CROPROTECT: a knowledge exchange system to support UK growers in sustainable crop protection to allow efficient crop production

Lead Research Organisation: Rothamsted Research
Department Name: Biointeractions and Crop Protection

Abstract

To ensure efficient crop production and to avoid wasting the land, water and nutrient resources used, it is essential that crop losses to attacking pests, weeds and diseases are prevented as much as possible. These attacking organisms have been managed primarily with pesticides for the last few decades but now alternative solutions need to be delivered.

Currently there is a disconnect between the R&D community and the farming industry. This must change if farmers and agronomists are to be better informed and with the expanding capacity and reach of information technology there is a real prospect of delivering location specific farming advice. To allow innovation, a system is needed to 1) identify best practise and 2) transfer information about best practice to farmers and agronomists. UK agriculture and horticulture are facing huge challenges (highlighted in the National Farmers Union healthy harvest report) as conventional pesticides are being restricted by legislation and lost to resistance. This project will develop a web-based knowledge exchange system to support growers by providing evidence based information about integrated pest management (IPM) and alternatives to pesticides. Currently much of the information that is readily available relates only to pesticides and there is a lack of awareness of alternatives. Information is also needed because alternatives are often more complicated to use.

The knowledge exchange framework built by the project will be web-based and comprise a number of linked modules: 1) a grower interface where farm information and crop protection needs is entered by farmers. Growers will input details of their pest, weed and disease challenges; 2) a geographic information system where farm data are held and mapped spatially; 3) a module gathering information about potential solutions. This part of the system will be driven by curated data obtained from disparate industry and academic sources regarding pest, weed and disease management recommendations; 4) an information processing and design of IPM systems module which will be at the hub of the system, and 5) an information delivery module that will provide relevant solutions to individual users. The outcome will be a crop health web portal growers could visit and obtain relevant advice about IPM.

The system will co-ordinate and connect grower data with information to allow the design and provision of pest management solutions. It will be a two-way system and allow us to obtain a detailed picture of the challenges growers face. The basic framework will be generic and units will be built for each of the major UK crops. As different units are added and the system develops it will build a detailed picture of both problems and best pest management practices. The system will thus make use of information technology to provide better information about pesticide alternatives. This will have substantial economic, environmental and societal benefits in terms of minimising crop losses, optimising control strategies, improving competitiveness and reducing environmental footprint.

The project is expected to make advances in web-based knowledge transfer systems. It will create and develop a system for gathering location specific data in a geographic information system with problem solving modules. The very real challenges farmers face in crop protection mean that a new communication system will be developed to provide answers about solutions. The current project is designed to address crop protection but lessons learnt could be used in development of other problem-solving systems.

Planned Impact

Much of current crop protection, at the farm level, is still based on pesticides. Knowledge exchange is an essential component of the promotion of IPM and alternative approaches therefore the project will fulfil a vital role in implementation of the "Sustainable Use Directive", EU directive 2009-128, which not only places restrictions on the use of conventional toxic pesticides but also has a requirement for "Promoting the use of IPM (integrated pest management) and of alternative approaches". This project will provide a new framework for knowledge exchange.

Stakeholder group 1: Farmers and agronomists. The project will create, develop and provide a web-based knowledge exchange system for crop health. It will identify best practise for crop protection and share relevant information tailored to their location and requirements. New solutions are needed as pesticide options are being taken away. For example, herbicide resistance is threatening the viability of Winter wheat which may have to be drilled in the Spring in large areas of the UK to avoid blackgrass (Paul Brown, Frontier) but this means lower wheat yield. Insect pest management in oilseed rape is becoming more difficult after the neonicotinoid restriction - one farmer (Andrew Howard) recently wrote that flea beetle problems meant that he was considering stopping growing the crop. Sustainable intensification will require more "knowledge per hectare" (RISE report 2014). The project will unlock new options, such as cultural control methods, use of resistant varieties and biocontrol by making farmers and agronomists aware of them. Farm business viability will be improved and the sustainability of important crops such as oilseed rape and Winter wheat would be improved.

Stakeholder group 2: Processors and retailers. The project will provide strategic information to the UK agricultural industry to maintain competitiveness and home-grown production systems. The vulnerability of production systems to yield instability and loss of quality will be reduced because the project will help to fill the gap left as pesticide use is restricted. This will reduce the risk of relying on imported food. Furthermore, by reducing reliance on pesticides, pesticide residues in food and water will be reduced which will benefit this stakeholder group.

Stakeholder group 3: Policymakers, researchers and support industries concerned with farming. The project will provide strategic information on farmer experiences of pests, weeds and diseases that will allow improvement of policies, research, products or services. The project will particularly benefit the Agricultural Informatics community. The spatial information about location of pests, weeds and diseases would be a powerful resource for integration with weather data and Sarah Jackson from the MET office has expressed an interest in this. As increasing numbers of farmers and agronomists use the system the 'crowd-sourced' information will become more powerful and will allow formulation of evidenced based policy and targeted provision of products and services. The system addresses a particular concern for UK farmers and agronomists but could also serve as a prototype for developing farming advice services globally. The system will be primarily web based because this will maximise the availability of the information, allow regular updating and real time two-way information exchange. It will be an interactive system driven by user requirements.

Stakeholder group 4: Consumers. The project would help to maintain efficient production systems which will feed through to maintaining reasonable food prices. Many consumers dislike pesticide use and this project would help to minimise their use by providing information about alternatives to farmers. There would also be environmental benefit and by reducing crop losses resources such as land and water would be more available for other purposes.
 
Description Information sharing can be facilitated by the use of appropriate websites and smartphone App. These overcome physical distance limitations and hence are particularly good for reaching isolated audiences in rural areas. They are not a substitute for face-to-face meeting but are highly complementary. They can provide immediate information at the fingertips of the farmer or agronomist user.
A key global 21st century challenge is to maximise agricultural production while minimising use of resources such as land, water and energy to meet rising demand for produce. Crop protection in particular is becoming more difficult due to evolution of pest resistance and changes in legislation. To meet this challenge, while also adapting to climate change, agriculture will have to become more knowledge intensive and deploy smarter farming techniques. Up to date information can be made rapidly available and shared online. Quality control is important as is quantity control - users require the relevant information and not to have to wade through pages of non relevant information.
Online knowledge sharing systems bridging research and user communities are probably in their infancy and will develop rapidly in the next decade. General lessons and guiding principles that have been learnt so far fall into three categories of relevance, ease of use and marketing:
Relevance
• Provide content which the users find relevant and useful
• Make information meaningful
• Tackle the research - user gap
• Provide local contextualisation - spatial / temporal variation means
• Provide up to date information
Ease of use
• Have a user friendly interface
• Don't make it more complicated than necessary - keep it simple
• Provide ongoing support
• Make key information easy to access and find
Marketing
• Make sure users are aware that the system exists
• Address legislation farmers have to comply with
• Incentive to use
• Bring farmers into design
Exploitation Route There are opportunities to use the crowdsourced pest, weed and disease data in combination with other data layers (MET data such as temperature and rainfall, soil and management data) in a geographical information system to make the system predictive.

The project highlights the challenges farmers face with managing pesticide resistant pests because these are the ones most frequently reported by users. This finding may inform policymakers about the need for generation of new solutions.
Sectors Chemicals,Creative Economy,Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy

URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/fes3.80/full
 
Description The project is developing a website, www.croprotect.com and linked smartphone Apps for sharing practical information about crop protection and pest, weed and disease management with farmers and agronomists. The website has been running for two years and has over 1000 registered users plus more unregistered users. In the last month there were 790 visits to the website. The smartphone Apps were launched in December 2015. The Android version has been downloaded at least 100-500 times and the iOS version has been downloaded more than 100 times. Feedback from users has been positive and we are using their comments to guide further development of the system. The pest, weed and disease targets for which information has been posted on have been chosen according to the number of mentions (votes) from users. The project is taking knowledge exchange with UK growers and agronomists to a new more dynamic and interactive level. Better information flow is needed because availability of pesticides is declining and the industry needs to know about alternative approaches which are often more complicated.
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Creative Economy,Education,Environment,Security and Diplomacy
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description BIS consultation about Innovation
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description COMMONS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COMMITTEE - Secured New Government inquiry into "the role of science and technology in addressing challenges to food security and biodiversity"
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Successfully securing this inquiry will have an impact in raising awareness and improving political will to use science and technology to address challenges to food security and biodiversity. Agriculture has been neglected since the last Green Revolution in the 1960s and 21st Century challenges need to be taken more seriously. The Commons STC is a high level committee overseeing delivery of science across all government departments. While the inquiry has not yet been launched, I am confident that it will make a difference to the areas highlighted above. Here is our University press release, which has more details: "Professor Toby Bruce has secured a full Government inquiry into the role of science and technology in addressing challenges to food security and biodiversity, following his successful pitch to the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee in January. Professor Bruce's pitch was one of just four chosen to be taken forward as a full Government inquiry. The committee has combined Professor Bruce's recommendations on food security and crop protection with a related topic on gene editing techniques from Nicola Patron of the Earlham Institute. A report published this week by the Science and Technology Committee said: "Professor Toby Bruce suggested that we should hold an inquiry into food security, the environment and crop protection. He suggested that an inquiry could look at the tools available to farmers to protect crops against pests, weeds and diseases, how these had changed over time, what changes were needed to ensure food security in the future and research investment in crop protection. We will incorporate this into an inquiry into the role of science and technology in addressing challenges to food security and biodiversity." Professor Bruce said: "I am delighted that 'My Science Inquiry' is being taken forward to a full inquiry and look forward to working with the Commons Science and Technology Committee. There is an urgent need for increased research and innovation to help improve food security and protect the environment. I hope that the forthcoming inquiry will be a catalyst for change and will help to address some serious limitations that currently impede our innovation system, particularly with respect to providing new options for protecting harvests from pests". During the presentation of his research, Professor Bruce said: "The choice we have at the moment is having to choose between food security and the environment, so we need to find a way forward in which we can safeguard our crops without environmental impact, partly through smarter regulation to bring more inventions into the market. There is a critical shortage of new treatments but there's also underinvestment in this area. It's a major challenge that we face this century, how do we feed the world without wrecking the environment in the process." The Commons Science and Technology Committee will launch their inquiry into the role of science and technology in addressing challenges to food security and biodiversity within the next 12 months."
URL http://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/science-and-technology-co...
 
Description Leaving the EU: implications and opportunities for science and research
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/science-and-technol...
 
Description Member of EFSA plant Health Panel July 2015-June 2018
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Co-authored over 80 scientific opinions, pest categorisations and pest risk assessments published by the European Food Safety Authority to inform the EU and EPPO on policy to safeguard plant health in the EU. This included providing evidence to support trade restrictions in a wide range of plant-based products, such as plants, fruits or seeds that can only be imported from a pest-free location, or produced in a regulated way, imported without soil, inspections made at the border, or even complete bans on imports from a certain geography.
URL http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/plant-health
 
Description Provided written evidence to the UK science spending review
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/science-and-technol...
 
Description Responded to Parliament Consultation on Science Budget
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://data.parliament.uk/WrittenEvidence/CommitteeEvidence.svc/EvidenceDocument/Science%20and%20Tec...
 
Description Response to "My science inquiry" consultation
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/science-and-technol...
 
Description Speech by the Business Secretary, Greg Clark, at the NFU conference
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/news/business-secretary-calls-for-new-tech-revolution-in-agriculture
 
Description Biological crop protection: a new 'slow down/speed up' strategy for aphid management
Amount £608,173 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R021708/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2018 
End 07/2021
 
Title CROPROTECT - reporting 
Description The CROPROTECT network I created has over 1000 farmer and agronomist users. From the onset we have been keen to learn what their priority pest, weed and disease targets are. We have developed this into a crowdsourcing system where users can report pest targets and reports are mapped spatially using Google maps. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Evidence from CROPROTECT user reporting has been used to inform research councils (e.g. Global Food Security (GFS) workshop on "Alternatives to Pesticides", London, 23 May 2016). It has also been used to inform the Commons Science and Technology Committee and for guiding internal research strategy at Rothamsted Research. 
URL https://croprotect.com/discover/reporting
 
Title Light leaf spot and phoma leaf spot disease forecasts 
Description Rothamsted has provided on its website or in collaboration with the AHDB (https://ahdb.org.uk/lightleafspot) an interactive disease forecasting tool for growers and agronomists to estimate disease pressure for the coming season based on weather and in the case of light leaf spot, also the amount of disease the previous season. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Improvements have been made in 2018 for example different sources of met data woere adapted to drive the model. 
URL https://ahdb.org.uk/lightleafspot
 
Description AICC 
Organisation Association of Independent Crop Consultants Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Discussion of crop protection requirements
Collaborator Contribution AICC is an agronomy organisation on the steering committee for CROPROTECT
Impact Development of the CROPROTECT information service
Start Year 2014
 
Description AgriChatUK 
Organisation AgriChatUK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Involvement in Thursday evening online farming discussions
Collaborator Contribution Promotion and raising awareness about CROPROTECT (AgriChatUK has 22K followers from the farming community on Twitter) AgriChatUK (Charles Tassell) sit on the steering committee for CROPROTECT
Impact Development and promotion of the CROPROTECT information service
Start Year 2013
 
Description Agrii 
Organisation Agrii
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Discussion of crop protection requirements
Collaborator Contribution Agrii is an agronomy company on the steering committee for CROPROTECT
Impact Development of the CROPROTECT information service
Start Year 2014
 
Description Harper Adams University 
Organisation Harper Adams University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sharing of facilities and expertise
Collaborator Contribution Sharing of facilities and expertise
Impact We have applied for a new £5M collaborative research centre and have been invited to a stage two application that we are currently waiting for the decision on (Research England E3 initiative) We have an existing joint research project, BB/R021708/1, "Biological crop protection: a new 'slow down/speed up' strategy for aphid management"
Start Year 2017
 
Description Hutchinsons 
Organisation H L Hutchinson Ltd
PI Contribution Discussion of crop protection
Collaborator Contribution Hutchinsons is an agronomy company on the steering committee for CROPROTECT
Impact Development of the CROPROTECT information service
Start Year 2014
 
Description NFU 
Organisation National Farmers Union
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Discussion of crop protection requirements
Collaborator Contribution The NFU are on the steering committee for CROPROTECT and provide insight into want their 55,000 farmer members require
Impact Development of the CROPROTECT information service
Start Year 2014
 
Description Rothamsted Research 
Organisation Rothamsted Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Updating information on the CROPROTECT website, www.croprotect.com
Collaborator Contribution Allowing admin access to www.croprotect.com
Impact Updating information on www.croprotect.com
Start Year 2019
 
Title CROPROTECT smartphone App 
Description The CROPROTECT App enables even easier access to the information also available on the website https://croprotect.com/ It is an output from the CROPROTECT project that shares key information and management recommendations about target pests with farmers, agronomists and other end-users. The project is developing and providing a two-way web-based free knowledge exchange resource through which farmers and agronomists can get specific information relevant to their needs. Dr Toby Bruce, who co-ordinates CROPROTECT, discussed requirements with users and many of them said they wanted an App for improved accessibility. The App was launched in December 2015. So far, the Android version of the App has been downloaded 50-100 times and the iOS version at least 100 times. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact The App provides the same information as the CROPROTECT website and empowers users with better access to relevant information about crop protection. 
URL https://goo.gl/QMDevN
 
Title CROPROTECT website 
Description CROPROTECT is a web-based knowledge exchange system to provide farmers and agronomists with guidance on pest, weed and disease management, especially in situations where effective pesticides are not available and alternative approaches are required. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact The website is used by farmers and agronomists to obtain information about pest, weed and disease management. There are 523 registered users and even more visits to the website from unregistered users. To give an idea of usage there were 474 visits to the website in the last month. This not bad considering that the website has only been live for one year. The main impact is to empower the users with information and improve access to relevant information about crop protection. We also get feedback from users about what their priorities are. This could have general implications for how to share information and improve research impact. 
URL https://croprotect.com/#_
 
Description AAB conference - Knowledge exchange: from research to the food supply chain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce gave two talks - one about IPM in Africa and one about the CROPROTECT system
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.aab.org.uk/images/knowledge_exchange_pro.pdf
 
Description AAB precision Agriculture conference October 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jon West made an invited keynote presentation at the conference and this was associated with the following publication: West JS, Canning GGM, Perryman SA, Kaczmarek A, King KM (2017) Precision disease detection systems for agriculture and horticulture. Aspects of Applied Biology: Precision systems in agricultural and horticultural production v135, p1-8 (2017).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description AAB: Advances in IPM 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - gave a talk, chaired a session and helped to organise the Association of Applied Biologists (AAB) Advances in IPM 2016 conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.aab.org.uk/contentok.php?id=194&basket=wwsshowconfdets
 
Description AGRInet conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - lecture at the AgriNet conference, 13 May 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.agri-net.net/events/agri-net-5th-international-plant-chemical-biology-conference
 
Description ASPP Science Protecting Plant Health Conference, Brisbane Sept 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jon West chaired a conference session and also made an invited presentation. West JS, Canning GGM, Kaczmarek A, King KM (2017) Comparison of rooftop and field-based air samplers for early detection and population monitoring of plant pathogens. Science Protecting Plant Health, 26-28 September 2017, Brisbane, Australia. Abstract Page 135. https://www.appsnet.org/publications/Brisbane_Presentations/West.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.appsnet.org/publications/Brisbane_Presentations/West.pdf
 
Description Agri and AgriFood Canada Research Proposal Review 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Refereed a grant proposal for an AgriTech project proposed for funding from Agri and agrifood Canada
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Agri-tech REAP conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - Exhibited a stand with information about CROPROTECT
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.agritech-east.co.uk/site/reap/
 
Description Agri-tech pollinator event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce gave a talk, "CROPROTECT - Web based knowledge exchange for crop protection"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.plantsci.org.uk/events/agri-tech-east-pollinator-farmer-innovator-speed-dating-%E2%80%93-...
 
Description AgriChatUK - invited panel member 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce is involved in the online forum AgriChatUK which has more than 12,000 followers in the farming community. In 2013 he was a researcher invited to answer questions on the subject, "The big arable challenges and how to overcome them". In 2014 he organised the session "Bridging the gap between farming research and practice" a topic suggested by me and for which I drafted the questions for the Q and A session. This was timed to coincide with the launch of the CROPROTECT project and the RoCRE developments. He was invited to be one of the hosts of the AgriChatUK discussion "Science on the Farm" and took part in this evening online discussion forum (30 May 2015).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
URL http://www.agrichatuk.org/
 
Description AgriTech REAP conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce attended conference and took part in discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.agritech-east.co.uk/reap-2015-roundup/
 
Description Agricology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - serving on steering committee of Agricology, "Practical, sustainable farming regardless of labels". This is an important initiative to bridge the divide between organic and conventional farming and an opportunity to develop more evidence based approaches to sustainable agriculture. Toby is responsible for discussions relating to crop protection.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Agricology blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - Blog post - TACKLING THE FOOTPRINT OF PESTS, WEEDS & DISEASES IN OUR FOOD SYSTEM
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.agricology.co.uk/tackling-footprint-pests-weeds-diseases-our-food-system
 
Description Agritec East pollenator talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation made to a group of 50 stakeholders on the subject: the need for farmers' perspectives in applied research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.cambridgenetwork.co.uk/events/agri-tech-east-pollinator-pipettes-and-ploughs-taking-the-...
 
Description Aphidophaga 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - presented research at an international conference in Germany, 29 August - 2 Sept 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://aphidophaga.de/
 
Description Association of Applied Biologists: Advances in IPM conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Organised and chaired Association of Applied Biologists: Advances in IPM conference Organised and chaired
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Association of Applied Biologists: IPM the 10 year plan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce gave a talk, "Current state of the agricultural research community in the UK and its ability to deliver new and
novel techniques to the production industry"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.aab.org.uk/images/ipm_2015_pro.pdf
 
Description Association of Independent Crop Consulants (AICC) Technical Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In 2015 Toby Bruce gave a demonstration of the prototype CROPROTECT website and got valuable feedback from potential users

In 2016 Toby Bruce gave a talk, "Managing pests with fewer pesticides which was well received.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL http://www.aicc.org.uk/aicc-conference-2016-largest-ever-0
 
Description BCPC Diseases Review, 7 December, NIAB innovation farm 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jon West co-organised this conference as secretary of the BCPC diseases working group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bcpc.org/expert-groups/diseases
 
Description BCPC farmers club 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion in Whitehall about collaboration with BCPC and crop protection
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description British Science Association Festival, 6 September 2016, Swansea 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Jon West made a presentation on Farming in the future: Part 1 - Innovations in crop protection
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.britishscienceassociation.org/british-science-festival
 
Description CLA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - Discussion about CROPROTECT and how to make use of it with the Country Land and Business Association
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description CONGRATULATIONS TO PROFESSOR TOBY BRUCE'S GROUP 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Keele Website
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.keele.ac.uk/lifesci/news/2018/november/congratulationstoprofessortobybrucesgroup/food-se...
 
Description CPM magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Toby Bruce featured as the "On farm innovator" in Crop Production Magazine, April 2016 issue
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.cpm-magazine.co.uk/2016/04/11/on-farm-innovator-crowd-sourced-science/
 
Description CROPROTECT - Twitter feed 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Twitter feed for raising awareness about CROPROTECT activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016,2017
URL https://twitter.com/croprotect/
 
Description Cereals 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Face-to-face discussion with farmers and agronomists at the leading Arable agriculture event for the UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.cerealsevent.co.uk/
 
Description Cereals 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Jon West presented work on Smart Disease Detection and exhibited new equipment for real-time detection of plant pathogen spores as parts of InnovateUK and AHDB-funded projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.cerealsevent.co.uk/welcome
 
Description Cereals 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce attended Cereals 2016 - the main UK arable farming event and discussed research with approximately 100 farmers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.cerealsevent.co.uk/
 
Description Cereals 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Demonstration of new equipment developed in two InnovateUK and one AHDB project, secondly publicising the CroProtect project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Chinese Delegation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Two lectures on Crop Protection to a high level panel of Chinese academics and government policy advisers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Cranfield University Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 21 Apr 2015 J West gave a seminar at Cranfield University entitled Precision Pathology to approx. 40 staff and postgraduate students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Crop Protection Association/Fresh Produce Consortium annual conference, Peterborough 23 January 2018 (invited presentation) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited presentation about Advances in pathogen detection, monitoring and forecasting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://freshproduce.org.uk/media/694099/Briefing-Document-23-Jan.pdf
 
Description CropTech Show Blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Blog post on the CropTec show website: "What will Brexit mean for crop protection?"
This is the most popular post on the website...
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://croptecbuzz.blogspot.co.uk/2016/11/what-will-brexit-mean-for-crop.html
 
Description Cropworld Global, Amsterdam, 25 october 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jon West made a presentation on Precision Agriculture for Enhanced Crop Protection
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://cropworld2016.conference-websites.co.uk/files/2016/01/Cropworld-Exhibitor-Brochure-Last.pdf
 
Description Ecomodernism launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I was invited by Owen Patterson MP and Mark Lynas to attend the Ecomodernism launch. It was an interesting event and I took part in the discussion. It was about environmentalism making use of technology. I agreed that technology could be useful but not that we can fully decouple from nature.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.uk2020.org.uk/events/eco-modernism-restoring-science-environment-policy/
 
Description Farmers Weekly Ag Careers Live event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - presented research and careers in agricultural research at a Careers Fair in Birmingham
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.fwi.co.uk/ms/events/ag-careers-live/
 
Description Farmers Weekly article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Farmers Weekly Article: "4 Arable Apps That Save Time and Money" - Featured CROPROTECT (Feb 2016)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://twitter.com/olihillFW/status/703202949980254208
 
Description GFS workshop - Alternatives to Pesticides 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Toby Bruce attended GFS (Global Food Security) workshop - Alternatives to Pesticides organised by Tim Benton (former GFS Champion). Toby gave a talk and participated in discusssions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Guest Lecture - University of Nottingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Gave a lecture to M.Sc. students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Hert Farmers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - talk about crop protection given to Hertfordshire Farmers breakfast meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.hertsfarmerscalendar.co.uk/
 
Description Innovate UK Biopesticides event, Invited plenary lecture, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Innovate UK Biopesticides event, Invited plenary lecture, London, 12 April 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Intelligent Sensing Systems for Early Detection of Animal and Plant Health Threats Workshop, Feb 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact BBRSC organised a workshop to bring together key experts with knowledge and techniques of potential for surveillance and monitoring of plant and animal health threats. The workshop included some short talks, discussions and break-out groups. It was attended by over 100 scientists and potential funders. Outcomes included an invitation to co-organise a related conference (Sensor 100, which was in July 2018), ideas for potential new projects and collaborators were also made. Feedback was provided to the BBSRC.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description JIC visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - Visit to the John Innes Centre for discussion and to give a talk
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description News Item in The Guardian 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News Article about pesticides and crop protection in The Guardian
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/nov/14/miniature-robots-could-cut-pesticide-use-on-farm...
 
Description News item in Farmers Weekly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Interview with Johann Tasker about appearance before Commons Science and Technology Committee in Parliament and subsequent article in Farmers Weekly
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.fwi.co.uk/arable/crop-management/politicians-face-critical-choice-on-food-security-warns...
 
Description North Herts Farmers - Annual General Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce gave a talk about crop protection at a Farmers Breakfast event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.nhfarmers.co.uk/
 
Description Nuffield students visit to Rothamsted 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce organised and took part in Nuffield farming scholarship students visit to Rothamsted
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description PGRO pulse open day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion event with pulse growers and industry representatives. We discussed the CROPROTECT system, research on beetle pests of beans and as a spin off the use of hybrid barley to suppress blackgrass.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation to British Herbs 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce gave a talk about crop protection during visit of British Herbs to Rothamsted
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Press coverage in Farmers Guardian 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This press coverage about CROPROTECT helped to inform farmers and agronomists about the service
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.fginsight.com/news/new-mobile-phone-app-to-assist-crop-protection-decision-making-8289
 
Description RELU Landbridge blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I was invited to write for an article for the Landbridge blog about CROPROTECT
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://landbridgeblog.blogspot.co.uk/2015/03/croprotect-web-based-knowledge-exchange.html
 
Description RRA presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact 11 Feb 2015 Rothamsted research Association presentation by J West - From spore traps to optical sensing - what techniques and tools are available for forecasting and monitoring fungal diseases? - See more at: http://www.rothamsted.ac.uk/rothamsted-research-association/rra-downloads#sthash.QXUiQ2S0.dpuf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.rothamsted.ac.uk/rothamsted-research-association/rra-downloads#sthash.QXUiQ2S0.dpuf
 
Description Rawcliffe Bridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of research to professional Agronomists
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Royal Holloway lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - talk about protecting harvests with fewer pesticides
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion of science strategy for the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description SARIC Oxford 29 Nov 2017 (invited presentation on the CroProtect project) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jon West gave a presentation on behalf of Toby Bruce, describing the CroProtect project, methods, outcomes and user uptake.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://twitter.com/James_Phi/status/935875753845186561
 
Description SARIC dissemination event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Presented CROPROTECT project to industry club members
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description SCI - New Frontiers in Crop Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - presentation about CROPROTECT project at one day SCI symposium in London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Syngenta - Good Growth Plan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Toby Bruce attended a discussion meeting with Syngenta about their Good Growth Plan and collaboration with Rothamsted
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description UK Vector Borne Diseases conference, John Innes Centre, 4 Dec 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gave a talk at UK Vector Borne Diseases conference, John Innes Centre, 4 Dec 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description UK-US Plant Health Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Toby Bruce attended a discussion meeting at the UK embassy in Washington DC to discuss Plant Health and write a whitepaper with other delegates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://blogs.fco.gov.uk/stefaniadimauronava/2016/10/13/blog-at-the-root-of-it-all/
 
Description VI & NFU 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussion with the National Farmers Union and the Voluntary Initiative about promotion of IPM, improving crop protection and use of the CROPROTECT service.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Visit to Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussion with AHDB about digital content development and collaboration with CROPROTECT
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Visit to Ursula Agriculture to discuss collaboration 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact We discussed how CROPROTECT data could be used as part of a geographical information system
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015