fits all' policies were likely to be sufficient to address the complexity of economic, social and environmental inequalities experienced at local, regional and national levels. While we have focused extensively on differences of inequality at spatial scales, some aspects of our analysis have benefited by incorporating both aerial unit level and individual level analysis (for example, by using the Scottish Longitudinal Study). We have also been able to identify some differences in inequality across countries. Our findings about inequalities at different spatial scales, include the following:

National level
• At a national level, we find a widening gap in the Gini coefficient between Scotland and England over time, which fails to provide evidence that Scottish Devolution has led to falling inequality in Scotland. In the 20 years since Devolution, we found falling inequality between poor and non-poor households in England with respect to exposure to air pollution and crime, again largely due to decentralisation of poverty, but no significant change in Scotland despite the stronger policy emphasis on reducing inequality. (Pryce and Zhang, 2018)

Regional level
• At a regional level, we found that if fuel taxes were increased in an attempt to reduce UK carbon emissions it would impact unequally at a regional level across the UK, with Greater London and the South East benefitting but peripheral regions losing out significantly. This research highlights the spatial injustice of fuel tax hikes. (Pryce et al, in preparation)

City level
• At a city level, we found significant inequality in exposure to crime between and within UK urban centres. The concentration and persistence of inequality in exposure to violent and property crime varies across cities and between different types of neighbourhood. There is evidence that the suburbanisation of poverty is reshaping the spatial patterning of exposure to property crime. However, area-based indicators of deprivation hold less power through time in accounting for this patterning. In contrast to the conclusions drawn from US research, the existence of charitable organisations in neighbourhoods has a positive association with exposure to crime, suggesting that charitable organisations perform a different role in the welfare regimes of diverse polities. (Bannister et al, in preparation)

Local level
• At a local level, we find that decentralisation of poverty in UK cities has resulted in greater inequality between poor and non-poor households in terms of their access to key amenities and opportunities. This is especially pronounced in larger cities; whereas smaller settlements have shown increasing concentration of poverty near the centre. We also find the decentralisation of poverty within cities is associated with the spatial reordering in exposure to crime. (Zhang and Pryce 2019)
• We also found that urban regeneration was associated with sharp spatial inequalities at the local level --"social frontiers"--in Liverpool. Wider research suggests that these steep local inequalities could have a significant negative effect on wellbeing for the disadvantaged because sharp inequalities in wealth and status with those around us can generate resentment and low self-esteem among those who are less well off. (Dean, Dong, Piekut and 2018)
In addition, we have been developing research that focuses on inequalities in a range of non-UK contexts, building on partnerships we have developed with academics and policy makers in Europe, Asia and Australasia.


International inequalities
• There is substantial segregation of rural migrants in Shijiazhuang, the capital of Hebei Province in China. This is especially true for migrants in low income groups, although there is no evidence that migrants being more likely to be located on the periphery of the city as with other studies. (Pryce et al, in preparation)
• We provide the first robust estimate of the degree of centralisation of poverty for a Chinese city, and find that poverty is highly decentralised in Shijiazhuang, with the largest area of deprivation lying near the periphery to the east of the city. (Pryce et al, in preparation)
• Social frontiers affect residential mobility in the Netherlands. For non-westerners, the proportion of people own ethnicity has much stronger stabilising effect on moving when they live near a social frontier. The opposite is true for natives (Dutch-born households). Own ethnicity in surrounding zone has much weaker stabilising effect on moving when they live near a social frontier compared to not living near a social frontier. (Olner, Pryce et al, in preparation)
• The criminal justice trajectories of adults in Queensland, Australia are significantly influenced by care experience and justice interventions in childhood. However, the trajectories are influenced heavily by sex and ethnicity inequalities such that those from indigenous backgrounds - especially boys - are most likely to have the most chronic patterns of criminal conviction in adulthood. This research is of significant interest to the Queensland Treasury in Brisbane. (Matthews, McVie, Stewart and Thompson, in preparation)

Key findings on policies and practices that drive inequality
Our research, especially that involving spatial analysis, has also enabled us to examine how policy interventions, legislative changes and organisational practices have impacted on inequality, either directly or indirectly, for example:
• Demand for policing is being driven largely by non-crime events. Demands placed on police forces can be explained by the form, functions and population flows of the city, but police deployment of resources is less readily explained by these factors. Rather, the nature of the demand for service and the vulnerabilities of both victims and offenders (especially due to alcohol misuse and mental ill health) inform the scale of resources required to manage incidents. The scale of demand and availability of resource effect the priority that police place on calls-for-service, which results in significant inequalities in service provision across space and time. (Ellison, Bannister et al, in preparation)
• We find that the models of risk assessment deployed by the police impact on crime inequalities. The effectiveness of the current risk assessment tools (i.e., in the management of domestic abuse and missing persons) to be limited. The findings of these tools are not interpreted in a consistent manner, resulting in inequitable service delivery. (Bannister, Ellison et all, in preparation
• The relationship between housing tenure and unemployment has been exacerbated by policy intervention. We found that the £4bn Glasgow stock transfer improved the employment prospects for residents in private housing but no effect on employment rates of council house tenants. (Zhang and Pryce, in preparation)
• Estimating the long-term employment effects at a local level we find that EU migrants generate more jobs than they take. This is mainly due to migrants spending their earnings in the local economy, setting up new businesses, contributing to innovation, filling jobs that UK workers are unable or reluctant to accept, and helping to build overseas trade links. However, there are likely to be around 120,000 job losses in London if there is a drop in EU migrants after Brexit. (Fingleton , Pryce and Olner 2019)
• The financial crisis and the austerity policy response that followed may have caused an increase in spatial inequality in house price appreciation since 2006. This is likely to play a role in driving financial inequalities and the reproduction of those inequalities for later generations. (Pryce et al, in preparation)
• Changes in the use of stop and search in Scotland brought about by the introduction of new legislation and a Code of Practice for policing has significantly reduced the level of search conducted in Scotland. We found that the effect of stop and search on crime rates in Scottish communities was very low, and the reduction in searches had not caused any measurable increase in crime. However, inequality in the use of searching across communities had reduced following the introduction of the new legislation. (Jahanshahi and McVie, in preparation).
• The complex distribution of migrants in the city has implications for the design of polices aimed at reducing disparities between migrants and the rest of the urban population. Market reforms in China have led to greater socioeconomic segregation in Chinese cities through rising socioeconomic inequality coupled with increased residential mobility. Previous studies have shown substantial residential segregation between migrants from rural areas who are often poorer and face economic and institutional barriers to services, and residents who originate from the city. These studies have, however, neglected several important aspects of segregation which address. (Pryce et al, in preparation)


Key findings on causes and consequences of inequality:
The causes and consequences of inequality are multiple and complex. They emerge at individual, family, institutional and spatial levels. Our work has demonstrated that inequalities are caused by a range of factors, some of which are linked to ascribed characteristics (e.g. gender, ethnicity, social class of the family of origin) and affect individuals' early achievements (e.g. early cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes) and later life outcomes (e.g. school grades, attaining higher education, entering a good job, engaging in criminal behaviour, etc.). Some factors represent inherently negative outcomes that arise from the complex relationship between residential location, human wellbeing and the geography of economic opportunity and environmental risk (such as the spatial concentration of poverty, geographical variation in education, economic opportunities and air pollution, and the impact of patterns of community segregation, particularly "social frontiers" that potentially affect health outcomes and exposure to crime). While others are the unintended consequences of policy decision making that are intended to improve social conditions and reduce structural poverty or environmental problems (such as policies aimed at gentrifying city centres which lead to a decentralisation of poverty, housing policies aimed at improving social living conditions, justice policies that aim to reduce offending and policies that aim to reduce reliance on fossil fuels). Moreover, inequalities can led to a wide range of negative outcomes that impact differentially on variant social groups in ways that can diminish their life chances and lead to further inequalities across different domains of their life.
Many of our papers use a life-course perspective (Shanahan, Mortimer & Johnson, 2016; Mayer, 2009) to draw conclusions on the influential factors, crucial life stages and transitions which shape inequalities in various outcomes and on how the interaction of developmental and social components vary by institutional contexts and social policies. They draw on longitudinal data, so the analyses capture the dynamic nature of inequality, where risk and protective factors can help shape children's or young people's trajectories through the education system and beyond. In our approach, children and their families are seen as exerting agency, albeit for some groups, a bounded agency, and our research investigates how the consequences of differential access to resources (economic, cultural and social) can lead to unequal engagement with structures such as the schooling and criminal justice systems.

The life-course of individuals is influenced by the social and physical characteristics of the environment in which they live, so a benefit of our multi-spatial approach is that it allows us to advance social justice theories about the way in which inequalities manifest. For example, John Rawls focused on individual incomes and redistribution transfers to provide a rational justification for the emerging welfare state. Although he did not explicitly consider spatial inequality, we can use the Rawlsian veil of ignorance to consider the social justice implications of spatial inequality. There is a clear social justice argument for making the reduction of spatial inequality a central policy goal for society, but this requires reliable measures of inequality (see methodological innovation). Taking a social justice approach, we can conclude that changing patterns of crime, while positive at an aggregate level, have not impacted on society equally. Indeed, those people and places that were at most risk of being victimised by crime continue to be at more, or higher, risk than before. Such examples of multi-layered inequality of outcome act as a powerful driver to investigate further the consequences of societal change and better theorise the social, economic and structural processes through which distributive fairness fails to flourish.

We have found that George Galster's theory of "spatial opportunity structures" provides a useful framework for testing aspects of inequality in the Scottish context. Galster highlights the profoundly interconnected nature of geographic context; however, most studies focus on a particular geographic scale (such as the local neighbourhood), a single outcome (such as health, educational or employment) and/or a particular strand and direction of causality. In reality, inequalities are driven by multi-scale, multi-dimensional, and cumulative nature of the spatial opportunity structure. Therefore, our innovative methods are offering new insights into how inequalities are caused by both societal and spatial opportunity structures that intersect across multiple dimensions and spatial levels, and how urban form, functions and activities shape inequalities from the level of small towns to regions and entire countries. Indeed, in our work on crime, we have advanced a theoretical model capable of accounting for, and framing the empirical investigation of, the urban conditionality of exposure across cities in diverse polities. This has not only informed our research in Scotland and England, but also the commencement of an international collaboration with research centres in the United States, Europe, Australia and China that is seeking to both delineate and explain shifting inequalities (concentration and duration) in the exposure to crime at the neighbourhood level.

A specific policy priority for Scottish Government is the reduction of child poverty, as evidenced through a range of strategy documents and legislative provisions (including the Child Poverty Delivery Plan published in March 2018). Developmental theories based on notions of individual and structural drivers have often failed to take account of how multi-dimensional aspects of inequality impact over the long term; therefore, our work puts the life-course at the heart of our analysis of the causes and consequences of inequality. Our research has demonstrated the powerful impact of early disadvantage and poverty in the achievement of equality in educational and behaviour outcomes. For example, the impact of parental employment on children's behaviour, health and well-being is often contingent on a range of other factors, such as educational background, parental wellbeing, type of childcare provision, and household income. In addition, behavioural outcomes may be influenced more by instability than change, such as the pernicious effect of economic precarity amongst households that move in and out of economic crisis over long periods of time. On the other hand, the relative risk of a negative outcome in the context of inequality - the so-called 'deficit approach', needs to be counterbalanced by research that focuses on potential protective and enabling factors - an 'assets based approach'. Our research focuses on the resilience of children to succeed in the face of disadvantage and examines the factors that can help to improve their cognitive outcomes and widen their access to higher education.


Methodological innovation
Across the project we have been developing advanced methodological approaches to analysing inequalities. These are listed below.
Methodological and data advances in the investigation of inequality in the exposure to and address of crime and disorder, public safety and well-being:
• We have advanced two novel methodological contributions to support the investigation of the exposure to crime. Firstly, a theoretically driven longitudinal clustering technique, termed anchored k-medoids. Secondly, a measure to assess relative exposure to crime. We advocate the deployment of kmeans and k-medoids in concert as an approach capable of unpicking the short and longer-term drivers of the exposure to crime across neighbourhoods.
• We have identified the value of using "calls-for-service" data (particularly when deployed with both crime survey and crime recorded data) as a measure of the lived experience of crime and as a mechanism for identifying the "hidden" exposure to crime across local areas, which is a key policy imperative for police forces across the UK as means of quantifying demand for service and effectiveness of resource deployment.
• We have applied novel spatio-temporal Bayesian modelling techniques, using Integrated Laplace Approximation (INLA), to explore both spatio-temporal variations in crime and hidden inequalities in exposure to crime
• We have piloted a novel 'exposed' population-at-risk denominator to help quantify spatial and temporal variations in inequality in the exposure to crime.
• We have developed and demonstrated the efficacy of novel automated text mining methodologies to both quantify and qualify the mental ill health and alcohol related demands placed upon the police. We have deployed a similar methodology to provide an accurate count of inequality in the exposure to crime.
• We have developed and piloted machine learning algorithms to assess the efficacy of a number of risk assessment tools deployed by the police. We are using these insights to support the development of new (interactive) risk assessment tools.
In relation to the work around the impact of EU immigration on the UK labour market:
• We highlight a number of important gaps in the UK evidence base on the employment impacts of immigration, namely: (1) the lack of research on the local impacts of immigration - existing studies only estimate the impact for the country as a whole; (2) the absence of long-term estimates - research has focused on relatively short time spans - there are no estimates of the impact over several decades, for example; (3) the tendency to ignore spatial dependence of employment which can bias the results and distort inference - there are no robust spatial econometric estimates we are aware of.
• We address these shortcomings by creating a unique data set of linked Census geographies spanning five Censuses since 1971. These yield a large enough sample to estimate the local impacts of immigration using a novel spatial panel model which controls for endogenous selection effects arising from migrants being attracted to high-employment areas.
• Our approach opens up a new avenue of inquiry into subnational variations in the impacts of immigration on employment.
In connection with our work on the impact of 'social frontiers' on spatial inequalities:
• We have extended our method for identifying "social frontiers"--sharp changes in the socio-economic characteristics between neighbouring areas--into multi-level modelling framework which allows us to consider horizontal global spatial dependence and local step changes, as well as a vertical group dependency effect imposed by the multiple-scale data structure. We use this new framework to identify social frontiers in neighbourhood quality and house values.

To explore the impact of Glasgow housing stock transfer on employment inequalities:
• We have applied rigorous causal inference to estimate the impact of the Glasgow Stock Transfer on employment outcomes of social renters in Glasgow. Having discussed and measured the extent and importance of spatial inequality, we are faced with the question of what can be done to alleviate it. For over a quarter of a century, urban policymakers in Europe, Australia and the U.S. have pursued a common strategy for regenerating distressed neighbourhoods dominated by large social housing developments: the approach has involved selectively demolishing or rehabilitating the estates, infilling them with new construction to facilitate more residential diversity in the area, and supplying a variety of ancillary supportive services and resources for lower-income residents. Though evaluations of these policies have uncovered numerous positive outcomes from these initiatives, economic impacts on either low-income residents of these neighbourhoods or the surrounding urban populations have been less clear.
We believe that much of this ambiguity can be traced to methodological shortcomings of these previous evaluations. Our goal in this paper is to provide a more definitive, plausibly causal answer to the question of whether a major social housing regeneration scheme generated more employment and, if so, for whom. The particular scheme we analyse-the Glasgow social housing stock transfer-offers two key features that make it an ideal natural experiment for answering this question: (1) it was massive in scale £4 billion of funding was invested to improve the physical state of former council housing, dwarfing most other area-based schemes; (2) it was spatially specific, limited only to social housing in Glasgow Local Authority. This second feature enables us to estimate the employment effects of the LVST on residents in Glasgow City using a quasi-experimental, difference-in-difference design that exploits the geographic variation of this intervention to create a unique natural experiment.
In relation to our work on the impact of fuel tax hikes to reduce emissions on regional inequality in UK:
• We developed a novel system-wide simulation model that covers the entire UK spatial economy, examining how the impacts of increasing distance costs (e.g. through fuel tax hikes) have unequal impacts on regions and sectors. The model establishes an important transition policy principle: change in spatial flows of internal trade, which are certain to occur rapidly during transition, have measurable energy justice implications. Peripheral regions of the economy, in rural and coastal areas and many city outskirts are most vulnerable, as are petrochemical, agricultural and connected sectors.

When exploring the suburbanisation of poverty and the increase of multi-dimensional inequalities:
• We developed a new measure of spatial inequality. Our innovation was to extend the existing Relative Centralisation Index into a measure of spatial inequality. There are a number of advantages to our new spatial inequality measure: (1) it provides a simple way of monitoring policy goals such as "inclusive growth"; (2) it can be applied to any amenity or risk that has a geographical aspect to it: e.g. employment, amenities, pollution, educational institutions, crime, transport etc.; (3) the approach could incorporate alternative measures of "distance" such as road distance, travel-time, travel cost etc.; (4) the measure is scale-free: it is based on ranks so it is not sensitive to scaling or units of measurement; (5) the measure is comparable across cities and countries; (6) the measure is based on publicly available aerial unit data so is easy to update and to apply to other countries; (7) our generalised method allows for multiple urban centres so the inequality measure could potentially be applied to entire countries or regions. (8) The measure can be used to simulate the impact of proposed policy interventions and what if? scenarios on inequality in access to employment, amenities etc.
• We generalised the Relative Centralisation Index method to address the long-standing methodological problem of measuring centralisation for cities with multiple urban centres by developing a generalised formula for the RCI (Relative Centralisation Index) that allows us to study cities that have multiple centres.
• We demonstrated how OpenStreetMap can be used to identify urban centres. This approach allows us to automate the identification of urban centres (otherwise a laborious process reliant on local knowledge).

When analysing the degree to which UK devolution has affected the decentralisation of poverty and inequality between poor and non-poor in Scotland and England:

• We argue that policy divergences between the two countries allows us to test the causal relationship between housing policy and poverty decentralisation. We study two questions: (1) Has Scotland's more socially democratic approach to housing policy mitigated poverty decentralisation and segregation? (2) Has Scotland become more or less unequal relative to England in terms of access to housing, amenities, and employment, and in terms of exposure to crime and pollution?

In our analysis of the segregation of rural migrants in Shijiazhuang, capital of Hebei Province, China:
• We demonstrate how cutting-edge segregation methods can be applied in a Chinese context.
• We set out a robust quantitative framework using state-of-the-art methods that can yield a more detailed picture of segregation in Chinese cities than has previously been achieved.
• Using data on Shijiazhuang, a second-tier Chinese city, we employ a multilevel modelling approach to measure multiscale and intersectional segregation, and a relative centralisation index to quantify the proximity of different to the city centre while using Bayesian estimation methods to incorporate uncertainty into the estimates.

With our work on the effect of social frontiers on residential mobility in the Netherlands, this paper presents the first application of social frontier estimation in the Netherlands. It is also the first paper anywhere in the world to investigate the impact of social frontiers on residential mobility.

With our exploration of rising income inequality associated with rising segregation
• In this paper we investigate the links between income inequality and socioeconomic residential segregation in UK cities and regions. While there has been a lot of research on the impact of both inequality and socioeconomic segregation on individual and societal outcomes there has been much less work done on how the two phenomenon are linked, particularly in the UK.
• This matters because one of the mechanisms by which income inequality can have negative effects on life outcomes is through socioeconomic segregation and the spatial concentration of poverty.
• We examine a combination of datasets using both Travel to Work Areas (a proxy for housing market areas) and Regions as units of analysis. For the Travel to Work Areas we are restricted to cross sectional analysis using correlations, however for the analyses involving regions we carry out longitudinal analysis using multilevel models to estimate the relationship both between and within Regions over time. We look at long term trends, with measurements every ten years between 1971 and 2011, as well as more recent temporally richer data between 2005 and 2016, with measurements every 3-4 years.
Exploitation Route Our research findings will be important for academics in shaping the future direction of inequalities research. We are collaborating with colleagues in Australia and China, Scandinavia and the Netherlands (with a view to extending our international collaborations) so we anticipate that our research is going to have a significant impact on future inquiries around inequalities.

In terms of non-academic impact, we are continuing to engage heavily with stakeholders around a range of key topics (such as influencing policies on repeating victimisation, , dealing with crime exposure inequalities across different UK cities, contributing to campaigning around maternal employment and childhood inequalities, and informing new policies within education, health and justice). We have already had some direct impact on legislative debate around the development of the Census (especially around the collection of data on sex and gender) and we were influential in increasing the age of criminal responsibility in Scotland. We have also had impact on building capacity among Scottish Local Authorities to measure inequality, which will be increasingly important now that Scottish Government has mandated that all public expenditure must take account of the impact on inequality. We have also participated in consultation exercises by the Scottish Government, and by local authorities (such as the Edinburgh Poverty Commission) to demonstrate how inequality is impacting on a range of different aspects of social and economic life within Scotland and the wider UK.

We continue to actively promote our research in order to ensure that our work has influence at the heart of Scottish and UK governments, as well as across a wide number of public and third sector organisations, and will increasingly appeal to international audiences.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL https://www.understanding-inequalities.ac.uk/publications-and-outputs
 
Description A key priority of our research programme is to engage with a diverse group of stakeholders in the development and dissemination of our research, including policy makers, practitioners, community groups and public audiences. We have done this using a range of mechanisms, including targeted approaches that have engaged directly with specific policymaker and practitioner groups, as well as broader, public-facing approaches via online platforms, broadcast media and public engagement events aimed at reaching wider audiences and contributing to the debate around inequalities. Some of the stakeholders we have engaged with are: The Improvement Service Scottish Government (including various advisory groups) Scottish Parliament Police Scotland Scottish Police Authority The Royal Society of Edinburgh Research Advisory Group for Head Teacher Survey (Curriculum for Excellence) Edinburgh Poverty Commission Academic Reference Group - Research Strategy for Scottish Education West Midlands Police Greater Manchester Police The Society for Evidence-based Policing UNICEF IPPR North Joseph Rowntree Foundation Sheffield City Region Ministry of Justice Mayor of Greater Manchester Queensland Treasury Pathways to Impact Our multifaceted approach to dissemination and engagement has enabled us to build solid stakeholder relationships and develop sound pathways to impact. We believe that we are well on the way to having impact across a range of domains, including conceptual, instrumental and capacity building impact. Some examples of these are provided below. (i) The Improvement Service: Uptake and use of the Duncan index measure of inequality In 2018, Dr Meng Le Zhang and Professor Gwilym Pryce worked with The Improvement Service to develop a set of tools to enable Scottish Local Authorities to estimate and measure inequalities. A series of measures were devised which calculate an inequality score at Local Authority level for a particular dimension (for example: air pollution, exposure to crime or housing quality) which can then be followed over time. The Improvement Service has used this index as a key component of their Community Planning Outcomes Profile (CPOP) toolkit which aims to help Community Planning Partnerships (CPP) understand the issues in their area, in order to identify where they might prioritise intervention measures to improve the outcomes for people living in in those areas. In a quote from Nick Cassidy, Policy Officer with The Improvement Service, the purpose of the CPOP tool and our role in its development is explained: "The tool is linked to the 2015 Community Empowerment Act and is designed to help CPPs meet their obligations under the Act to develop and review a Local Outcome Improvement Plan (LOIP), which is about understanding inequality in outcomes across their area, and within smaller localities within the CPP. The inequality indicators and analysis that Gwilym and Meng Le developed and shared with us are really helpful in doing that, and help to identify the outcomes where a CPP can focus attention, which might not be picked up by other measures." Working in partnership with the Improvement Service to develop this measurement tool, we have achieved meaningful impact through building capacity among Local Authority staff to identify inequalities and assist them in delivering their objectives through using the CPOP toolkit. The research team led by Pryce have also been invited to provide evidence to the Edinburgh Poverty Commission and to present their new approach to the Economic Policy Team at Sheffield City Region (23rd July 2019). They were also invited by the Head of Research at Scottish Government to present their inequality measure to Scottish Government Statisticians (3rd Dec 2019). (ii) Edinburgh Poverty Commission: Using evidence from Understanding Inequalities research In June 2019, we responded to the Edinburgh Poverty Commission (EPC) call for evidence around the theme of 'Prospects - what can be done to improve the life chances of people who are struggling to get by in Edinburgh?' The focus of our UI submission was around inequalities in exposure to risk of crime and victimisation and in access to amenities and employment opportunities. (Our submission can be accessed here.) Following this submission, Susan McVie, Gwilym Pryce, Meng Le Zhang and Fiona Barlow met with the chair of the Commission, Dr Jim McCormick and two commissioners, Zoe Ferguson and Chris Adams, to discuss the contribution from the UI project and further opportunities feed in to the work of the commission. This has so far resulted in further UI papers being shared and a follow up discussion where the EPC are keen to feed in key messages from the UI work around crime and policing as well as the research findings from the work around the Glasgow Housing Stock Transfer into their next phase of work which focuses on 'places'. By directly engaging with the EPC call for evidence, we anticipate achieving conceptual impact through the on-going contribution to the understanding of issues related to poverty in the city of Edinburgh. (iii) Patterns of victimisation in Scotland: Influencing policies on repeat victimisation Research on changing patterns of victimisation that was conducted as part of our AQMeN research programme has been continued under our UI project. In particular, we have been conducting work into the inequality of experience of victimisation by analysing the profile of those who benefited least from the crime drop in Scotland. Our findings were presented to the Scottish Government in a number of AQMeN and UI events, and were cited in a government report on repeat violent victimisation published in April 2019 (Repeat Violent Victimisation: A Rapid Evidence Review) and in an SCCJR published report in September 2019 (Taking Stock of Violence in Scotland). Our work, which highlighted the increasing risk of violence amongst specific groups in the population, has influenced the launch of a new study into repeat victims of violence announced by the Justice Secretary, Humza Yousaf. It has also influenced an £18m investment to improve support, advice and information for victims of crime. (iv) Understanding the attainment gap: Engaging with education practitioners in Scotland Tackling educational inequity is "a central, defining priority" of the Scottish Government in order that every child can succeed in school and gain the skills for life. In 2015, First Minister Nicola Sturgeon MSP staked her personal and professional reputation on closing the attainment gap and noted that she was prepared to be "judged on this". The Scottish Attainment Challenge was launched to raise the attainment of children and young people living in deprived areas, in order to close the equity gap. A core element of our UI research has been focused on educational challenges and how the attainment gap might be closed. In April 2019, a group of education practitioners and (non-) governmental researchers participated in a knowledge exchange event titled 'In Conversation with Professor Cristina Iannelli and Dr Adriana Duta: Understanding the Attainment Gap'. The presentation, based on UI research findings, was followed by round table discussions and open debate. The aims of the event were to disseminate our research to and engage in conversation with practitioners, teachers, government representatives and other relevant stakeholders with the purpose of identifying solutions to close the attainment gap. To further disseminate these findings, Duta, Iannelli and Fiori produced a blog as part of the UI blog series, titled Understanding the Attainment Gap' published on the Understanding Inequalities website in May 2019. Work is ongoing to ensure this research will feed into the Government's Attainment Challenge. (v) Engaging with and feeding into international policy debates In March 2019, the UI teams held two international symposia (supported by an International Networking Grant from the ESRC). The first was held at the Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh and titled 'The impact of inequalities in the early years on outcomes over the life course: Using international evidence to identify creative policy solutions', and led by Susan McVie, Emer Smyth and Cristina Iannelli. This event brought together a group of UK and international academics and policy makers to discuss a range of evidence around the detrimental effect of economic, social and environmental inequalities on children and young people, both in childhood and over their lifespan. Speakers included Professor Carol Tannahill, Chief Social Policy Advisory to the Scottish Government; Professor Adam Gamoran, President of the William T. Grant Foundation and ex-advisor to Barak Obama; Professor Susan Morton, University of Auckland and Director of the Growing Up in New Zealend study; Dr Lauren Supplee, Deputy Chief Operating Officer for Child Trends in the US; Dr Leon Feinstein, Director of Evidence for Children's Commissioner for England and Wales; and Professor Yossi Shavit from Tel Aviv University and The Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel. The event was also attended by a wide range of policy makers and practitioners from the fields of education, policing, social work, youth justice and early learning from both public and third sector organisations. A report was published from the event, and has been used as a springboard to continue dialogue with policy makers around childhood inequalities and the Poverty Action Plan for Scotland. The second symposium was organised by Gwilym Pryce and UI colleagues at Sheffield and Edinburgh and focused on 'Dynamics of Spatial Inequality: Processes, Outcomes & Solutions'. Held in Sheffield, this symposium brought together leading international experts to share the latest research and policy findings on the causes, consequences and solutions to geographic inequalities. Speakers included: Kathrine O'Regan, Assistant Secretary for Policy Development and Research at the Department of Housing and Urban Development for the last three years of the Obama administration; Jonathan Guest, Senior Economic Policy Manager at Sheffield City Region; Miles Crompton, Policy and Partnership Officer at Rotherham Borough Council; Jamie Smith Business Analyst within the Business Change and Innovation department at South Yorkshire Police; and Vic Stirling, Head of Partnerships at South Yorkshire Housing Association. The symposium has led to new policy and research links with South Yorkshire Policy, Institute for Public Policy Research, South Yorkshire Housing Association, Princeton University, and New York State University. The event also led to the development of a short documentary on spatial inequality based on interviews with the experts attending the event. (vi) Maternal employment and child wellbeing: Feeding evidence into policy and campaigning Francesca Fiori has been engaging with organisations including One Parent Families Scotland, Parenting Across Scotland, Child Poverty Action Group, Close the Gap, Save the Children and Action for Children around her research into maternal employment and the wellbeing outcomes for children with lone mothers. This engagement is in the preliminary stages, but has, as of March 2020, been fruitful, with several of the organisations stating the evidence supports their agendas around supporting families and campaigning for policy coherence across social security, employability services and childcare provision to provide better outcomes for children and families in Scotland. Further engagement with these groups together with Children and Families Analysis Division of Scottish Government is scheduled to take place in March 2020. (vii) Inequality in exposure to crime and monitoring police demand and implementation: engaging with UK-wide police forces We are engaging heavily with police forces across the UK to provide research evidence on inequality in the exposure to crime and of the centrality of people and place-based inequalities in the rise of non-crime demands being placed upon the police. Our research teams (led by Bannister, Pryce and McVie) have, collectively, secured access to datasets from Police Scotland, Greater Manchester Police, West Midlands Police and South Yorkshire Police and are using these to develop bespoke pieces of research in partnership with policing colleagues. This research is serving to inform appreciation of the qualities of and factors driving policing demand, helping police forces to understand how policing practice contributes to and can potentially reduce inequality, and is being used to shape step changes in the capabilities and capacities of police forces to meet demand-based challenges. It is anticipated that our research on mental ill-health and policing demand, domestic abuse and missing persons will lead to operational and strategic changes in policing, such as the modification of recording practices, innovations in police training, the development of new risk assessment procedures and their application through novel software applications, and in the advance of evidence-informed interventions and partnership working. Our engagement work around stop and search has already led to significant changes in the way that policing is conducted in Scotland, and our current research on the impact of stop and search on crime rates is anticipated to feed into further organisational reform around community policing and partnership working. (viii) Informing policy and legislation around collecting data on sex and gender We have been extremely active in providing evidence to inform the development of the Census (Amendment) (Scotland) Bill. Members of the research team (Murray and McVie) presented oral and written evidence to the Culture, Tourism and External Affairs Committee of the Scottish Parliament which is considering a major change to the Census questions on sex. The Scottish Government has proposed that the census should no longer ask whether people are male or female: but instead should ask whether a person identifies as male or, female, thereby conflating sex and gender identity in the same question. This would move the sex question away from the long-standing binary definition of sex as used in law (notably in the Equality Act 2010) which reflects biological and/or legal sex, to ask also about identity. We have strenuously argued that there should be separate questions on sex and gender (or transgender) identity. This approach would produce data that is suitable for planning and policy purposes by local and national governments. More importantly, it would ensure consistency between the sex question and the Equality Act 2010 in relation to the protected characteristic of sex and it would enable researchers to identify and highlight separate and overlapping inequalities on the basis of sex and gender identity. This is a highly charged political issue which is fundamentally about the relevance of biological sex and gender identity respectively to people's lives. While this has been played out to a large extent on social media, we have also been very active in dialogue with a range of stakeholder groups. Murray and McVie have met with stakeholders, including the National Records of Scotland and the Chief Statistician, and raised this issue at national forums such as the ADR UK Conference In 2019. Murray has written extensively in this area, including a peer reviewed publication. Our evidence has been heavily cited by the media and in parliamentary debates on this topic. We continue to monitor the impact of this work. There are several other current areas of work that have the potential to develop into impact, but are still at early stages of discussion or development. This includes: • Influencing the development of sentencing policies for children and young people in Scotland to reduce inequality in the use of punitive justice responses to the most vulnerable and disadvantaged. • Informing the Scottish Police Authority's thinking around measurement of policing effectiveness using public confidence data from the Scottish Crime and Justice Survey. This work will examine inequality in patterns of public confidence and how this relates to other aspects of people's lives, such as their health, social status and exposure to crime. • Highlighting the problem of spatial inequality in the prison population and working with the Scottish Prison Service to better understand the way that social and economic inequalities impacts on offending trajectories. • Contributing to debate in Queensland, Australia about the inequity of criminal justice outcomes for young people, especially men, from indigenous backgrounds. • Proposing new ways of structuring police recorded crime statistics in Scotland, following our contribution to a national consultation on this topic. • Providing evidence to a new review of youth justice in Scotland and the role of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and Poverty in driving offending behaviour and justice interventions. • Informing the 2021 election manifestos of Oxfam Scotland, Child Poverty Action Group, Close the Gap, Parenting Across Scotland and One Parent Families Scotland around the impact of maternal employment on child wellbeing.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Contribution of evidence to the Edinburgh Poverty Commission - June 2019
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL https://consultationhub.edinburgh.gov.uk/bi/edinburgh-poverty-commission-phase-two-call-for-ev/
 
Description J Bannister - MMU/BDC contribution to Police Effectiveness, Efficiency & Legitimacy (PEEL) Review - May 2019
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmicfrs/wp-content/uploads/peel-assessment-2018-19-greater-m...
 
Description J Bannister - MMU/BDC work with VRU cited in Greater Manchester Combined Authority (GMCA) Serious Violence Action Plan - report Sept 2019
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Greater Manchester Violence Reduction Unit has appointed MMU as an academic research, implementation and evaluation partner. "In July 2019, Manchester Metropolitan University Crime & Well-Being Big Data Centre used artificial intelligence and advanced analytical methods to produce potentially the most sophisticated and therefore most accurate analysis of a region's knife crime problem anywhere in the UK. The report identifies key markers for why GMP's knife crime reporting trends began to diverge from the national trend in 2016 and provides assurance that the changes to knife crime recording made in December 2017 are valid and have led to more accurate and reliable recording."
URL https://democracy.greatermanchester-ca.gov.uk/documents/s2052/8.%20Police%20and%20crime%20panel%20se...
 
Description M Ellison & J Bannister - contribution to GMP response to Home Office consultation on Knife-enabled Crime - Jan 2020
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description S McVie & L McAra - Meeting with Alex Cole-Hamilton MSP regarding the Age of Criminal Responsibility -15.8.19
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Invited to meet with MSP Alex Cole-Hamilton in the wake of the decision to increase the ACR to 12 in Scotland. Asked to be involved in further meetings and discussions around raising the ACR even further. Awaiting further contact from ACH.
 
Description S McVie - Board of Official Statistics in Scotland Meeting
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Member of the BOSS. Contributed evidence to the group around changes to data collection as a result of definitions of age and sex. Stressed the importance of this as an issue impacting on data quality in Scotland. Contributed to the involvement of Chief Statistician, Roger Halliday, in developing a new group to consider data, sex and gender issues.
 
Description S McVie - Meeting with the Police Scotland Age of Criminal Responsibility Policy Team
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Invited to be meet with the team from Police Scotland developing policy and practice around the 2018 Age of Criminal Responsibility Bill, in relation to how to deal with children committing offences under the age of 12. Discussed findings from the Edinburgh Study, AQMeN and UI project on crime and justice issues concerning children and young people's involvement with the police. Asked to participate in a Multi-Agency Ethics Panel in August 2019.
 
Description S McVie - Participation in a roundtable discussion on local policing at the Scottish Parliament, invited by Daniel Johnson MSP - 1.3.19
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description S McVie - Police Scotland National Alcohol, Drugs and Other Substance Use Violence Group Meeting - 30.4.19
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description S McVie - SCOTSTAT Crime and Justice Committee Meeting 3.9.19
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Member of this group. Invited to give an update on UI research on inequality. Interesting debate on the use of crime data to measure inequality, especially around violence. Asked to report further at the next meeting of the group.
 
Description S McVie - UI organised a consultation event on Police Crime Recording in Scotland, in collaboration with Scottish Government. 6.11.19
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://bit.ly/2QZ0hpa
 
Description S McVie - oral evidence submission to Parliament on a Bill for an Act of the Scottish Parliament to amend the Census Act 1920 to enable particulars about gender identity and sexual orientation to be gathered voluntarily
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.parliament.scot/parliamentarybusiness/Bills/109595.aspx
 
Description S McVie - participated in a Scottish Government and Police Scotland workshop on reporting official crime statistics 11.9.19
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description S McVie - participation in a Scottish POlice Authority roundtable on 'Bridging the gap between research evidence and police action' - 29.11.19
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Workshop involved participants fromthe SPA, Police Scotland, HMICS, Scottish Government and a range of academic and third sector organisations. Contributed to the debate and discussion around better use of police data for research to investigate inequalities. Invited to speak at the next roundtable event in February 2020.
 
Description S McVie - participation in advisory panel - Age of Criminal Responsibility Bill Multi-Agency Extraordinary Ethics Panel event
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description S McVie - written evidence submission to the Scottish Parliament Equalities and Human Rights Committee on the minimum age of criminal responsibility bill - September 2018
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.parliament.scot/General%20Documents/SMCVieSuppEvidencedoc.pdf.docx
 
Description SM, GP & MLZ - Follow up meeting - Expert contribution to Ed Poverty Commission SM, GP and MLZ met with Edinburgh Poverty Commission .
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://www.edinburgh.gov.uk/povertycommission
 
Description ESRC International Collaboration grant
Amount £26,756 (GBP)
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 03/2019
 
Title 'Akmedoids' R package 
Description UI researchers Monsuru Adepeju and Jon Bannister, together with their MMU colleague Sam Langton developed this R Package to support a novel theoretically informed longitudinal clustering technique 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact n/a 
URL http://www.understanding-inequalities.ac.uk/developing-the-%E2%80%98akmedoids%E2%80%99-statistical-p...
 
Title ML Zhang and G Pryce - Provided data and R code to Improvement Service to execute our index of relative inequality 28.9.18 
Description As part of the continuing exchange between the improvement service: we have given the IS data and R code to execute our index of relative inequality. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Quote from Rachel McGuire, Senior Analyst - Performance Management & Benchmarking at Improvement Service. "We have used Meng Le's Duncan Index methodology to create in the 'inequality over time' tab, and specifically the 'inequality across communities' graphs. We were looking for a way of understanding inequality across the whole of the local authority and how that changes over time, and Meng Le's work and support to calculate the Duncan Index has allowed us to do that. It allows us to see if inequality is getting better or worse across a range of indicators at a local authority level and at a Scotland level. We really appreciate Meng Le's support, as he provided the underlying code for the calculations as well." 
URL https://scotland.shinyapps.io/is-community-planning-outcomes-profile/
 
Title Gwilym Pryce and Meng Le Zhang - 3D data visualisation models developed for Glasgow City Council 
Description These were developed as a tool for visualising data We created 3D scultpture of educational inequality in Glasgow. Developed for Michele McClung in the education service in Glasgow city council; the sculptures were used for internal demonstrations to policy makers in Glasgow city council. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact These are a useful tool for visualising data and have enabled us to strengthen relationships with stakeholders by collaborating on these outputs with them. 
 
Description Social Analytics Lab, Brisbane, Australia 
Organisation Griffith University
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As a result of additional ESRC funding for 'international collaboration', a team of four researchers from the UI project visited Griffiths University in Brisbane and conducted research using linked administrative data held by the Social Analytics Lab. This included analysis of the Queensland Data Linkage project to conduct research on youth justice inequalities; and analysis of the Queensland Police Service data to examine differential patterns of violent and property crime across different Queensland communities. This research has been used to develop comparative analysis of Scotland, the wider UK and Australia in relation to policing demand and productivity, and in relation to the impact of early system contact on adult criminal conviction trajectories. Papers are currently in progress using these data. In addition, the ESRC funding was used to bring international scholars (including colleagues from Queensland) over to Scotland to participate in a symposium on the impact of inequality in childhood on outcomes over the life-course. This symposium brought together academics, policy makers and practitioners from the UK, USA, Australia, New Zealand and Israel to discuss cutting edge research on childhood inequalities, and was hosted at the Scottish Parliament with an audience of senior policy makers.
Collaborator Contribution Griffiths University partially funded the collaboration by supporting travel and accommodation for two of the UI researchers. They are also providing intellectual support to the project and will be involved in collaborating on the published papers as a result of the research. Members of the Griffiths University academic team also attended an international symposium in Edinburgh, presenting evidence to policy makers and practitioners on the topic of justice inequality and adverse childhood experiences. There will be further to report on this collaboration over the coming year.
Impact There was an international symposium on childhood inequality and adversity held at the Scottish Parliament on 11th March 2019 that involved presenting a series of papers from around the world based on cutting edge research on childhood inequalities from around the world. A summary report of the symposium was published in June 2019. Academic papers are currently in preparation.
Start Year 2018
 
Description A Duta - Longitudinal data across the life course: an introduction to using cohort data 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Workshop organised by the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (UCL) and held at the University of Edinburgh. The purpose of this presentation was to promote UI research and showcase the use of Millennium Cohort Study data based on work with Emer Smyth on: "The transition to primary school: how family background and childcare experiences influence children's skills on school entry."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description A Duta - Presentation 'Against All Odds: A Study of Enabling Factors in Early Childhood for Non-Cognitive and Cognitive Outcomes' - the Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies Annual International Conference 2018 (Milan, Italy) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A Duta presented this paper, co-authored by C Iannelli, to an academic audience at the he Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies Annual International Conference 2018 in Milan on 9-11th November 2018.

To promote UI research and receive feedback by discussing preliminary results with an international academic audience specialised in quantitative longitudinal research.
To revise the analysis and incorporate the received feedback.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A Duta - Presentation at the Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies Annual International Conference 2019 - October 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at the Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies Annual International Conference 2019 (Potsdam, Germany) 'The Transition to Primary School: How Family Background and Childcare Experiences Influence Children's Skills on School Entry' , regular session, co-author: Prof. Emer Smyth.

This activity involved promotion of UI research and receive feedback by discussing preliminary results with an international academic audience specialised in quantitative longitudinal research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description A Duta - Scottish Educational Research Association Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presenting two papers: (1) Against all odds: A study of enabling factors in early childhood for non-cognitive and cognitive outcomes (Co-author: Cristina Iannelli) ; (2) The transition to primary education in Ireland and Scotland: the role of family background and preschool experiences (Co-author: Emer Smyth)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A Duta - Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies Annual International Conference 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A Duta presented a paper: Against All Odds: A Study of Enabling Factors in Early Childhood for Non-Cognitive and Cognitive Outcomes (Co-author: Cristina Iannelli)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A Duta - presentation at GUS Annual Conference 'Against All Odds: A Study of Enabling Factors in Early Childhood for Cognitive Outcomes' October 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact To promote UI research and receive feedback by discussing preliminary results with a mixed audience of policy officers, practitioners, academics and general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description A Duta -Presentation at the Scottish Educational Research Association - 21.11.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at the Scottish Educational Research Association (Glasgow, UK) 'Against all odds: A study of enabling factors in early childhood for non-cognitive and cognitive outcomes' (Co-author: Cristina Iannelli)

To promote UI research and receive feedback by discussing preliminary results with a national academic and practitioner audience specialised in Scottish education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A Duta Presentation - 'The transition to primary education in Ireland and Scotland: the role of family background and preschool experiences' - 23.11.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A Duta presented this paper, co-authored with Emer Smyth, at the Scottish Educational Research Association (Glasgow, UK).

The purpose was to promote UI research and receive feedback by discussing preliminary results with a national academic and practitioner audience specialised in Scottish education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A Duta Presentation at the International Sociological Association Research Committee 28 on Social Stratification and Mobility 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at the International Sociological Association Research Committee 28 on Social Stratification and Mobility - Spring Meeting: 'Inequalities in achieving a university degree: using a sibling design to disentangle the importance of individual and family factors' (Co-authors: Cristina Iannelli and Richard Breen)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Adepeju, Bannister, Langton - panel at ESC 2019 - Space, Place and Crime Working Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact To foster the worldwide participation of criminological scholars in our ongoing international collaborative research on shifting inequalities in the exposure to crime at the micro spatial levels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Adriana Duta, Cristina Iannelli and Francesca Fiori - Understanding the Attainment Gap blog - May 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Adriana Duta, Cristina Iannelli and Francesca Fiori co-wrote this blog following up from the In Conversation With event at Moray House School of Education in April. The aim of the blog was to raise awareness about the attainment gap, promote the main messages based on research and highlight potential solutions suggested by the participants at the MH event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.understanding-inequalities.ac.uk/project-blog/understanding-the-attainment-gap
 
Description B Matthews & S McVie - Blog - Developing a cross-national research agenda on crime and convictions: When will we catch up with our Scandinavian neighbours? Sept 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Matthews and McVie co-wrote this UI blog following a trip to Stockholm to discuss data access with colleagues there. SCADR were also involved in this visit and related work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.understanding-inequalities.ac.uk/project-blog/developing-a-cross-national-research-agend...
 
Description B Matthews & S McVie - Guest blog for Howard League Scotland on "Imprisonment and Inequality" - 18.9.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited blog post as part of HLS's Critical Issues in Scottish Penal Policy series; advertise work in RQ6
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.understanding-inequalities.ac.uk/project-blog/guest-blog-critical-issues-in-scottish-pena...
 
Description B Matthews - Presentation at Scottish Prison Service seminar series - December 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ben Matthews presented on 'Geographic variation in the relationship between deprivation and imprisonment in Scotland'. Sharing and promoting key findings from UI research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description B Matthews - UI Blog: What's driving Scotland's falling conviction rate? 14.8.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Ben co-wrote this blog with Josiah King (RA with SCADR)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.understanding-inequalities.ac.uk/project-blog/what's-driving-scotland's-falling-reconvict...
 
Description B Matthews - presentation - Geographic variation in the relationship between deprivation and imprisonment in Scotland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ben gave this presentation at 'Perspectives from the Edges of Exclusion and Punishment' early career academic network event. This session offered the opportunity for feedback on this work-in-progress paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.sccjr.ac.uk/news-events/events/peep-perspectives-from-the-edges-of-exclusion-and-punishm...
 
Description B Matthews - presentation at 19th annual conference of European Society of Criminology, September 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ben Matthews presented on 'Understanding how intersectional advantage and disadvantage affects criminal career trajectories: A multilevel approach' to promote key findings from UI research programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description B Matthews - presentation at Edinburgh University Q Step seminar series 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ben presented "Two countries, lots of models and one secret weapon: Two applications of the "many models" workflow". The purpose of this was to raise awareness of UI in Edinburgh quantitative social science community and present on methodological aspects of work in RQ6.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://bit.ly/2MrWajY
 
Description B Matthews, S McVie, J Bannister - - Workshop at Griffith University Criminology Insitute on Understanding Crime Inequalities 15.2.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Policy networking event as part of ESRC International Collaboration grant. We presented research-in-progress from UI research areas on crime and criminal justice to a mixed audience of academics from Griffith University (Australia) and Simon Fraser University (Canada), Queensland Correctional Services and Queensland Treasury. UI presentations were followed by round-table discussion.


This activity led to further discussion about potential collaborations. We shared analytical code used to analyse the Scottish Offenders Index with representatives from Queensland Treasury to allow them to conduct comparable analysis of their own data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Babak Jahanshahi - Presentation at 19th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, September 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Babak Jahanshahi presented on 'The relationship between search rates and crime rates in Scotland and the introduction of the code of practice.'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description C Iannelli & A Duta - presentation 'Understanding the attainment gap' at Moray House 'In conversation with' event April 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to education practitioners and (non-) governmental researchers during the knowledge exchange event 'In Conversation with Professor Cristina Iannelli and Dr Adriana Duta: Understanding the Attainment Gap'. The presentation was followed by round table discussions and open debate.

The purpose was to disseminate UI research among practitioners and engage in conversation with (head)teachers and (non-) governmental representatives with the purpose of identifying solutions to close the attainment gap.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description C Iannelli - Contributed to a roundtable discussion on Pupil Equity Funding (PEF) organised by the Royal Society of Edinburgh - 22.6.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact To develop an understanding of how PEF is being used to support the NIF priorities; to Help inform the plans for evaluating the PEF; and consider the connections between the PEF and the Education Research Strategy; and to discuss the contribution that the education research community can make.

A synopsis of the discussion was produced and circulated to participants (including SG representatives).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description C Iannelli - Keynote presentation at Scottish Government Statisticians event - 7.12.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation to SG statisticians about the use of quantitative data to analyse inequalities in education and subsequent labour market outcomes based on AQMeN and UI examples of research.
CI's slides were subsequently circulated among the participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description C Iannelli - Meeting of the Scottish Government Academic Reference Group - 'A Research Strategy for Scottish Education' - 1.11.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact During this meeting a summary of the research conducted by the RQ4 and RQ5 teams was presented.
The purpose was to identify and discuss evidence gaps and challenges, opportunities and priorities for educational research in Scotland going forward A written summary of the research conducted by the RQ4 and RQ5 teams was submitted to the SG organisers of the meeting and circulated among the participants in the meeting. 
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description C Iannelli - Meeting of the Scottish Government Academic Reference Group - A Research Strategy for Scottish Education. 11.4.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The aim of this meeting was to identify and discuss evidence gaps and challenges, opportunities and priorities for educational research in Scotland going forward. During the meeting, Cristina Iannelli discussed new data linkages related to the PISA data with SG representatives
Following the meeting, Cristina Iannelli submitted a draft research proposal (in collaboration with Lindsay Paterson and Adam Gamoran) to the Scottish Government.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description C Iannelli - Meeting with UNICEF and Scottish Government reps 29.4.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact To develop a research agenda focused on child poverty as part of the UNICEF Data for Children Hub. First research ideas were shared and further meetings were agreed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description C Iannelli - Meetings of the Research Advisory Group for Headteacher Survey on the senior phase of the Curriculum for Excellence 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact CI was approached to provide expert advice on the design and content of the survey
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description C Iannelli - Meetings of the Research Advisory Group for Headteacher Survey on the senior phase of the Curriculum for Excellence x 2 - 7/12/2018 and 24/1/2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The purpose of participating in these meetings was to provide expert advice on the design and content of the survey on curriculum for excellence.
Feedback on a draft questionnaire was provided which was taken on board by the survey organisers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description C Iannelli - Participation in the Data for children collaborative with UNICEF and Scottish Government - announced 23.9.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Data for Children Collaborative with UNICEF has officially launched in Scotland, with a series of projects set to explore how data can be used to improve the lives of children at home and abroad.

Three initial projects will examine how data can deliver new ways of tackling childhood obesity, address child poverty and improve child population estimates locally, nationally and globally.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://digit.fyi/data-for-children-collaborative-with-unicef-confirms-first-projects/
 
Description C Iannelli - Presentation - 'Inequalities in achieving a university degree: Using a sibling design to disentangle the importance of individual and family factors' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This presentation was delivered at the Understanding Inequalities International Policy Symposium 'The impact of inequalities in the early years on outcomes over the life course:Using international evidence to identify creative policy solutions', Scottish Parliament.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description C Iannelli - Social Research Association (SRA) 40th anniversary event.23.5.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Title and topic of the event: The researcher and the researched - an ever-changing relationship. The keynote speaker was Dr Audrey MacDougall - SG Chief Statistician
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description C Iannelli - UNICEF Data for Children Hub Workshop - 1.3.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact To develop the research questions that will form the initial roadmap of projects for the UNICEF Data for Children Hub, within the scope of the themes identified, via collaboration between policy advisers and analysts, academics, UNICEF experts and data experts

First draft questions were discussed. Further consultations will follow.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description C Iannelli - presentation at 26th 'Transition in Youth' annual workshop on 'Youth Transitions in Challenging Times' in Mannheim - 5-8 September 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact CI presented this paper, co-authored by A Duta and B Wielgoszewska.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description CI - Advisory Group meeting for a new Nuffield-funded project on the implementation of the Curriculum for Excellence - 17.12.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact CI is feeding into this advisory group on an on-going basis.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description CI - Meeting of the Scottish Government Academic Reference Group - A Research Strategy for Scottish Education - 15/11/2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Meeting as part of CI's on-going role to feed in UI evidence to this expert panel.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description CI - Meeting with Scottish Government Head of Education Analytical Services 28.6.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Meeting with Mick Wilson (Head of Education Analytical Services at the SG) and Keith Dryburgh. To discuss PISA-SQA linkages, our proposed research using these data and potential impact on current policies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description CI - Meeting with UNICEF and Scottish Government representatives - 9-10th September 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact To develop a research agenda focused on child poverty as part of the UNICEF Data for Children Hub. This work is ongoing and CI is feeding in evidence from the UI project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description CI - Meetings of the Research Advisory Group for Headteacher Survey on the senior phase of the Curriculum for Excellence - 31.7.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact CI has been feeding into this expert working group and this meeting was to provide feedback on the final report from the Research Advisory Group for Headteacher Survey on the senior phase of the Curriculum for Excellence before publication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description D Olner - Data visualisation of IMD Data - September 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dan developed a bespoke interactive map which illustrates the changes in deprivation between English local authorities in 2015 compared with 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.taleoftwocountries.org/
 
Description E Smyth - Presentation at the Educational Studies Association of Ireland Annual Conference, Sligo (Ireland) April 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Promote UI research 'The transition to primary school: how family background and childcare experiences influence children's skills on school entry' and receive feedback by discussing preliminary results with an international academic audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description E Smyth - presentation - The transition to primary school: how family background and childcare experiences influence children's skills on school entry' - March 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This presentation was given at the Understanding Inequalities International Policy Symposium 'The impact of inequalities in the early years on outcomes over the life course:Using international evidence to identify creative policy solutions', Scottish Parliament . The aim of the day was to contribute to discussion regarding the implications of research evidence for policy decision making and developing effective modes of practice.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description ESRC Festival of Social Science event - 20 years of devolution: how have inequalities in Scotland changed?- Glasgow, 8.11.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact UI Public Engagement event as part of the ESRC FoSS. Findings from across the UI research areas were prsented to a mixed audience of policy, practitioner, third sector, community groups and private citizens in Glasgow. Presentations and faciliated workshop discussion led to a lively day of debate and discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.understanding-inequalities.ac.uk/event/20-years-of-devolution-how-have-inequalities-in-gl...
 
Description Event: Driving forward data informed approaches to policing: Using police data to assess demand, inform deployment and address priorities - 24.10.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A workshop was held on 24th October 2019 to discuss data informed approaches to policing.
The main aim of the workshop was to generate discussion aimed at informing the strategic
direction of data-use for research purposes to inform, support and improve priority areas of
policing practice in Scotland.
The workshop was attended by around 30 participants from a range of organisations,
including Police Scotland, the Scottish Police Authority, the Violence Reduction Unit, HM
Inspectorate of Constabulary in Scotland, the Information Commissioner's Office, and a
variety of Scottish Universities. The event was chaired by Barry Sillers (Scottish Police
Authority) and presentations were given by Denis Hamill (Chief Data Officer for Police
Scotland), Supt Stan Gilmour (Thames Valley Police), Professor Jon Bannister (Manchester
Metropolitan University) and Professor Susan McVie (University of Edinburgh).
Subsequently invited to participate in two SPA roundtable events on policing, research and data (Dec 2019 and Feb 2020).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description F Fiori - Presentation at the Q-Step research Seminars of the School of Social and Political Science (University of Edinburgh) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Francesca Fiori shared the details of her UI research into lone mothers, focusing on the quantitative methods used during this research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description F Fiori - Presentation to Scottish Government Growing Up in Scotland team & other research/statistician teams - December 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Francesca Fiori presented on 'Maternal employment and the wellbeing of children living with a lone-mother in Scotland' to a group comprising the team of researchers and statisticians who work with the Growing Up in Scotland survey dataset.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description F Fiori - Seminar at the Population Health Research Cluster at University of St Andrews - 21.1.20 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Francesca Fiori presented her research on the lone mothers, employment and child wellbeing to the University of St Andrews Population and Health Research Group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description G Pryce & D Olner - cited in The Independent re their research on the impact of EU immigration on the UK labour market 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact UI researchers G Pryce and D Olner with Bernard Fingleton (Cambridge) published research that found that EU migration has had a significantly positive effect on the UK labour market. As this is highly relevant to the Brexit debate - given that the perceived "negative" impact of migration was one of the leading arguments for the 'leave' campaign - a media release was issued highlighting the findings.

See Urban Studies https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0042098019887916 for the related article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/brexit-eu-nationals-jobs-employment-migrants-london-...
 
Description G Pryce & ML Zhang - Conference call with Improvement Service re new paper measuring neighbourhood inequalities - 17.8.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact GP and MLZ shared details of new paper and methodology with Improvement Service who are keen to use this as part of their Outcomes Evidence and Performance Board report

IS to review the paper shared by GP with a view to including findings in report
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.improvementservice.org.uk/oepb.html
 
Description G Pryce - The Conversation article - Inequality in Scotland: despite Nordic aspirations, things are not improving 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact G Pryce wrote a piece for The Conversation introducing the UI project and giving an overview of the factors which have led to the increase of inequalities since devolution in 1998.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://theconversation.com/inequality-in-scotland-despite-nordic-aspirations-things-are-not-improvi...
 
Description G Pryce - quoted in I News re blog piece in The Conversation about inequality in Scotland since devolution 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact GP was quoted in I News following the blog he wrote for The Conversation about the increase in inequality since devolution - linked to Festival of Social Science event n 7.11.18
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://inews.co.uk/news/scotland/inequality-in-scotland-has-got-worse-in-the-last-20-years-finds-re...
 
Description G Pryce - quoted in The Ferret re blog piece in The Conversation about inequality in Scotland since devolution 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article quoted G Pryce's blog for The Conversation re inequality in Scotland having increased in the 20 year period since devolution. Links to FOSS event on 8.11.18
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://theferret.scot/inequality-scotland-devolution/
 
Description G Pryce, B Fingleton & D Olner - Blog in The Conversation - 'Immigration: there is a gaping hole in the debate over how it affects everyone's job prospects' - 13.1.20 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact GP published a piece in The Conversation titled 'Immigration: there is a gaping hole in the debate over how it affects everyone's job prospects'. Based on work co-authored with Bernie Fingleton and Dan Olner, this blog connects with a recently published paper in the Journal of Urban Studies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://theconversation.com/immigration-there-is-a-gaping-hole-in-the-debate-over-how-it-affects-eve...
 
Description GP and MZ presented to a group of Scottish Government Statisticians - 3.12.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact GP and MZ were invited to present their work on the inequality index that they have developed and their work on the decentralisation of poverty, at a lunchtime seminar to Scottish Gov statisticians.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description J Bannister & MMU colleagues - ESRC Festival of Social Science - 'Using Big Data to uncover inequalities in the exposure to crime'. Nov 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact MMU UI team participated in the 2019 FoSS sharing findings from their research into inequalities in the exposure to crime.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description J Bannister - presentation of findings on the policing of vulnerability to the Senior Leadership Forum of Greater Manchester Police 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Chief Constable reported that he spoke to UI research at the recent NPCC forum at the Home Office and that this was reported in the media - I have not been able to find reference to this).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description J Bannister - Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis Symposium, Guangzhou University - June 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact JB presented on 'Planetary Urban Criminology' at the Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis Symposium at Guangzhou University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description J Bannister - MMU knife crime research & collaboration with the GM VRU cited in Stop Knife Crime website - January 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Stop Knife Crime is a website that raises awareness about knife crime and the work taking place to tackle it. The article covers the £3million received by the Violence Reduction Unit "Work with academics at the Manchester Metropolitan University to develop a clearer picture of the causes of violent crime".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://stopknifecrimes.co.uk/manchester/violence-reduction-unit/
 
Description J Bannister - MMU knife crime research cited in Manchester Evening News - 19.9.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Jon Bannister and the team at MMU have been working with Greater Manchester Police to analyse the increase in knife crime.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/greater-manchester-news/its-not-just-london-problem-169...
 
Description J Bannister - Meeting with Greater Manchester Police to discuss research specification, methodology and format of outputs from the UI project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The aim of this dialogue was to agree research and dissemination (policy and practice) plans.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description J Bannister - Meeting with Greater Manchester Police to outline emergent UI results and discuss implications for practice 14/11/2018 and 11/12/2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Brief research presentations and discuss of operational implications of UI findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description J Bannister - Presentation of key findings on the policing of vulnerability to the Chief Constable of Greater Manchester Police. 10.2.20 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation and discussion of UI findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description J Bannister - Presentation on Understanding and Addressing Vulnerability at the Excellence in Policing Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact JB presented UI findings at this conference in September 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description J Bannister and S McVie - Police Scotland Seminar, Scottish Police College, Tullialan December 19 and Feb 20 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jon and Susan participated in two round table discussion workshops hosted by Police Scotland and the Scottish Police Authority in December 2019 and February 2020 to discuss policing, use of policing data and statistics in public discourse and 'Bridging the gap between Research Evidence and Police Action'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
 
Description Jon B - Meeting with Greater Manchester Police - 30th November 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The aim of this meeting was to introduce the UI project and discuss mutual priorities. Outcomes - Research agreement to be amended to incorporate UI.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Jon B - Meeting with the Home Office - 5th December 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact To present research plans on inequalities in the exposure to crime / alcohol Outcome - On-going dialogue established with alcohol related teams at HO
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description K Lymperopoulou & J Bannister - UI Blog Is crime in Glasgow following poverty and dispersing to the suburbs? - 21.1.20 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Part of the UI blog series to distil key findings and share the research with a wider audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://bit.ly/2RA9pPz
 
Description K Lymperopoulou - Meetings at the The European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control, University of Helsinki, t 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This conference is affiliated with the United Nations (HEUNI) and the Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy (KRIMO) at the University of Helsinki. KL attended to discuss the UI research programme and future collaboration, particularly the development of international comparative research on inequalities in exposure to crime. The visit at Helsinki was supported by MMU's International Research Partnership Fund.

Discussed collaboration on a project focusing on shifting inequalities in exposure to crime in UK, European and US cities. KRIMO will scope plan for the analysis of crime accross neigfhbourhods in Helsinki drawing on Finnish Police data held at KRIMO. Follow up meetings to develop this work are planned and likely to take place in Manchester.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description ML Zhang & G Pryce - presentation to SG Data analysts re Decentralisation of Poverty 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation of UI work on decentralisation of poverty and spatial inequality to Scottish Government statisticians as part of their seminar series in December 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description McAra & McVie - Presentation - re 'Care to crime cycle': Challenges for theory, method and policy - 9th May 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The aim of this presentation was to promote key findings from UI research programme and engage practitioners including senior members of the judiciary, social workers, youth workers and policy makers from local and central government.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description McAra & McVie - Presentation at 19th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, Sept 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact McAra and McVie presented on 'How do early inequalities and adverse experiences impact on offending and criminal convictions over the life-course?'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Katherine Hudson- SG Poverty and Inequality Commission and Emma Congreve - SG Communities Analysis Division. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Purpose of meeting: to discuss the UI research programme and identify areas for collaboration/co-production
Outcomes: to review research questions in light of discussion and invite to later stakeholder meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with Scottish Government Inequalities Analysis Group - 6th Novembe 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact UI team were invited to present to the Scottish Government Inequalities Analysis Group to promote the UI research project and identify key areas of co-production/collaboration with stakeholders. This involved a presentation of research questions and discussion of links to Scottish Government priorities across all areas including health, justice, environment, education, housing/regeneration.

The outcome - SG to identify priority areas and discuss further following the meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Meeting with justice analytical services representatives from Scottish Government in Edinburgh. 27.2.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact To discuss the UI research programme and identify areas for collaboration/co-production.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with the National Violence Prevention Board. - Jon Bannister - 11th October 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact To introduce the UI project to the NVPB, particularly the crime strand.

Outcome - Agreement to arrange meetings with multiple groups in Police Scotland to discuss research priorities / Jon Bannister to lead
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Partner Stakeholder meeting 1 - 11th December 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact First meeting of the Partner Stakeholder Group took place at the Scottish Parliament. UI Co-Is presented the research questions. Stakeholder Partners shared their organisational priorities followed by discussion about how their focus and priorities connect with the RQs; discussion about potential for joint working and co-production.
Outcome - UI team to follow up with partners individually to take forward the discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation to Griffiths University and Queensland Government staff 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Susan McVie and Ben Matthews gave a presentation for academic staff and government officials on the Understanding Inequalities programme and specific research conducted on the Queensland Linkage Project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description S McVIe & C Iannelli - Meeting with Improvement Service - 4.4.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion of key aspects of UI research that will be relevant to IS; discussion of areas for collaboration; discussion re other networks and organisations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie & B Jahanshahi - Research meeting with members of the Police Scotland national Stop and Search Unit 8.8.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Feedback to the National Stop and Search Unit of Police Scotland on findings from our UI research on stop and search and crime rates. Contributed to ongoing debate in this area of policing work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description S McVie & B Jahanshahi - presentation to members of the Police Scotland national Stop and Search Unit - 26.2.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on preliminary findings from our analysis of the relationship between stop and search and crime rates. Significant interest in the paper and request to be kept informed. Academic paper in preparation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description S McVie - A talk for staff at Griffith University, Brisbane. 22.2.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Highlighting the new programme of UI research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - ADRP Workshop on offending/reoffending data at the UKRI offices in London - 13.2.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participated in a meeting to discuss potential and priorities for using administrative data to study offending and re-offending, including inequalities in patterns of behaviour. Various follow up emails and meetings as a result of this workshop. Invited to join the Ministry of Justice Data First Academic Advisory Group (Jan 2020).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description S McVie - Advisory group meeting on the impact of minimum unit pricing on crime, safety and public nuisance evaluation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion of the evaluation strategy for measuring the impact of MUP on crime and disorder in Scotland - using UI research to inform development of further policy

NHS Scotland to develop a research specification around MUP.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - Blog - How changes to childhood have contributed to the crime drop in Scotland. - July 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact S McVie wrote this UI blog in response to the July release of SCJS stats and reflecting on the youth crime figures.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.understanding-inequalities.ac.uk/project-blog/how-changes-to-childhood-have-contributed-t...
 
Description S McVie - Building Safer Communities Progress and Improvement Framework meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion about using UI research data to support the monitoring of BSC programme work
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - Building Safer Communities board meeting 17.4.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion of the issues impacting on crime inequality and strategic discussion about the focus of the Board moving forward. Presentation of AQMeN research findings, and discussion of UI projects that are of relevance to BSC.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - Darren McGarvey's Scotland - Susan participated in an episode of this BBC Scotland Documentary Series which looks at poverty & inequality in Scotland - Oct 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact san McVie, appeared in the second episode of the series which focused on crime in Edinburgh. Drawing on research from the UI project, Susan gave Darren McGarvey (aka Scottish rapper Loki) with a tour of Edinburgh neighbourhoods and injected key findings on poverty, inequality and crime during the course of the programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m00087lh
 
Description S McVie - Event on data led by the Official for Statistical Regulation, Ed Humpherson 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Involved in discussion and debate about the lack of policing data available for research in Scotland.
Gave opportunity to discuss this with MSPs and ask them to query this in parliamentary debates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description S McVie - Growing Up in Scotland conference - 7th December 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Growing Up in Scotland (GUS) Annual Conference, Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh.  McVie presented a paper titled 'How is crime inequality shaped by social change & the effects of justice systems?'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description S McVie - Interview for BBC Radio 4 Law in Action - 11th February 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Radio interview on BBC Radio 4 Law in Action on the measuring of prevalence in the population of criminal conviction.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - Introductory meeting with Denis Hamill, the new Chief Data Officer for Police Scotland. 8.8.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting to discuss the possibilities around sharing of police data to enable further research work on crime inequalities.
Agreed to host an event on this topic, at which Denis would contribute. This meeting led to UI hosting a Policing Data event with Police Scotland and SCADR in October 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description S McVie - Lecture for the Faculty of Advocates 'Euro Devils' on young people, crime and inequality in Scotland. - 5th April 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Highlighting the new programme of UI research that will be forthcoming and presenting key findings from AQMeN research on youth crime and justice.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - Meeting of the Blue Lights Tactical Group - 8th January 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting of the Blue Lights Tactical Group at Dalmarnock to discuss the development of research around emergency services and vulnerability.  This research will measure inequality in terms of the emergency response to specific types of inequality in Scotland. 
Outcome/follow up - To develop a more specific proposal for agreement by Police Scotland, Scottish Fire and Rescue and the Scottish Ambulance Service
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - Meeting of the Building Safer Communities Phase 2 Executive Group on Unintentional Harm 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Building Safer Communities Working Group includes reps from SG, Fire Service, Health, Social Care, COSLA, RoSPA, etc.
Purpose - To discuss the possibility of developing a national strategy for preventing unintentional injury, and examining aspects of social and economic inequality that underpin that.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - Meeting of the Building Safer Communities Phase 2 Executive Group on Unintentional Harm - including reps from SG, Fire Service, Health, Social Care, COSLA, RoSPA, etc 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact To discuss the possibility of developing a national strategy for preventing unintentional injury, and examining aspects of social and economic inequality that underpin that
SG to take forward development of a national strategy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - Meeting of the Scottish Sentencing Council discussion on young people- 8.5.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of information and data on the causes and consequences of offending amongst young people, and the implications of different sentencing policies - with a view to developing new sentencing guidelines for young people
Findings from the research to be included in decision making around developing a new set of sentencing guidelines for young people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - Meeting with Chief Sup. Int. Paul Main re ACE informed policing policies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion about ACE informed policing policies and possibility of conducting some research on policing and young people to inform development of practice and policy
Susan to contact Police Scotland about taking forward research using police data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - Meeting with Frances Warren from Scottish Government - 11.6.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion about existing research on violence and identify gaps that could be filled through further research. Highlighted that the UI project will be looking at some issues around violence and inequality.
SG to make some funding available for gap analysis and small scale work to develop a larger programme of research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - Meeting with Police Scotland and Scottish Government to discuss research priorities using policing data. 17.1.20 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Conversation with Denis Hamill from Police Scotland and Amy Wilson, Neil Grant and David G from Scottish Govermnent around reseach priorities on inequality. Further discussion required. Another meeting scheduled for February 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description S McVie - Meeting with the Director of Business Integration from Police Scotland 19.3.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Focus of the meeting was to discuss Police Scotland analytical functions, capabilities and structures; and to consider ways of sharing Police Scotland data for research on inequalities.
Led to the development of our Policing Data event (October 2019)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description S McVie - Meeting with the Home Office, Public Health England, Ministry of Justice and a range of other policy representatives. Jan 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Focus of meeting was to discuss potential and priorities for using administrative data to study crime inequalities Various follow up emails and meetings as a result of this workshop. Outcome: Invited to join the Ministry of Justice Data First Academic Advisory Group (Jan 2020).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description S McVie - Participation in SG Child Poverty Action Plan workshop - 16.4.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Scottish Government workshop to discuss the indicators that will be required to monitor the success of the Child Poverty Action Plan
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - Participation in a review of research on violence in Scotland - involved being interviewed as part of a wider study 23.1.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Provided details of our research to the Glasgow University academic conducting the review.
The published SCCJR report titled 'Taking Stock of Violence in Scotland' heavily cited our work on inequality and crime in Scotland. This resulted in further research on repeat victims of violence being commissioned by the Scottish Government.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.sccjr.ac.uk/publications/taking-stock-of-violence-in-scotland/
 
Description S McVie - Police Scotland Demand, Productivity and Performance Reference Group event - 1st December 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Police Scotland Demand, Productivity and Performance Reference Group event at Jackton to discuss the development of policing in Scotland with senior officers.  The aim of this meeting was to identify key areas of research of importance to Police Scotland planning Outcomes - ACC Malcolm Graham to develop a programme of work and commission further work/research around demand and productivity.  Reference Group to reconvene at a later date.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description S McVie - Police Scotland National Alcohol, Drugs and Other Substance Use Violence Group Meeting - 13.8.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation in the meeting, discussing inequality and violence research by UI team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description S McVie - Quoted in The I Newspaper re violence rates in capacity as SCCJR representative 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact "Number of murders and homicides in Scotland drops to lowest rate in 42 years"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://inews.co.uk/news/scotland/homicides-figures-at-all-time-scottish-low/
 
Description S McVie - Scottish Prisons Commission 10th year anniversary event - 29.6.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to policy makers and commissioners using current prison statistics and data.
Invitation to write up presentation for Howard League ECAN bulletin
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - interviewed for BBC Scotland 8th March 2019 - 'Is there a link between Scotland's exclusion rates and knife crime?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact McVie was interviewed for the piece by Nichola Rutherford about the increase in knife crime in England and whether this links to school exclusion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-47484927?intlink_from_url=&
 
Description S McVie - interviewed on BBC Radio Scotland - discussing the minimum age of criminal responsibility 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Susan was discussing the proposed changes by the Scottish Parliament to raise the minimum age of criminal responsibility to 12.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m00011j1
 
Description S McVie - keynote at Keynote address at the Applied Research Crime and Justice Conference organised by Griffith University in Brisbane. 15th Feb 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote address at the Applied Research Crime and Justice Conference organised by Griffith University in Brisbane.  Attended by a mixture of academics, government statisticians, police officers, youth justice workers and policy makers.

Highlighting the new programme of UI research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - presentation at SPA Roundtable discussion on 'The use of policing data and statistics in public discourse' - Feb 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Susan McVie presented on 'Current research & evidence using policing data & statistics'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.spa.police.uk/assets/611486/611493/newslettermarchevent
 
Description S McVie - presentation of Crime data comic and feedback session with Advanced Higher school children from Dunbar Grammar School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Presented on our understanding inequalities research; and product tested our draft data comic. Good feedback provided.
Will redraft the data comic in line with comments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description S McVie - quoted in The Guardian re the implications of changes to census questions - 9.1.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Scotland census: sex question changes 'may risk reliability of data

Published 9.1.19
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/09/scotland-census-sex-question-changes-may-risk-reliabil...
 
Description S McVie - quoted in The Times re proposed changes to the census - 6th February 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Headline: 'Non-binary' sex option will not appear on the next census'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/non-binary-sex-option-will-not-appear-on-next-census-7d86dks72
 
Description S McVie - quoted in Wired UK online article about rise in UK knife crime and links to police cuts - 7.3.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact McVie and fellow SCCJR criminologists comment on the debate around who is to blame for the recent increase in knife crime in England and Wales. Published online 7.3.19
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.wired.co.uk/article/uk-knife-crime-london-statistics
 
Description S McVie - quoted in the Washington Post re violence rates and the work of the VRU in Scotland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Glasgow was once the 'murder capital of Europe.' Now it's a model for cutting crime
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/glasgow-was-once-the-murder-capital-of-europe-now-its-a-...
 
Description S McVie - talk at Monash University 19.2.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact A talk for policy makers (including government officials), third sector representatives and academics at the Victoria State Library in Melbourne, organised by Monash University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie - talk for youth justice policy makers, Brisbane 21.2.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A talk for youth justice policy makers from the Department of Child Safety, Youth and Women, Queensland Government in Brisbane.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie cited in The Guardian piece on the implication of changes to census questions 9.1.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Susan McVie was cited as an expert in this Guardian newspaper article, published 9.1.19


Headline: 1Scotland census: sex question changes 'may risk reliability of data
Subheadline: Proposed changes to a question about biological sex, asked in Scotland's next census, risk undermining the reliability of the survey and set a difficult precedent for equalities protection, experts have said.

Excerpt: Susan McVie, also a professor and chair of quantitative criminology at Edinburgh University's law school, said: "If we are to properly understand the relationship between sex and gender identity and how that impacts on factors such as health, the likelihood of getting a job and attainment in education, we need to disentangle those things so that we can have a much clearer picture."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/09/scotland-census-sex-question-changes-may-risk-reliabil...
 
Description S McVie quoted in The Herald - How Scotland could treat sex crimes as 'public health issue' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Discussing criminal behaviour of young people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.heraldscotland.com/news/17316624.how-scotland-could-treat-sex-crimes-as-public-health-is...
 
Description S McVie, C Iannelli - Meeting with Poverty Truth Commission - 22nd January 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Meeting with Poverty Truth Commission in Glasgow to discuss the UI research programme and identify areas for collaboration/co-production. On-going as part of stakeholder engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie, C Iannelli - Meeting with Scottish Community Development Centre (SCDC) -10th January 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Meeting with David Allan, Scottish Community Development Centre, to discuss strategy in terms of community engagement with UI research.
On-going - David Allan to produce a proposal for community engagement activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie, C Iannelli, F Barlow - Meeting with Andrew Magwowan, Inspiring Scotland and Link Up project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Meeting to share details of UI research plans and activities with Andrew Magowan who leads the Link Up project - a community based third sector programme of work which helps empower and build capacity in disadvantaged communities in Scotland.

A M also keen to assist with invitation dissemination for the Festival of Social Science event in November 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie, F Barlow - Building Safer Communities learning event - policy, practitioners and third sector organisations -19.4.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Learning event to discuss unintentional harm and identify ways of preventing and intervening; lots of discussion about data sharing and the issue of inequality

Contact key individuals about identifying data relevant to UI.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description S McVie, F Barlow - Meeting with Glasgow City Council Poverty Leadership Panel leader Gerry Quinn, GCC Policy Officer Louise McKenzie and Dr Jim McCormick, Assistant Director for Scotland for Joseph Rowntree Foundation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion of key aspects of UI research that will be relevant to JRF and GCC PLP; discussion of areas for collaboration; discussion re other networks and orgs for UI to link with Invite to the FoSS event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description SM & L McAra - Drummond Hunter Memorial Lecture at the University of Edinburgh. 'Youth Justice coming of Age?' - 28th November 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This presentation shared details of the research around social inequalities and the criminal justice system.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SM - Meeting with Police Scotland Demand, Productivity and Performance Reference Group at Tulliallan - 22nd November 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The purpose was to discuss developing new research activity around policing in Scotland, including inequality in demand and response.
The outcome was agreement to attend a further meeting of the Reference Group along with senior officers from across Scotland at Jackton on 1st December.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SMcVie - Radio interview with Radio France Internationale about the reduction in violent crime in Scotland - 1.7.19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact SM discussed research findings on the crime drop in Scotland, in particular violent crime and measures such as the Violence Reduction Unit.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://en.rfi.fr/20190622-How-Scotland-took-knife-crime-and-won
 
Description Summary report from UI event - Driving forward data-informed approaches to policing - January 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact UI held a joint event with SCADR and Police Scotland to discuss data-informed approaches to policing. This event took place in October 2019 and was attended by 34 people. This report summarises the presentations and the facilitated workshop discussion which followed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://www.understanding-inequalities.ac.uk/summary-report-driving-forward-data-informed-approaches...
 
Description Symposium on the impact of childhood inequalities over the life course 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This international symposium brought together academics with a large group of practitioners and policy makers to discuss the issue of inequalities and adversity in early childhood and how it impacts in childhood, adolescence and into adulthood. This symposium focused mainly on justice and education inequalities; however, it also covered a wider range of issues including health, social care, poverty and adverse childhood experiences. The event was chaired by the Chief Social Policy Advisor to the Scottish Government, and was attended by a wide range of policy makers and practitioners, including teachers, civil servants, police officers and children's representatives.

The aim of the event was to share international research evidence with policy makers and practitioners and discuss potential new policy solutions to the problem of childhood inequalities. We are in the process of producing a government briefing paper from this event, which will be shared with the participants and more widely with practitioners and policy makers. Further impact will be reported in the next submission.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description UI Blog post B Matthews: 'Is the relationship between imprisonment and deprivation in Scotland at its most pronounced in Glasgow?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ben produced this blog, originally published by the Howard League for Penal Reform (Scotland) Early Career Academics Network Bulletin about his research into the links between neighbourhood deprivation and rates of imprisonment in Scotland's largest city.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://howardleague.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/ECAN-bulletin-Spring-2019.pdf
 
Description UI International Networking Symposium on The impact of inequalities in the early years on outcomes over the life course: using international evidence to identity creative policy solutions- 11th March 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Funded by the ESRC International Networking Grant, we held a one-day symposium on 11th March at the Scottish Parliament to bring together international academics who are researching the impact of disadvantage and inequality in the early years. The symposium event involved five leading academics from the US, Australia, New Zealand and Israel plus a policy respondent from the US and two from the UK. Together with four presentations from the UI project team based in the UK and Ireland, the international speakers provided evidence and insights in to childhood inequalities across education, criminal justice and poverty in their jurisdictions.
The audience was comprised mainly of policy makers from national government in Scotland as well as public health, education practitioners and local government (Glasgow).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description UI blog - K Murray, S McVie - 'Data matters: Recording sex and gender identity in the Criminal Justice System' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Kath Murray on the potential impact of the proposed change to census data collection around sex and gender.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.understanding-inequalities.ac.uk/project-blog/data-matters-recording-sex-and-gender-ident...
 
Description s Mcvie - meetings/discussions with BBC producer Lucy Adams, 22 and 28th March 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Discussion about the possibility of developing a feature on crime inequalities in Scotland.

Further discussion about the possibility of developing a feature on crime inequalities in Scotland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018