Gas-FACTS: Gas - Future Advanced Capture Technology Options - Consortium proposal by Cranfield, Edinburgh, Imperial, Leeds and Sheffield

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: Sch of Engineering

Abstract

The Gas-FACTS programme will provide important underpinning research for UK CCS development and deployment on natural gas power plants, particularly for gas turbine modifications and advanced post combustion capture technologies that are the principal candidates for deployment in a possible tens-of-£billions expansion of the CCS sector between 2020 and 2030, and then operation until 2050 or beyond, in order to meet UK CO2 (carbon dioxide) emission targets. Gas CCS R&D is an emerging field and many of the concepts and underlying scientific principles are still being 'invented'. But on-going UK infrastructure investments and energy policy decisions are being made which would benefit from better information on relevant gas CCS technologies, making independent, fundamental studies by academic researchers a high priority. In addition, the results of this project will provide an essential basis for further work to extract the maximum research benefits from the UK CCS demonstration programme and help to develop more advanced gas CCS technologies for a second tranche of CCS deployment. The programme will also develop rigorous assessment methods and a framework to maximise pathways to impact that could support other RCUK research activities on gas CCS. Globally, there is already interest in gas CCS in Norway, California and the Middle East, and this is likely to become more widespread if cheaper gas leads to more widespread use.

This work will be undertaken through work packages with the following aims:

WP1: To quantify the scope of gas turbine modifications to improve the technical, environmental and economic performance of integrated CO2 capture on CCGT plants. Small gas turbines will be modified to run with steam or recycled flue gas replacing some of the normal air feed to increase back-end CO2 concentrations (which will help make the CO2 easier to capture).

WP2: To quantify through modelling and experimental testing the scope for improving post-combustion capure system performance on CCGT plants through a combination of advanced liquid solvents, including novel amine mixtures, and improved transient performance. Solvents that are used to take up CO2 and then release it in a pure form that can be stored underground will be modified so that the amount of energy required to do this is reduced. The equipment the solvents are used in will also be designed to turn on and off quickly to allow CCS power plants to compensate for fluctuations in output from wind turbines.

WP3: In close collaboration with an external Experts Group to undertake integration and whole systems performance assessments. This will include a 'Gas-FACTS Impact Handbook' combining impact tables with state-of-the-art surveys to ensure that pathways to impact pursued by Gas-FACTS researchers are co-ordinated with other significant activities, including excellent science and stakeholder plans, to maximise their effectiveness. Gas-FACTS results will be implemented in the freely-available IECM package for access by any potential users.

WP4: Impact delivery and expert interaction activities will be based on establishing an Experts Group including representatives of the UK CCS academic community, global academic community, UK policymakers, UK Regulators, NGOs, power utilities, Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), SMEs (Small and Medium Enterprises). WP4 will also run a programme of engagement activities to impact, including project meetings, specialist meetings on topical issues and results, web-based dissemination and document publication (reports, responses to Parliamentary inquiries, journal papers, articles etc.)

Planned Impact

Who might benefit and how:

UK CCS Research Centre/UK CCS academic community
Research Programme that attracts interest from a wide range of other users, delivers significant results and serves as a basis for additional research including extended gas CCS research and complementary topics.

Global academic community
Contributions to state-of-the-art science (e.g. ideas and research tools that can be applied to current problems or stimulate additional research). Benchmark results. System concepts they can partially modify to include alternative capture technologies.

UK Policymakers
Expert group able to provide reliable evidence base to inform analysis used for strategic decisions on UK energy mix and role that gas CCS may play in it.

UK Regulators
Technical advice to develop and maintain fit-for-purpose regulation and guidance, including on capture-readiness and best available technology.

NGOs (Non-Governmental Organisations)
NGOs typically have very small analytical teams in-house, so availability of reliable, independent advice and expertise that can help to inform priorities for campaigns (and, hence, civil society influence) is particularly important.

Power utilities
Analytical techniques and up-to-date reviews of promising developments to support and extend competence as 'informed buyers' of gas power plants.

Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs)
Identification and development of novel design and integration concepts that can inspire product adaptations and other development activities.

SMEs (Small and Medium Enterprises)
Potentially similar to OEMs, but availability of initial academic research particularly important to identify focus for developments with limited budget.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The Gas-FACTS programme provided important underpinning research for UK CCS development and deployment on natural gas power plants, particularly for gas turbine modifications and advanced post combustion capture technologies that are the principal candidates for deployment in a possible tens-of-£billions expansion of the CCS sector between 2020
and 2030, and then operation until 2050 or beyond, in order to meet UK CO2 (carbon dioxide) emission targets.
Exploitation Route Cost reduction for capture units for new natural gas CCS power plants.
Sectors Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice

 
Description Oral evidence to the Energy and Climate Change Committee on CCS for new gas power plants - see http://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/energy-and-climate-change-committee/inquiries/parliament-2015/ccs-15-16/. ; Oral evidence to the Energy and Climate Change Committee on 'Future of carbon capture and storage in the UK' https://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmselect/cmenergy/692/692.pdf ; CO2 capture course delivered in Mexico, January 2018 https://ukccsrc.ac.uk/news-events/news/ccs-knowledge-sharing-mexico
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Prof Jon Gibbins gives evidence at the Energy and Climate Change Committee hearing on the future of CCS in the UK
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://ukccsrc.ac.uk/news-events/news/eccc-future-ccs-uk-hearing-20-january-2016
 
Description Carbon Capture Storage Innovation Competition: Process design & Optimisation of New Solvents for CO2 Capture
Amount £956,300 (GBP)
Organisation Department of Energy and Climate Change 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2013 
End 06/2016
 
Description Development and Evaluation of Sustainable Technologies for Flexible Operation of Conventional Power Plants.
Amount £1,944,441 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/K02115X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2013 
End 09/2018
 
Description EU H2020 Low Carbon Energy
Amount € 3,200,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 727503 
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 10/2016 
End 10/2019
 
Description Industry
Amount £135,000 (GBP)
Organisation Intelligent Power Generation Ltd 
Start 12/2017 
End 03/2019
 
Description NANOMEMC2
Amount € 4,200,000 (EUR)
Funding ID URMS number: 147326 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2017 
End 12/2021
 
Description PACT National Facility
Amount £2,476,327 (GBP)
Organisation Department of Energy and Climate Change 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2012 
End 06/2016
 
Description SELECT: Selective Exhaust Gas Recirculation for Carbon Capture with Gas Turbines: Integration, Intensification, Scale-up and Optimisation.
Amount £1,099,891 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/M001482/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2014 
End 11/2017
 
Title Dynamic Model for RPB Absorber with solvent MEA 
Description Rotating Packed Bed (RPB) is a technology commonly used for process intensification. RPB Absorber is very different from other Absorber based on packed column. Based on the observations (studying different correlations for mass transfer, heat transfer and reactions), the new model is developed and its validation is ongoing. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact An oral presentation was given in Nov. 2016 during GHGT-13. A research journal paper based on this dynamic model has been submitted and is currently under review. Part of this model is being used for the DECC funded project with CCS Ltd. 
 
Description Advanced Sulzer Packing for PACT Amine Captuer Plant 
Organisation Sulzer
Country Switzerland 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution To investigate performance of advanced packing during coal/gas/biomass fired
Collaborator Contribution Sulzer supplied and provided advice on advanced packing for the UKCCSRC amine capture plant
Impact Work ongoing
Start Year 2015
 
Description International Flame Research Foundation (IFRF)-PACT National Facilities 
Organisation International Flame Research Foundation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Collaboration agreement between IFRF-UK and PACT national facilities: we will provide technical support to IFRF experimental projects. The partnership will include, our combustion/emission control expertise, intellectual input or the training of staff from industry. It also includes access to data, equipment or facilities.
Collaborator Contribution The members of International Flame Research Foundation will use the PACT national facilities to test their energy systems, fuels and new and novel low carbon devices.
Impact New collaboration
Start Year 2017
 
Description PSE Process Simulation 
Organisation Process Systems Enterprise Limited (PSE)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Research team is working with PSE software to develop virtual reality dynamic simulation of the power plants. In addition we provide data from pilot scale facility to validate the new models.
Collaborator Contribution Providing technical support, seminars and software.
Impact A number of journal publications joint submission of research proposals joint seminars, workshops and CPD courses
Start Year 2015
 
Description US-UK Collaboration on Energy Materials 
Organisation Argonne National Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sharing of research data, development of predictive models, access to research facilities, hosting workshops and contributions to joint reports and publications.
Collaborator Contribution Access to USDOE funded research activities, sharing of testing data, access to in-house models and hosting workshops.
Impact Joint publications, focused workshops (e.g. IEAGHG Workshop on Corrosion in Oxy-combustion Systems, London, June 2014)
 
Description US-UK Collaboration on Energy Materials 
Organisation National Energy Technology Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Sharing of research data, development of predictive models, access to research facilities, hosting workshops and contributions to joint reports and publications.
Collaborator Contribution Access to USDOE funded research activities, sharing of testing data, access to in-house models and hosting workshops.
Impact Joint publications, focused workshops (e.g. IEAGHG Workshop on Corrosion in Oxy-combustion Systems, London, June 2014)
 
Description US-UK Collaboration on Energy Materials 
Organisation Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Sharing of research data, development of predictive models, access to research facilities, hosting workshops and contributions to joint reports and publications.
Collaborator Contribution Access to USDOE funded research activities, sharing of testing data, access to in-house models and hosting workshops.
Impact Joint publications, focused workshops (e.g. IEAGHG Workshop on Corrosion in Oxy-combustion Systems, London, June 2014)
 
Description A talk or presentation - Research Seminar at Changzhou University, China - Prof Wang 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I was invited by the President of ChangZhou University - Prof Q. Chen to have an academic visit to ChangZhou University. I was invited to give a Research Seminar on what Process/Energy Systems Engineering can do for Power Plants, Carbon Capture and Utilisation, Bio-Energy & Energy Storage. Lots of questions raised by the audiences (academics & MSc Research students).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://uni.cczu.edu.cn/2017/1215/c8420a173493/page.htm
 
Description Energy Materials Industrial Research Initiative 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact EMIRI was formed to promote and coordinate initiatives in energy materials research across Europe, to develop strategically important activities and identify key research priorities. As a result, the European Commission is working closely with EMIRI in the energy materials area for the Horizon 2020 Programme from 2017 onwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Keynote talk given by Prof Meihong Wang at 2nd International Conference on Functional Materials and Chemical Engineering (ICFMCE) in Nov. 2018, Abu Dhabi, UAE 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In Nov. 2018, Prof Wang was invited to give a keynote talk on "Process/Energy Systems Engineering: CCUS and Beyond...".
This is part of the 2nd International Conference on Function Materials and Chemical Engineering (ICFMCE) held in Abu Dhabi, UAE.
Around 70 to 80 audiences from over 15 countries joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Korea-UK CCS-CCT Workshop held at the Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER) in Daejeon 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A one day workshop Hosted by: Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE), Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MSIP), National Research Council of Science & Technology (NST), Organized by: Korea Institute of Energy Research. Sponsored by: British Embassy Seoul, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning, Supported by: Office of Strategic R&D Planning (OSP) of MOTIE, Korea CCS Association (KCCSA), Korea Carbon Capture & Sequestration R&D Center (KCRC), Korean Society for New and Renewable Energy (KSNRE), Topic: Innovations in CCS and CCT. See https://ukccsrc.ac.uk/sites/default/files/documents/news/korea_uk_ccs_15oct15_agenda.pdf for agenda.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://ukccsrc.ac.uk/sites/default/files/documents/news/cost_reduction_koreauk_ccs_cct_ws_gibbins_1...
 
Description MIT Carbon Sequestration Forum 16 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The MIT Carbon Sequestration Initiative holds an annual forum. Each forum focuses on six topical issues involving carbon capture and sequestration over a one and a half day period. The presenters are a mix of experts from MIT, consortium members, and other governmental, academic, and industrial organizations. On 13 November Jon Gibbins presented on CCS for natural gas power plants at the MIT Carbon Sequestration Forum 16 in Cambridge, MA. The other speaker on the topic was Satish Reddy from Fluor whose talk included Fluor's extensive experience on the (now closed) nearby Bellingham power plant. Other topics were 'Technology Innovation and CCS' (Michael Matuszewski, NETL and Richard Lester, MIT), 'Induced Seismicity' (Steve Hickman, USGS and Ruben Juanes, MIT), 'Direct Air Capture' (David Keith, Carbon Engineering & Harvard University), 'CO2 Capture Project' (Nigel Jenvey, BP), 'Oxy-Combustion' (Mónica Lupión, MIT and Bob Schrecengost, Alstom Power) and a discussion on 'Moving CCS Forward' (Richard Esposito, Southern Company, Tim Wiwchar, Shell and John Thompson, Clean Air Task Force). - See more at: https://ukccsrc.ac.uk/news-events/news/jon-gibbins-presents-ccs-natural-gas-power-plants-mit-carbon-sequestration-forum-16#sthash.32Npp6pg.dpuf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://ukccsrc.ac.uk/news-events/news/jon-gibbins-presents-ccs-natural-gas-power-plants-mit-carbon-...
 
Description Research Seminar - HuaZhaong University of Science & Technology, WuHan, China - Jul. 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact In Jul. 2016, I was invited to give a research seminar on CCS and its latest development.

Over 50 academics, researchers, technical staff, postgraduate students joined the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Research Seminar - ShenHua Group R&D Centre Beijing - Jul. 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In Jul. 2016, I was invited to visit ShenHua Group R&D Centre in Beijing

I was invited to give a research seminar on CCS.

Around 23 Engineers, Managers and Researchers joined the seminar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Research Seminar given by Prof Meihong Wang at SouthEast University in April 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact In April 2018, Prof Wang was invited to give a research Seminar on "Process & Energy Systems Engineering: Carbon Capture, Utilisation and Storage (CCUS) and Beyond ...".
There were around 150 audiences (mainly MSc and PhD students, also including academics and industrial practitioners) from the city of Nanjing area.

Lots of interesting questions from these early career researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description UKCCSRC Call 2 Project C2-179 - Scottish Carbon Capture and Storage conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Poster presentation made by RA during general poster session. Link to poster made available on the SCCS website. Discussions stimulated on the risks involved with buried onshore pipelines.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.sccs.org.uk/events/51-sccs-conference-2015#programme