Social Trust, Crisis Perceptions, and Viral Misinformation over the Course of the Covid-19 Emergency Period

Lead Research Organisation: University of Bristol
Department Name: Sociology

Abstract

Effective mitigation of the coronavirus health crisis partly depends on trust that the measures which are being imposed are worthwhile, and that the people who have decided them are trustworthy. Such basic trust has come under pressure over time, partly as society has become more questioning, and more recently through the spread of conspiracism online. There is some evidence of online actors exploiting the current emergency to generate distrust and undermine vaccine confidence. Widespread sense of insecurity - whether health-related, or due to economic hardship - may also sharpen distrust of authority.

Undermining of public trust may inhibit return to stronger lockdown measures, the management of exit from lockdown, rollout of testing and contact tracing, and introduction of vaccination programmes. Governments and public health bodies accordingly need high-quality evidence on the sources of distrust and noncompliance, and on the health and public security threats posed by the dissemination of conspiracism.

We will analyse whether endorsement of conspiratorial accounts of the pandemic undermines trust and compliance, or whether the relationship works the other way around. This will be delivered through robust analysis of new, high-quality survey data tracking both those who endorse conspiratorial views and those who do not over the coming months. Subject to their agreement, we will also sample respondents' posts from a popular microblogging service, to track their online information sharing against their reported attitudes, identities and behaviours.

Publications

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Description The award is funding a three-wave survey, with one wave already fielded in November and December 2020. From that we identified relationships between conspiracist beliefs and vaccine hesitancy, of urgent relevance as the Covid-19 vaccines were first being offered to the public from December 2020. We also identified relationships between generalised and institutional trust and vaccine confidence. A paper drawing on earlier secondary datasets has also been accepted in the journal Vaccine, identifying relationships between social media consumption, political values and confidence in a potential future Covid-19 vaccine should it be developed. Preparations are currently underway to develop a questionnaire to capture attitudes and beliefs in March 2021, with a third wave to be fielded in July.
Exploitation Route Findings are being fed into Whitehall via media and project partners to inform health communication strategies. They have also been communicated to academic audiences to inform methods for studying attitudes, trust and vaccine confidence in the context of the coronavirus crisis.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL https://www.kcl.ac.uk/policy-institute/assets/coronavirus-conspiracies-and-views-of-vaccination.pdf